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Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur

Discussion in 'Messianic Judaism' started by mark kennedy, Sep 8, 2018.

  1. mark kennedy

    mark kennedy Natura non facit saltum Supporter

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    I'shanah tovav,

    I noticed on that calender Rosh Hashanah begins Monday, really just curious how it's celebrated. As Messianic Jews do you still celebrate these high holy days, what kind of foods are involved, any special services?
     
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  2. visionary

    visionary Your God is my God... Ruth said, so say I. Supporter

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    Just as the spring feasts were fulfilled by Yeshua at the end of the three and one half year ministry at His first coming, so also can we look forward to seeing Him fulfill the fall feasts at the end of the three and one half year ministry with His second coming. So while the celebrations follow the traditional manners, I just want to throw into this thread the importance of seeing its prophetic value.

    Feast of Trumpets is the First day of the seventh month and start of the civil year.[1] Hebrew name is Rosh Hashanah which literally means head of the year on the Jewish calendar it falls around September or October depending on the year. It is Tishri 1 of the Jewish month and first day of the year on the Jewish civil calendar. The Jews have two calendars, one which they call the sacred calendar and the other that they call the civil. They believe that since God never abrogated the old calendar when He gave them the new calendar they are to have two calendars.

    This is why Joel says that Messiah will come in the first month, both for the first coming and for the second, both in the spring and in the fall. Interesting that you find seven trumpets in Revelation and not many people have made any connection with the Feast of Trumpets. It would take understanding of the Feast of Trumpets throughout scripture and prophecy of Old and New Testament prophets to glean concepts and understand the significance of the Feast of Trumpets. The Feast of Trumpets is about remembrances, a memorial, but the Bible does not tell us what you are supposed to remember! Neither the name of the festival or the meaning of the festival is made explicitly clear in the Bible. The symbolism of this festival is something of a mystery, a sort of Bible riddle begging to be solved. The Bible grants us only two sparse verses to explain the festival:

    Leviticus 23:23- 24. In the seventh month, on first day of the month, it will be for you a Sabbath, a trumpet blast memorial, a sacred assembly. All regular work you shall not do, and you shall cause to be brought near to the LORD an offering made by fire.

    This memorial is yet to have an event to memorialize it. There is yet to be a fulfillment of this event. By faith you are to keep it. By faith, you are to understand it. So begin with the offering made by fire. To be tried in the fires, the cleansing spoken of is to have a purification effect which will be total and complete just as it is in Yeshua. Your life is offering, the sacrificing of your sins in the flesh, and living the spiritual life in and with Yeshua. The sacred assembly will be those who are looking forward to the fulfillment of the Feasts of Trumpets.[2] The admonishment from Yeshua for not seeing the time is a stern rebuke.[3] Ye hypocrites, Ye can discern the face of the sky and the earth, but how is it that you do not discern this time?

    The secrets will be revealed, nothing is secret that shall not be made known. For nothing is secret, that shall not be made manifest; neither any thing hid, that shall not be known and come abroad.[4] We will be shown before they come to pass. And he said unto me, “These sayings [are] faithful and true: and the Lord God of the holy prophets sent his angel to show unto his servants the things which must shortly be done.”[5] Surely the Lord God will do nothing, but he revealeth his secret unto his servants the prophets.[6]

    [1] Leviticus 23:23-24
    [2] Zechariah 13:9; 1 Peter 1:7; Revelation 3:18

    [3] Luke 12:56
    [4] Luke 8:17
    [5] Revelation 22:6
    [6] Amos 3:7
     
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  3. visionary

    visionary Your God is my God... Ruth said, so say I. Supporter

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    The two witnesses who announce the start of the feast of trumpets are also the two servants of God who will reveal the mystery of God that will be accomplished starting at Jerusalem and going around the world. It will also end in Jerusalem.

    During the Feast of Trumpets come all the last warnings that this world will receive before the plagues fall. [1] In Yeshua’s ministry you will find there the promise that He will cleanse His temple twice.


    [1] Ezekiel 12:1-28
     
  4. visionary

    visionary Your God is my God... Ruth said, so say I. Supporter

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    To start the Feast of Trumpets you must have two witnesses spot the new moon. The role of the two witnesses is to announce that the fall feasts are about to start with the Feast of Trumpets. Now the two trumpets of silver can be paralleled to the two witnesses who are calling people to the last call of redemption.[1] The two witnesses will call for the ingathering of the believers and for the journeying that will need to be done spiritually to be in the place in the wilderness, where God can again speak to you just like it was at Mount Sinai and the Mount of Olives where Yeshua was transfigured.



    [1] Numbers 10:2
     
  5. visionary

    visionary Your God is my God... Ruth said, so say I. Supporter

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    The two witnesses’ message and the son of perdition that appears to confuse the masses bring about tribulation such as never before witnessed upon the earth. Tribulation and turmoil in the mind over conflicts of information means that there are still controversies over truth battling for your soul.[1] As tribulation is in everyone’s mind, so also will the outwards signs of turmoil be among the people, as the rulers look to control the masses, and leaders look to lead the crowd.

    Everyone will be taking a position, everyone holding and protesting even if it takes forcing their beliefs or position upon others until there is nothing left to be said because everyone is willing to die for the position they will then hold. The entire world will then be judged accordingly, and the plaques will fall afflicting each and everyone justly in righteous judgment.

    In that three and one half time period, during this turmoil, those who are witnessing for Messiah will find it getting extremely difficult to the point that they will wear out. [2]They will be exhausted from warning and wooing on the hardness of the hearts of men to change while there is still an opportunity.

    During the Feast of Trumpets, you will have watchmen who will give out the trumpet warning, the heralding of the news, and the announcements of what is soon to come to pass. These watchmen on the wall of Zion are the two witnesses of Revelation.[3]
    So it will be when the two witnesses, in Revelation, prophecy to the world, they will open the eyes of the world as to what is going on in God’s world. They will also show what is going on and going to happen in our world as you near the end of earth’s history.


    [1] Rev. 13:5
    [2] Daniel 7:25
    [3] Numbers 11:24
     
  6. visionary

    visionary Your God is my God... Ruth said, so say I. Supporter

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    Last edited: Sep 8, 2018
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  7. visionary

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    The Bible commands you to blow the trumpets on the Feast of Trumpets as a memorial, ten days to remember but what? It does not tell you why the trumpets need to be blown. Nothing, no explanation, no meanings divulged or even hinted at. Various attempts have been made to explain the festival. By searching through the Scriptures for references to trumpets blasts you find they were used for a variety of purposes. Each purpose gives you a different reason to remember and highlights a unique aspect of the festival. Each remembrance is a key facet to this feast.[1]

    One of the first things would be for you to remember our sins and repent. God wants the people who seek after him daily and are delighted to know the way that God wants them to live and the way that things should be. These people who are willing to approach Him for all the truth will not forsake anything that is of God. They have found delight, truth, righteousness, justification, and sanctification in all of God’s ordained ministries and services.[2] It is our delight to seek God daily and know His ways, and do His ways as they are His righteousness and not turn our back on His Laws, for you know it is the sanctified way of approaching God.

    The 10 days are called Teshuvah which are between Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur and they represent the Tribulation on the Earth that will purge the Earth of evil. The root word is the Hebrew "shoov" which means to return. It combines both aspects of forgiveness: turning from evil and turning toward good.

    The Jews make restitution during this period with those they have offended. Ridding oneself of guilt is a goal of Teshuvah. Repentance from sin or transgressions committed, where to your fellowman or God, they are all considered against God. To receive forgiveness from offenses committed against fellow man, compensation must be made and a plea for forgiveness.[3] If you count only the days from the close of Rosh Hashanah (a two-day feast) until the beginning of Yom Kippur, they total seven. This is called the "Time of Jacob’s Trouble," and the "Days of Awe," and will be a time such has never been seen on the earth. REMEMBER, the shofar is blown everyday during the time of Teshuvah.


    [1] Isaiah 58:1
    [2] Isaiah 58:2
    [3] Acts 3:19
     
  8. visionary

    visionary Your God is my God... Ruth said, so say I. Supporter

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    Feast of Trumpets marks the beginning of a ten day countdown to the Day of Atonement. Because the Day of Atonement is judgment day, the trumpet is sounded as a reminder that judgment is very near and the time for repentance is short.[1] Our God is gracious and merciful, full of forgiveness, very slow to anger, even repents Himself of the justice the sinner deserves if they would just tear open their heart and start a new life in Him. [2] Many have heard Joel 2:13 over and over again, but this time read it with the understanding the kingdom of heaven is truly at hand.

    [1] Ezekiel 18:30
    [2] Joel 2:13
     
  9. visionary

    visionary Your God is my God... Ruth said, so say I. Supporter

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    In Temple times, the priesthood sounded three trumpet blasts every morning to announce the opening of the Temple gates. So too, it is believed, that the first trumpet blasts of the Feast of Trumpets announce the opening of the gates of Heaven. This is traditional Feast of Trumpets image is fully employed in Revelation 4:1. After this I looked, and, behold a door was opened in heaven: and the first voice which I heard was as it were of a trumpet talking with me; which said, Come up hither, and I will show thee things which must be hereafter.

    In this tradition, the gates of Heaven are opened to receive our prayers of repentance and remain open until the conclusion of the Day of Atonement. This will be our opportunity to be shown the things which must be hereafter, the soon to come to pass in the last hours of earth’s history. Those things that you need to know and understand to be able to stand in the last days. The Day of Atonement service is concluded with one long trumpet blast which announces that the gates of heaven have closed and judgment is complete. Therefore, the sound of the trumpet on Feast of Trumpets is a remembrance of the need to repent before judgment is made. Since the two witnesses are preaching repentance, it would not be surprising that they start at Jerusalem.[1]

    True repentance, deep thorough and sincere will bring a gift from God. It is one of the prized gifts that a believer can receive and it is the gift of the Holy Spirit, so necessary in its fullness in the last days of earth’s history. Keep on repenting until the Lord blesses you with this gift. [2]

    It will be worth it, for it will such a refreshing experience after living in this sinful world, to have a taste of heaven, to experience Holiness, to eat of the Hidden manna, and there is no sin worth keeping in comparison to the blessings provided if you would just give up those favorite sins. Repent you therefore, and be converted, that your sins may be blotted out, when the times of refreshing shall come from the presence of the Lord.[3]


    [1] Luke 24:47
    [2] Acts 2:38
    [3] Acts 3:19
     
  10. visionary

    visionary Your God is my God... Ruth said, so say I. Supporter

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    Trumpets were also used for Coronation Ceremonies. In the Scriptures, the trumpet is sounded at the coronation of a king. The trumpet announces the newly crowned King and proclaims his ascent to sovereignty. It is well illustrated in the coronation contest for David's throne. [1] So it wouldn’t surprise me that this is when the Yeshua is crowned in Heaven as our King.

    Zadok the priest took the horn of oil from the sacred tent and anointed Solomon. Then they sounded the trumpet and all the people shouted, "Long live King Solomon!" Only the King of Kings can take The Book out of the Hand of God. As one of the elders told John the Revelator, the Lion out of the tribe of Judah, and the root of David, has prevailed to open the book, and to loose the seven seals thereof.[2] He came and took the book out of the right hand of him that sat upon the throne.
    So the coronation of the King of the Universe, our Lord Yeshua could occur during the Feast of Trumpets or on the Day of Atonement when He is handed all dominions.[3]

    The last message pure and swift riding and striking the heart with arrows of convictions dead on the mark by the one who has been given the crown.[4]
    According to ancient Jewish tradition, the first day of the seventh month is the yearly anniversary of God's completion of creation. As such, it is also the New Year's Day of the Biblical Calendar. This New Year's Day aspect is reflected in the festival's common Hebrew name: Rosh Hashanah. The first day of the seventh month marks and remembers the anniversary of the completion of creation as well as the day that Yeshua becomes King over the new creation in us. Yeshua never denied that He was the King of the Jews or the Universe.[5]

    Therefore, the sound of the trumpet on the Feast of Trumpets is a remembrance of the coronation of the King of the Universe, and it symbolizes our acceptance of God as King. As with any Kingdom, the law of the land is pronounced and proclaimed throughout the kingdom and to all the citizens.[6] The day will come when God will reveal His Kingdom and its laws by which all nations on earth will be judged. It will be a hard day for those who have rebelled against God’s Law, but it will be a day of rejoicing for those who have believed in God and in His Kingdom coming.

    It was at Mount Sinai when God descended upon the mount in Exodus 19, that there was a heavenly trumpet sounding loud and long. The sound of the trumpet at Sinai was one of the miraculous signs that accompanied the giving of the Ten Commandments and the invitation to covenant with God.


    [1] 1 Kings 1:39
    [2] Revelation 5:7
    [3] Psalm 47:5; Psalm 98:6
    [4] Revelation 6:2
    [5] Matthew 27:11; Matthew 27:37; Hebrews 12:2; 2 Peter 1:11
    [6] Nehemiah 8:1-3; Nehemiah 8:8; Nehemiah 8:11-12
     
  11. visionary

    visionary Your God is my God... Ruth said, so say I. Supporter

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    Trumpets were used to give warnings. In ancient Israel, a watchman blew a trumpet to sound an alarm when danger was approaching; just the way civil defense sirens are used in our modern world for natural disasters like tornadoes approaching and invasions. When the Israelite heard the sound of the trumpet, he knew to take note of some imminent danger. Ezekiel employs this image by comparing the words of the prophets to the sound of the trumpet warning. These warning in the form of trumpets from God are not to be trifled with. It will be on your own head for not taking warning seriously.[1]

    If you hear the words of a prophet but did not take warning from them, it will be your own fault for not investigating with scripture and prayer before the trouble comes. The sound of the trumpet on Feast of Trumpets is a remembrance of the need to take warning from the words of the prophets.

    [1] Ezekiel 33:4
     
  12. visionary

    visionary Your God is my God... Ruth said, so say I. Supporter

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    The Feast of Trumpets is usually now observed on not one but on two consecutive days. The (Jewish) day begins at sundown and ends just before sundown the next day. Similarly, the months were calculated from the New Moon. The only Feast of Trumpets is the only feast that is set apart based the time of the new moon. Since Feast of Trumpets is the only appointed feast that begins on the first day of the month that makes it easy to know. As you are trying to narrow the field as to when is the soon return of Yeshua, it is important to remember what Yeshua said, “No one knows about that day or hour, not even the angels in heaven, nor the Son, but only the Father.”[1]

    The next verse tells you He is speaking about the day of His coming. No one knew for sure whether the New Moon (the first day of the new month) would fall at the end of the 30th day or the 31st day. They had to wait until they saw the moon's crescent. You know that the Lord's coming will be signaled by a trumpet blast, the sound of a ram's horn.

    In the same way, the sound of the ram's horn ushers in the Feast of Trumpets. This is why this festival is celebrated for two days because of the uncertainty of the correct calendar day. Each new month was solemnly proclaimed to begin by the priests only after two witnesses testified to the appearance of the crescent of the moon. [2]

    The trumpet was blown as a battle cry during sieges and assaults. When the soldiers heard the trumpet, they knew to initiate the attack. The prophets invoke the battle cry of the trumpet as they repeatedly warn of the impending destruction of Jerusalem and the Temple. One of the most famous was the fall of the wall at Jericho and the seven trumpets soundings.

    [1] Matt 24:36

    [2] Revelation 11:3
     
  13. Questore

    Questore MJ Supporter

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    Is the standard Jewish Calendar out of whack to be claiming Rosh Hashanah for the 9th of September rather than the 11th? Will they not wait for the sighting of the moon in Jerusalem, or do we simply obey because of Tradition?
    upload_2018-9-9_3-57-3.png
     
  14. visionary

    visionary Your God is my God... Ruth said, so say I. Supporter

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    Last edited: Sep 9, 2018
  15. visionary

    visionary Your God is my God... Ruth said, so say I. Supporter

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    In the USA, New moon September 9, 2018 11:02:41 AM for NY time zone.
     
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  16. gadar perets

    gadar perets Messianic Hebrew

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    A dark moon (conjunction) is not a new moon. The sighting of the new crescent is the new moon and is day one of a new month. The Jewish calendar is early.
     
  17. Questore

    Questore MJ Supporter

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    Precisely...although being in SoCal makes me celebrating on the wrong day no matter what I do, and being without family or synagogue it's just another Shabbat to me...still, I think I will go look at the moon before I do anything.

    Hebcal is wonderful for giving me a time each week to aim for, but I go by the two or three stars method...I am not fond of eating before it gets dark since there is no one to play with. Chag Sameach.
     
  18. visionary

    visionary Your God is my God... Ruth said, so say I. Supporter

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    Praise Him with the sound of the shofar. (Psalm 150:3)
     
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  19. gadar perets

    gadar perets Messianic Hebrew

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    Why would you be celebrating on the wrong day? When you see the moon, your new month begins.
     
  20. Dave-W

    Dave-W Welcoming grandchild #7, Arturus Waggoner! Supporter

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    We had 2 services for Yom Teruah (the real name for Rosh HaShanah), one on Sunday evening and one Monday morning. We go thru the liturgy, have worship songs interspersed into it and we blow the Shofar.

    If you are REALY curious, I would get a High Holy Day Machzor (prayer book) from either Jeremiah Greenburg’s Messianic Liturgical Resources or John Fisher’s Menorah Ministries. Read thru the liturgy.

    If you get Greenberg’s book with the accompanying CD, I am the person calling the shofar blasts.

    Tekiah! Shevarim! Tekiah!
     
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