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YHWH's Table (Part 5)

Discussion in 'Messianic Judaism' started by HARK!, Feb 27, 2021.

  1. HARK!

    HARK! Well-Known Member Staff Member Purple Team - Moderator Supporter

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    Continued from: YHWH's Table (Part 4)

    In our study of the first three chapters, we find no mention of korbanim in reference to sin; nor was there any mention of a High Priest being active with those korbanim. The person approaching, is the one who slays the animal. A korban (קרבן) does not necessarily involve blood. Korbans can be voluntary. It seems that a Korban can be independent of a sacrifice, as sacrifice (זבח) wasn't mentioned until chapter 3.

    In chapter four, the only place we saw the Anointed Priest involved with a sin pardon, is that for the pardon of his own sin, or for the sin of the whole congregation. We did not see the Anointed Priest involved with individual sin pardons. The word sacrifice (זבח) was not mentioned in that chapter.

    Let us continue our study.

    (CLV) Lv 5:1
    When a soul sins in that he heard the voice of imprecation, and he was a witness, whether he saw it or knew about it, if he should not profess then he will bear his depravity;

    It appears that if we don't speak out against those who would curse another; that we are in sin.

    Sin (חָטָא) (hata) can best be described, from a concrete (as opposed to abstract) Ancient Hebrew mindset, as missing, as in missing the mark. I bring this up now with regard to the next verse.

    (CLV) Lv 5:2
    or when a soul touches any unclean thing, whether the carcass of an unclean animal or the carcass of an unclean domestic beast or the carcass of an unclean swarmer, even if it is obscured from him he has become unclean and has incurred guilt;

    Here one is guilty when he touches an unclean dead insect; and he doesn't realize it until later.

    We saw the word "guilt" in the previous chapter. If the Anointed Piest sinned (חָטָא) (hara); he would bring guilt (אשׁמה) (ashma) (H819) on the people.

    The word "guilt" is also used in the previous chapter, if the whole congregation is to "err" H7686.

    I did a quick study on this word, and it's root; and the definitions that I found include "sin." For the sake of brevity, I won't post what I found in the OP of this thread; but the difference in these words should be explored.

    (CLV) Lv 5:3
    or when he touches human uncleanness, any of its uncleanness by which he would be unclean, even if it is obscured from him, when he himself realizes it, then he is guilty (אָשַׁם) (asham) (H816);

    Different word here. This will take some study.

    (CLV) Lv 5:4
    or when a soul swears, talking rashly with the lips to do evil or to do good as to anything of which a human talks rashly in an oath, even if it is obscured from him, when he himself realizes it, then he is guilty as to any one of these.

    (CLV) Lv 5:5
    It will come to be when he realizes his guilt as to any one of these instances then he will confess in what way he has sinned;

    It seems that guilt is a result of sin. This might seem intuitive; but I would like to prove this out with the differences of the words being used for guilt, to gain a true understanding of how the Anointed Priest's sin brings guilt on the people.

    (CLV) Lv 5:6
    and he will bring as his guilt offering to Yahweh for his sin with which he has sinned, a female from the flock, a sheep or a hairy goat, as a sin offering. Then the priest will make a propitiatory shelter over him for his sin with which he has sinned, and it will be pardoned him.

    The sin can be pardoned with a female sheep, or a hairy goat. No mention of a male lamb. No mention of the Anointed Priest.

    (CLV) Lv 5:7
    Should his hand not attain sufficient means for a flockling then he will bring as his guilt offering (because he has sinned), two turtledoves or two dove squabs to Yahweh, one as a sin offering and one as an ascent offering.

    (CLV) Lv 5:8
    He will bring them to the priest who will bring near the one for the sin offering first. The priest will pinch off its head toward its nape yet shall not separate it.

    (CLV) Lv 5:9
    He will spatter some of the blood of the sin offering against the sidewall of the altar; and the remainder of the blood shall be wrung out at the foundation of the altar; it is a sin offering.

    (CLV) Lv 5:10
    And he shall offer the second as an ascent offering as is the custom. Thus the priest will make a propitiatory shelter over him for his sin with which he has sinned, and it will be pardoned him.

    The sin can also be pardoned with two birds. No mention of a male lamb. No mention of the Anointed Priest.

    (CLV) Lv 5:11
    Should his hand not afford two turtledoves or two dove squabs then he will bring as his approach present (because he has sinned), a tenth of an ephah of flour as a sin offering. He shall not pour oil over it, nor shall he put frankincense on it, for it is a sin offering.

    (CLV) Lv 5:12
    He will bring it to the priest, and the priest will extract from it his full fistful as a memorial portion of it, and he will cause it to fume on the altar, on top of the fire offerings for Yahweh; it is a sin offering.

    (CLV) Lv 5:13
    Thus the priest will make a propitiatory shelter over him, for his sin with which he has sinned in any one of these instances, and it will be pardoned him. And the priest will come to have the rest as in the case of an approach present.

    The sin can be pardoned with flour. No mention of blood. No mention of a male lamb. No mention of the Anointed Priest.

    (CLV) Lv 5:14
    Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying:

    (CLV) Lv 5:15
    When a soul offends with an offense (מעל) and sins inadvertently in any of the holy things of Yahweh, then he will bring as his guilt offering to Yahweh, a flawless ram from the flock, by your appraisal in silver shekels by the shekel of the holy place, as a guilt offering.

    (מעל) mah'al

    This sin, which requires a ram, seems to be differentiated from the sins presented above.

    (CLV) Lv 5:16
    Whatever he has sinned in any of the holy things he shall repay and add a fifth of its value to it, and he will give it to the priest. The priest, he shall make a propitiatory shelter over him with the ram of the guilt offering; and it will be pardoned him.

    Now we get to a male sheep, a ram, but no mention of a lamb. There is also some money involved. No mention of the Anointed Priest.

    (CLV) Lv 5:17
    When a soul should sin and does something departing from any of the instructions of Yahweh of what should not be done even if he does not know it, when he realizes his guilt and bears his depravity,

    (CLV) Lv 5:18
    then he will bring a flawless ram from the flock, by your appraisal in silver shekels as a guilt offering to the priest. Thus the priest will make a propitiatory shelter over him for his error in which he has erred, even though he himself did not know it, and it will be pardoned him;

    (CLV) Lv 5:19
    it is a guilt offering. He was guilty, yea guilty toward Yahweh.

    Notice that there was no mention of sacrifice, nor the Anointed Priest in this chapter. Notice that these were all unintentional sins that were being pardoned. I again reflect on this parallel:

    (CLV) Hb 10:26
    For at our sinning voluntarily after obtaining the recognition of the truth, it is no longer leaving a sacrifice concerned with sins,

    We have seen in this chapter that sin can be pardoned in absence of blood. They can be pardoned with flour; and even money can play a role in the pardon. So what did the author of Hebrews mean by this verse?:

    (CLV) Hb 9:22
    And almost all is being cleansed in blood according to the law, and apart from bloodshedding is coming not pardon.

    It would seem that this verse is being taken out of context by many Christians. I would like to explore this point, in depth, in this portion of this study series.

    In the first three chapters of this book, it would appear that what was being brought to YHWH's table was voluntary, and had nothing to do with sin. In these last two chapters, it seems that what was being brought to YHWH's table was mandated. Keep in mind that this was mandated to Israel, outside of the land, in absence of the Temple.

    Shabbat shalom.

    YHWH's Table (Part 6)
     
    Last edited: Feb 28, 2021
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  2. HARK!

    HARK! Well-Known Member Staff Member Purple Team - Moderator Supporter

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    Let's revisit this verse to see if we can make sense of this with regards to what YHWH himself has told us:

    (CLV) Hb 9:22
    And almost all is being cleansed in blood according to the law, and apart from bloodshedding is coming not pardon.

    Let's back up a little to see if we can get some context here.

    (CLV) Hb 9:16
    For where there is a covenant, it is necessary to bring in the death of the covenant victim,

    Let's take a closer look at the word covenant (ברית) b'riyt. The root of this word is the Hebrew word (בּרה) barah means choose or choice, It can also mean eat. Hebrew words all stem from root words. The words that stem from those root words are all related in meaning. Barut (בָּרוּת) means meat. Bir'yah (בּרי) means fattened, as in fattened choice meat.

    What does this have to do with sin? Is it a sin to enter covenant with YHWH?

    (CLV) Hb 9:17
    for a covenant is confirmed over the dead, since it is not availing at any time when the covenant victim is living.

    "Confirmed over dead" What does this mean?

    When a covenant was made, the Hebrew words that were used were "karat b'riyt." Karat means cut. Why cut?

    Two parties who would make a covenant would take a fattened animal of the choicest meat from the flock, and cut it into pieces, and lay them on the ground. Then the two parties would pass through the pieces, to symbolically express their dedication to the terms. In other words they were saying that if one doesn't walk through the terms of the agreement; then the offender will end up like the dismembered animal.

    We see an example of this in Jeremiah.

    (CLV) Jer 34:18
    I will make the men, the trespassers of My covenant, who do not carry out the words of the covenant which they contracted before Me, like the calf which they cut in two and passed between its sundered parts,

    (CLV) Jer 34:19
    the chief officials of Judah and the chief officials of Jerusalem, the court officials and the priests and all the people of the land who passed between the sundered parts of the calf.

    (CLV) Jer 34:20
    I will give them into the hand of their enemies and into the hand of those seeking their soul, and their carcasses will be food for the flyer of the heavens and for the beast of the earth.

    Cutting a b'riyt is very much different than an offering of any kind.

    (CLV) Hb 9:18
    Whence neither the first has been dedicated apart from blood.

    Dedicated? What does being dedicated, kadosh, holy, have to do with transgression of YHWH's Torah?

    (CLV) Hb 9:19
    For, every precept being spoken by Moses to the entire people according to the law, taking the blood of calves and of he-goats, with water and scarlet wool and hyssop, he sprinkles both the scroll itself and the entire people,

    This was done when YHWH's people dedicated themselves in covenant to YHWH. Was that a sin?

    (CLV) Ex 24:8
    Now Moses took the blood and sprinkled it on the people and said: Behold the blood of the covenant which Yahweh contracts with you concerning all these words.

    (CLV) Hb 9:20
    saying, This is the blood of the covenant which God directs for you.

    The author of Hebrews confirms the obvious.

    (CLV) Hb 9:21
    Now the tabernacle also, and all the vessels of the ministry he likewise sprinkles with the blood.

    (CLV) Hb 9:22
    And almost all is being cleansed in blood according to the law, and apart from bloodshedding is coming not pardon.

    It would appear that what the author of Hebrews is telling us here, is that according to the Torah (law), the pardon is not coming until we enter the blood covenant.

    In this chapter we have seen clearly that flour can be brought for a pardon, by those who are in the covenant, and who have inadvertently transgressed YHWH's Torah.
     
    Last edited: Feb 28, 2021
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