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The Sabbath Was Made For Man

Discussion in 'General Theology' started by adam332, Jan 1, 2003.

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  1. adam332

    adam332 Deut. 10:12 And now, Israel, what doth the LORD t

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    The Sabbath Was Made For Man

    Jesus made some very profound comments concerning the seventh day Sabbath, recorded in Matt. 12:1-9, Mark 2:23-28 and Luke 6:1-5. Many claim that these passages prove in some way that the Sabbath is ours to "do with as we see fit". Let’s examine these gospel accounts in context to understand what message Jesus might have been trying to convey.

    • Matt. 12:1-2 At that time Jesus went on the sabbath day through the corn; and his disciples were an hungred, and began to pluck the ears of corn, and to eat. But when the Pharisees saw it, they said unto him, Behold, thy disciples do that which is not lawful to do upon the sabbath day.
    • Mark 2:23-24 And it came to pass, that he went through the corn fields on the sabbath day; and his disciples began, as they went, to pluck the ears of corn. And the Pharisees said unto him, Behold, why do they on the sabbath day that which is not lawful?
    • Luke 6:1 And it came to pass on the second sabbath after the first, that he went through the corn fields; and his disciples plucked the ears of corn, and did eat, rubbing them in their hands. And certain of the Pharisees said unto them, Why do ye that which is not lawful to do on the sabbath days?

    It would be quite notable to mention at this point, that the Israelite scholars had produced volumes upon volumes of restrictions explaining and defining the laws. They had even written volumes explaining the volumes that had already been written. These "additions" that they had made to the laws, contained rules governing almost every conceivable scenario of law breaking, and are called the Mishnah. Jesus said; "...you experts in the law, woe to you, because you load people down with burdens they can hardly carry, and you yourselves will not lift one finger to help them.", (Luke 11:46~NIV).

    It was by these man-made laws that they accused Jesus and His disciples of breaking, not the laws of God. Christ was sure to rebuke their use of this faulty standard of the Pharisee’s doctrines and traditions, over that of God’s laws, (Mat. 15:3, 9, Mark 7:7-8). This is how Christ had addressed their man-made legalistic application; "Howbeit in vain do they worship me, teaching for doctrines the commandments of men. For laying aside the commandment of God, ye hold the tradition of men...", (Mark 7:7-8).

    The Pharisees challenged Jesus because He and the disciples were eating corn from the field on the Sabbath. The Pharisees were essentially accusing them of working on the Sabbath, by viewing their eating as harvesting. But, Christ and His disciples weren’t harvesting the field, nor filling His pockets to feast on later. They were simply eating, which is not unlawful.

    The issue of breaking the Sabbath was a favorite accusation to Christ, by the Pharisees, (Matt. 12:1-8, 10-13, Mark 2:23-28, 3:1-4, Luke 6:1-5, 6-9, 13:14-16, 14:3-5, John 5:10-16, 7:19-23, 9:14-16). Sadly, the Pharisees are not alone in this accusation. Today, many Christians use these same passages as alleged evidence that Christ did break the Sabbath, and many Christians even maintain that this is evidence that Christ sinned.

    Yet, where in the scriptures does it forbid the holy servants of God from "EATING" in a field on the Sabbath? And, if Jesus had broke the Sabbath, then why was He still called sinless years later, (Heb. 4:15, 2Cor. 5:21, 1John 3:5)?

    In order for Jesus to have been sinless means that the Sabbath was not a law, because the gospel tells us; "sin is the transgression of the law", (1John 3:4). We know for a fact that the seventh day Sabbath WAS A LAW, (Exo. 20:8-11, Mat. 12:5). The question remains though; WAS IT STILL A LAW, when they were eating the corn?

    Many have justified the view that Christ broke the Sabbath, (despite the fact that He had only broke man’s law, not God‘s), by claiming that; "Christ fulfilled the seventh day Sabbath and so there was no law". Since they feel there was no law, they maintain there was no sin. It is held by many, that Jesus’ work on Calvary somehow brought an end to the weekly Sabbath, along with the many ceremonial laws. There is much that could be said on that point alone, but we will limit it by keeping the issue in context of these passages. It should be clear, that even if the Sabbath became void in some manner, it would be irrelevant to this study. Simply because, this incident occurred long before Calvary, and Christ’s redemptive work there! Therefore, even if it became obsolete at the cross, that does not justify His actions before the cross!

    So, we know that...

    a. The Sabbath was a law at the time of this incident.

    b. If one breaks the law, it is a sin.

    c. Christ was sinless.

    Therefore, Christ could not have been guilty of breaking the Sabbath!

    • Matt. 12:3-4 But he said unto them, Have ye not read what David did, when he was an hungred, and they that were with him; How he entered into the house of God, and did eat the shewbread, which was not lawful for him to eat, neither for them which were with him, but only for the priests?
    • Mark 2:25-26 And he said unto them, Have ye never read what David did, when he had need, and was an hungred, he, and they that were with him? How he went into the house of God in the days of Abiathar the high priest, and did eat the shewbread, which is not lawful to eat but for the priests, and gave also to them which were with him?
    • Luke 6:3-4 And Jesus answering them said, Have ye not read so much as this, what David did, when himself was an hungred, and they which were with him; How he went into the house of God, and did take and eat the shewbread, and gave also to them that were with him; which it is not lawful to eat but for the priests alone?

    Instead of our Lord responding to these legalistic challenges, He notably ignores the physical accusation of the law breaking and shows that even on a spiritual level He was not breaking the Sabbath. Jesus does this by notably comparing the actions of Himself and the disciples to the actions of David and his men, (1Sam. 21:1-6), thus having the authority of king, high priest, and being holy vessel.

    This is very important concept throughout the New Testament as well as the Old, so please don’t miss what Jesus is saying and showing us how He lived the law and was holy. Just like David and his men who were holy vessels, (1Sam 21:5) and ate of the hallowed shewbread. Christ was spirit filled and walked the law perfectly. Christ did not endorse men to break the letter or spirit of the seventh day Sabbath, by His example in the corn field. As already shown, He never actually broke God’s law to begin with, only man’s law. Instead, He showed us that He walked the law perfectly, like the high priest, and the king that He is, (Mat. 21:5, Rev. 17:14, Heb. 8:1, 9:11).

    This is the same thing He wants for us. Paul tells us that we should; "put on Christ", (Gal. 3:27). John tells us likewise; "every one that doeth righteousness is born of him.", (1John 2:29). The Lord wishes us to be His spirit filled, holy vessels, and high priests walking in His love and His law.

    The Spirit enables us to do naturally, that which is found in the letter, and thus freeing us from the law, (Gal. 5:18). This is what Christ and His disciples, David and His men, and the priests were, they were Holy vessels free from the law. This is the point where the individual is so Spirit filled that they are walking perfectly in the will and Spirit of God, thus allowing them be perfect law keepers, and rendering them free from the law. This is the path that true faith will lead you.

    The law is revealed in the Lord’s character, and we are to be like Him.



    God is good Luke 18:19; law is good Rom.7:12

    God is holy Isa. 5:16; law is holy Rom. 7:12

    God is just Deu. 32:4; law is just Rom. 7:12

    God is spiritual John 4:24; law is spiritual Rom. 7:14

    God is perfect Mat. 5:48; law is perfect Psa. 19:7

    God is love 1John 4:8; law is love Rom. 13:10

    God is righteous Exo. 9:27; law is righteous Psa. 19:9

    God is truth Deu. 32:4; law is truth Psa. 119:42,151

    God is pure 1John 3:3; law is pure Psa. 19:8

    God is unchangeable Mal. 3:6; law is unchangeable Mat. 5:18

    God is eternal Gen. 21:33; law is eternal Psa. 111.7,8

    There are other examples of men breaking the letter of the law, such as God leading His people to destroy wicked nations. Were they guilty of murder because God had them destroy the wicked? Of course not, they were Holy instruments led by God, perfectly aligned to His will.

    No one accused the Priests, Rabbi’s of working on the Sabbath, but why not? That was their profession, so why don’t people consider the command for not working on the Sabbath relevant for preachers? It is the same reason that Christ was illustrating for us! Doing God’s work, and will was always allowed on the Sabbath.

    Continued below....
     
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  2. adam332

    adam332 Deut. 10:12 And now, Israel, what doth the LORD t

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    continued from above....

    • Mat. 12:5-7 Or have ye not read in the law, how that on the sabbath days the priests in the temple profane the sabbath, and are blameless? But I say unto you, That in this place is one greater than the temple. But if ye had known what this meaneth, I will have mercy, and not sacrifice, ye would not have condemned the guiltless.

    Matthew’s account includes this additional example, which is not recorded in the other two gospel accounts. It is interesting to remember that Jesus and His disciples were being accused of unlawfully eating on the Sabbath. In His previous comparison, Jesus used David’s actions, (1Sam. 21:1-6), to focus on the issue of eating. Yet, in this verse, He now uses the actions of the priests, (Num. 28:9), to focus on the issue of the Sabbath. Christ is wisely addressing this accusation by these two examples that these well educated Pharisees were certainly familiar with.

    The priests were instructed in performing specific offerings on the Sabbath; "And on the sabbath day two lambs of the first year without spot, and two tenth deals of flour for a meat offering, mingled with oil, and the drink offering thereof", (Num. 28:9). On the Sabbath day we are not to seek our own will, instead we are to "turn away...from doing thy pleasure on my holy day; and...doing thine own ways", (Isa. 58:13).

    Like the priests, Jesus acted out only His father’s will, (Mat. 26:39-42, Mark 14:36, Luke 11:2, 22:42, John 6:39, Gal. 1:4). Christ said; "I seek not mine own will, but the will of the Father", (John 5:30). Likewise, we are also warned to perform God’s will; "Not every one...shall enter into the kingdom of heaven; but he that doeth the will of my Father which is in heaven.", (Mat. 7:21).

    Christ tells them, "here is one who is greater than the temple", (Mat. 12:6), clearly referring to Himself. In plain English, He’s telling us; "If the priests aren’t guilty of profaning the temple on the Sabbath, then how can one who is greater than the temple be guilty?".

    Then, we see that Jesus, (confirming that He and the disciples had not sinned), says; "if ye had known what this meaneth, I will have mercy, and not sacrifice, ye would not have condemned the guiltless", (Mat. 12:7). Christ makes reference here, (underlined above), to scripture from Hos. 6:6. What He’s trying to express is clear; Showing mercy is a greater offering than what the priests sacrificed to the Lord. In other words, something more Holy overrides the lesser Holy.....

    Christ had already mentioned this to the Pharisees before, "But go ye and learn what that meaneth, I will have mercy, and not sacrifice: for I am not come to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance.", (Mat. 9:13). Also, the psalmist records, "the righteous sheweth mercy", (Psa. 37:21). And, Christ Himself had said; "Blessed are the merciful: for they shall obtain mercy.", (Mat.5:7). Jesus was showing them that not only were they failing to show mercy, but they were condemning people who were not even breaking the law!

    • Mark 2:27 And he said unto them, The sabbath was made for man, and not man for the sabbath:

    Here we have another unique account that is not found in the other two gospels. It is this statement that so much controversy has been founded upon. In order to thoroughly examine this declaration made by Jesus, one should ask some very relative questions.

    Who made the Sabbath?

    It was Christ who made the Sabbath, (Isa. 54:5, Eph. 3:9, John 1:3, 9-10, Heb. 1:2, Col. 1:16-17).

    When was the Sabbath made?

    The Sabbath was made on the seventh day of creation, (Gen. 2:2,3).

    Why was the Sabbath made for man?

    It is a "sign" between the Lord and His people, (Exo. 31:13, Eze. 20:12, 20).

    It is for men to "delight" in honoring the Lord, (Isa. 58:13).

    It is for men to "keep holy", (Exo. 20:8, 31:14, 35:2, Lev. 23:3, Deu. 5:12).

    It is for us to "rest" from our works, (Exo. 16:23, 31:15, 35:2, Lev. 16:31, 23:3, Deu. 5:14, Heb. 4:9).

    It is so that we may be "refreshed", (Exo. 23:12).

    It is so we may be "blessed", (Isa. 56:2).

    With these facts in mind; it is clear that whatever message the Lord is trying to illustrate concerning mans role with the Sabbath, it is one that it was created for. In other words; we see the Lord making direct reference to moment when the Sabbath was made and who it was made for, thus establishing the connection between the two at that time. This means the Lord considers man’s role in the Sabbath the same since creation.

    That fact by itself completely unearths the idea that man can keep the seventh day Sabbath however he chooses, in light of the scripture that clearly illustrates man’s role during that time period, (Exo. 20:8-11). This is also confirmed by the example of priests work in the temple on the Sabbath, that Jesus gave, (Mat. 12:5-7). Christ doesn’t show any change in man’s role with the Sabbath. He instead is illustrating in His 1,500 year old comparison of keeping the Sabbath that it has always been possible to keep it like Him, because it was made for man.

    With all the context and examples shown and applied, we are now ready to make a fair assessment of what Jesus was trying to get across with this one controversial passage, "The sabbath was made for man, and not man for the sabbath". The Sabbath is a Holy day, it has been blessed and sanctified for man. But, Christ wishes us to be Holy and use the Sabbath as a Holy tool with Him. The Sabbath itself can never be more Holy than the faithful servant wielding it! Listen to this....

    Mark 12:33 And to love him with all the heart, and with all the understanding, and with all the soul, and with all the strength, and to love his neighbour as himself, is more than all whole burnt offerings and sacrifices

    That’s it in a nutshell! To truly be Holy is always better than a simulation. Faithful servants can love the Lord and walk in righteousness with the aid of the His Spirit, but to express utter love for God and your fellow man, is to truly be like Christ. This is the Holy vessel, spirit filled, royal priesthood, indwelt, new creature, Holy nation, etc..... that He is emphasizing by His comments on the Sabbath. There is nothing new in His teaching here, but instead it has been here from the beginning.....

    • Matt. 12:8 For the Son of man is Lord even of the sabbath day.
    • Mark 2:28 Therefore the Son of man is Lord also of the sabbath.
    • Luke 6:5 And he said unto them, That the Son of man is Lord also of the sabbath.

    After all that’s been said and seen this is a perfect topper for this passage. Christ still claims ownership of the one and only Holy day that He made for man-kind.

    Exo. 20:10 "But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy God..."

    Lev.23:3 "... the seventh day...it is the sabbath of the LORD ..."

    Deu.5:14 "But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy God..."

    There are still, 15 additional instances which all show clearly that the Christ calls the seventh day "my Sabbath(s)", again laying ownership of only one special day, (Exo. 31:13, Lev. 19:3, 30, 26:2, Isa. 56:4, Eze. 20:12,13,16,20,21,24, 22:8,26, 23:38, 44:24).
     
  3. EPHRIAM777

    EPHRIAM777 A REAL NICE GUY..!

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    Eph writes...

    The sabbath was made for man..and it still is sundown Fri...to sundown Sat..

    Jesus is Lord of the Sabbaths...( plural )

    :)
     
  4. Vill

    Vill New Member

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    EPHRIAM777, how does one keep the Sabbath in parts of the world where there is no sundown for months? In places like Norway, the South poles, etc.

    Vill
     
  5. Andrew

    Andrew Well-Known Member

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    If we want to keep the Sabbath, then keep all the other laws too, we cant pick and choose. ie go back under law.
     
  6. thetruthseeker

    thetruthseeker Member

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    Hi Andrew,

    What do you mean by this?

    Your brother in Christ,
    TheTruthSeeker
     
  7. Andrew

    Andrew Well-Known Member

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    Sorry TruthSeeker, I was just rambling. I thot the posters were telling us to go back under law and observe the Sat Sabbath. :)
     
  8. thetruthseeker

    thetruthseeker Member

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    Hi Andrew,

    Observing the Sabbath frees us.

    James 2:10-12 _For whosoever shall keep the whole law, and yet offend in one point, he is guilty of all. For he that said, Do not commit adultery, said also, Do not kill. Now if thou commit no adultery, yet if thou kill, thou art become a transgressor of the law. _So speak ye, and so do, as they that shall be judged by the law of liberty

    What's being under the law? Please have a look at the link below (4th post).

    http://www.christianforums.com/threads/23454-3.html

    Your brother in Christ,
    TheTruthSeeker
     
  9. Andrew

    Andrew Well-Known Member

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    truthseeker,

    I'm a little lost. are you saying Christians should observe the Sabbath like the Jews do ie 6pm Fri to 6pm Sat? or are u talking abt Sunday worship?

    7 and if the ministration of the death, in letters, engraved in stones, [10 Commandments] came in glory, so that the sons of Israel were not able to look stedfastly to the face of Moses, because of the glory of his face--which was being made useless,
    8 how shall the ministration of the Spirit not be more in glory?
    9 for if the ministration of the condemnation is glory, much more doth the ministration of the righteousness abound in glory;
    10 for also even that which hath been glorious, hath not been glorious--in this respect, because of the superior glory;
    11 for if that [10 Commandments] which is being made useless/done away with is through glory, much more that which is remaining is in glory.
     
  10. thetruthseeker

    thetruthseeker Member

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    Hi Andrew,

    Please give the source of your verses. For example, the book and chapter.

    Your brother in Christ,
    TheTruthSeeker
     
  11. EPHRIAM777

    EPHRIAM777 A REAL NICE GUY..!

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  12. Andrew

    Andrew Well-Known Member

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    Ooopps sorry. Its 2 Corinthians 3. [KJV]
     
  13. Vill

    Vill New Member

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    Hello EPHRIAM777,

    Thank you for your reply, it gives me a little bid more concerning this question.

    I have found it uneasy to handly this question especially from a biblical perspective.

    Do you have any idea if the bible has any light on this question?

    Vill.
     
  14. thetruthseeker

    thetruthseeker Member

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    Hi Vil,

    Keep in mind that the North and South Poles probably existed after Adam and Eve sinned. It seemed to me that these places where not intended to be inhabited--at least not without artificial technology.

    The Bible says:

    Daniel 12:4 _But thou, O Daniel, shut up the words, and seal the book, even to the time of the end: many shall run to and fro, and knowledge shall be increased.

    According to the prophecies of Daniel, I really believe that we are living in the last days. The comfortable habitation in those extreme environments definately affirm this.

    However, you are there, now.

    One of the characteristics of the Sabbath is that its duration is 24 hours--sunset to sunset. If I were in the same situation as you, I would follow the Sabbath schedule of a city on the mainland at the same longitude as you. In other words, the Sabbath schedule of the mainland city would become your "24 hours."

    I hope this helps.

    Your brother in Christ,
    TheTruthSeeker
     
  15. Vill

    Vill New Member

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    Thank you TheTruthSeeker for you help, and if anything more comes up in the future concerning this question, please don't hesitate to let me know.

    Vill.
     
  16. thetruthseeker

    thetruthseeker Member

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    Hi Vill,

    Your welcome, Vill. :)

    Your brother in Christ,
    TheTruthSeeker
     
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