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Last Week of Jesus - the events & Trials, Crucifixion, Death, Burial, Resurrection.

Discussion in 'New Adventist / Bible Study' started by Shiny Gospel Shoes, Nov 28, 2013.

  1. Shiny Gospel Shoes

    Shiny Gospel Shoes Active Member

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    Last Week of Jesus - the events & Trials, Crucifixion, Death, Burial, Resurrection.

    Jesus Christ was indeed crucified in the Year AD 31, the 1st Month Nisan/Aviv, the 14th Day, being the 6th day of the week, the preparation, the Passover Feast, and died approx. at the hour of 3 PM at the time evening sacrifice, a few short hours before sunset, was buried and rested the 7th Day Sabbath [15th], being both the Creation Sabbath and Feastal sabbath that year combined, and He resurrected very early the First day of the week [16th].

    Year: 31 AD [see late 457 BC, + 486 1/2 of the 490/2,300, [+1, no year 0]
    Month: 1st, Nisan/Aviv
    Day: 14th, Passover Feast, being the 6th Day [of the week], the preparation
    Hour: About the Ninth Hour, or 3PM, time of the evening Sacrifice

    There is of course another mention of another time, in relation, being given in Revelation 9:15, which speaks of the exact moment of "an hour, and a day, and a month, and a year" and perhaps another time, we may come to this, but not now, not this thread.

    The direct answer for this question, as to when did Jesus die, and all of the above cross-time statements, are directly found in the Pages of Scripture [Type in the OT, Prophecy and Gospels], and also the Spirit of Prophecy, especially the Book Desire of Ages [read chapters 62-82, specifically to see the exact timeframes]

    www . connectingwithjesus . org/media/DA . pdf

    Let's take a look at the background to all of this.

    Now, let us consider that in the very week leading up to the Passover itself, from the very day that Jesus left Bethany [where He had rested the 7th Day Sabbath of the Lord thy God, six days before the Passover; John 12:1] and coming into and entering Jerusalem, in the Triumphal Entry [Matthew 21:1], being the First Day of the Week towards the setting of the sun [Mark 11:11], Jesus was in the Temple on several days [Day 1, 2, 3] in a row:

    [Jesus is coming from Bethany, where He had rested on the 7th Day Sabbath at Lazarus' house, now to Jerusalem on the First day of the week, and thus picks up where Matthew and Mark come in.]

    And the Jews' passover was nigh at hand: and many went out of the country up to Jerusalem before the passover, to purify themselves. John 11:55

    [For the Passover, see Exodus 12:1-14; Leviticus 23:4-9; etc]

    Then sought they for Jesus, and spake among themselves, as they stood in the temple, What think ye, that he will not come to the feast? John 11:56

    Now both the chief priests and the Pharisees had given a commandment, that, if any man knew where he were, he should shew it, that they might take him. John 11:57

    Then Jesus six days before the passover came to Bethany, where Lazarus was which had been dead, whom he raised from the dead. John 12:1

    On the next day much people that were come to the feast, when they heard that Jesus was coming to Jerusalem, John 12:12

    Took branches of palm trees, and went forth to meet him, and cried, Hosanna: Blessed is the King of Israel that cometh in the name of the Lord. John 12:13

    [First Day of the Week, the Triumphal Entry at the near the setting of the Sun]

    [Note for times, keep an eye on when Jesus is entering and leaving the city, and speaking in the Temple, for one must have all 4 Gospels open and consulted together to see this.]

    And when he was come into Jerusalem, all the city was moved, saying, Who is this? Matthew 21:10

    And Jesus entered into Jerusalem, and into the temple: and when he had looked round about upon all things, and now the eventide was come, he went out unto Bethany with the twelve. Mark 11:11

    [Second Day of the Week, casting out the Moneychangers; 2nd Cleansing of the Temple at the end of His Ministry]

    And Jesus went into the temple of God, and cast out all them that sold and bought in the temple, and overthrew the tables of the moneychangers, and the seats of them that sold doves, Matthew 21:12

    And said unto them, It is written, My house shall be called the house of prayer; but ye have made it a den of thieves. Matthew 21:13

    And he left them, and went out of the city into Bethany; and he lodged there. Matthew 21:17

    And on the morrow, when they were come from Bethany, he was hungry: Mark 11:12

    And they come to Jerusalem: and Jesus went into the temple, and began to cast out them that sold and bought in the temple, and overthrew the tables of the moneychangers, and the seats of them that sold doves; Mark 11:15

    And would not suffer that any man should carry any vessel through the temple. Mark 11:16

    And he taught, saying unto them, Is it not written, My house shall be called of all nations the house of prayer? but ye have made it a den of thieves. Mark 11:17

    And when even was come, he went out of the city. Mark 11:19

    [Third Day of the Week, the Last Confrontation between Jesus and the Priests, being before two days before the Passover Matthew 26:2; Mark 14;1]

    Now in the morning as he returned into the city, he hungered. Matthew 21:18

    And when he was come into the temple, the chief priests and the elders of the people came unto him as he was teaching, and said, By what authority doest thou these things? and who gave thee this authority? Matthew 21:23

    And in the morning, as they passed by, they saw the fig tree dried up from the roots. Mark 11:20

    And they come again to Jerusalem: and as he was walking in the temple, there come to him the chief priests, and the scribes, and the elders, Mark 11:27

    Additionally, the Spirit of Prophecy, which includes the Desire of Ages and the Great Controversy, etc., confirm the above time line and are in perfect harmony with the Scripture, please see the Desire of Ages references cited for the clearest time line.

    We may therefore conclude that when Jesus was on His last day [Third Day of the Week] of teaching in the Temple, it was just before two days before the Passover [Matthew 26:1-2; Mark 14:1; Luke 21:37-38, 22:1], and He having taught already two consecutive days in the Temple, prior [on the First [Triumphal Entry] and Second Days of the Week [Casting out the Moneychangers]]:

    O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, thou that killest the prophets, and stonest them which are sent unto thee, how often would I have gathered thy children together, even as a hen gathereth her chickens under her wings, and ye would not! Matthew 23:37

    Behold, your house is left unto you desolate. Matthew 23:38

    For I say unto you, Ye shall not see me henceforth, till ye shall say, Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord. Matthew 23:39

    And he said unto them, Go ye, and tell that fox, Behold, I cast out devils, and I do cures to day and to morrow, and the third day I shall be perfected. Luke 13:32

    Nevertheless I must walk to day, and to morrow, and the day following: for it cannot be that a prophet perish out of Jerusalem. Luke 13:33

    O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, which killest the prophets, and stonest them that are sent unto thee; how often would I have gathered thy children together, as a hen doth gather her brood under her wings, and ye would not! Luke 13:34

    Behold, your house is left unto you desolate: and verily I say unto you, Ye shall not see me, until the time come when ye shall say, Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord. Luke 13:35

    Thus from Tuesday [Third Day of the Week] was the “to day” and Wednesday [Fourth Day of the Week] was the “to morrow” and Thursday [Fifth Day of the Week] was the “third [day]” when Jesus would finally be finished [“perfected” [Strong's Concordance; G5048; τελειόω] which is completed, finished] working the miracles [“cast out devils” and “do cures”] and thus enter into His final experiences as mortal man, Thursday night, unto Friday [Sixth Day of the Week] be buried Sabbath [Seventh Day of the Week] and resurrect Sunday [First Day of the Week].

    The Last Miracle Jesus did before His death, was the healing of the High Priest's servants ear, the very night He was betrayed:

    And Jesus answered and said, Suffer ye thus far. And he touched his ear, and healed him. Luke 22:51

    This is where Jesus stated that He had recently been with them, teaching "daily" in the Temple:

    In that same hour said Jesus to the multitudes, Are ye come out as against a thief with swords and staves for to take me? I sat daily with you teaching in the temple, and ye laid no hold on me. Matthew 26:55

    I was daily with you in the temple teaching, and ye took me not: but the scriptures must be fulfilled. Mark 14:49

    And he taught daily in the temple. But the chief priests and the scribes and the chief of the people sought to destroy him, Luke 19:47

    When I was daily with you in the temple, ye stretched forth no hands against me: but this is your hour, and the power of darkness. Luke 22:53

    Jesus answered him, I spake openly to the world; I ever taught in the synagogue, and in the temple, whither the Jews always resort; and in secret have I said nothing. John 18:20

    Even the Disciples carried this practice forward after Pentecost, at least for a short while:

    And they, continuing daily with one accord in the temple, and breaking bread from house to house, did eat their meat with gladness and singleness of heart, Acts 2:46

    And daily in the temple, and in every house, they ceased not to teach and preach Jesus Christ. Acts 5:42

    The Spirit of Prophecy, even the Desire of Ages, now sets the timeline perfectly, as already noted above:

    "This chapter is based on Matthew 26:6-13; Mark 14:3-11; Luke 7:36-50; John 11:55-57; John 12:1-11.

    Simon of Bethany was accounted a disciple of Jesus. He was one of the few Pharisees who had openly joined Christ’s followers. He acknowledged Jesus as a teacher, and hoped that He might be the Messiah, but he had not accepted Him as a Saviour. His character was not transformed; his principles were unchanged.

    Simon had been healed of the leprosy, and it was this that had drawn him to Jesus. He desired to show his gratitude, and at Christ’s last visit to Bethany he made a feast for the Saviour and His disciples. This feast brought together many of the Jews. There was at this time much excitement at Jerusalem. Christ and His mission were attracting greater attention than ever before. Those who had come to the feast closely watched His movements, and some of them with unfriendly eyes.

    The Saviour had reached Bethany only six days before the Passover, and according to His custom had sought rest at the home of Lazarus. The crowds of travelers who passed on to the city spread the tidings that He was on His way to Jerusalem, and that He would rest over the Sabbath at Bethany. Among the people there was great enthusiasm. Many flocked to Bethany, some out of sympathy with Jesus, and others from curiosity to see one who had been raised from the dead.

    Many expected to hear from Lazarus a wonderful account of scenes witnessed after death. They were surprised that he told them nothing.” [The Desire of Ages, Chapter 63, "Thy King Cometh", Page 557] -text . egwwritings . org/publication.php?pubtype=Book&bookCode=DA&lang=en&collection=2&section=all&pagenumber=557

    See also the same references in the following, thus we have the start of the timeline, as noted above, in perfect harmony with Scripture:

    [The Spirit of Prophecy Volume 2, p. 372.1]

    text . egwwritings . org/publication.php?pubtype=Book&bookCode=2SP&lang=en&collection=2&section=all&pagenumber=372&QUERY=feast+sabbath&resultId=1

    [The Spirit of Prophecy Volume 3, p. 186.3 (1)]

    text . egwwritings . org/publication.php?pubtype=Book&bookCode=3SP&lang=en&collection=2&section=all&pagenumber=186&QUERY=feast+sabbath&resultId=3

    [ST October 9, 1879, par. 1]

    text . egwwritings . org/publication.php?pubtype=Periodical&bookCode=ST&lang=en&collection=2&section=all&QUERY=feast+sabbath&resultId=7&year=1879&month=October&day=9

    [Redemption: or the Teachings of Christ, the Anointed One, p. 105.1]

    text . egwwritings . org/publication.php?pubtype=Book&bookCode=4Red&lang=en&collection=2&section=all&pagenumber=105&QUERY=feast+sabbath&resultId=15

    Now, let us corroborate what we have here from Scripture with the Spirit of Prophecy more specifically. Then we will move back to Scripture, then back to the SoP again and again until we are finished.
     
    Last edited: Nov 28, 2013
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  2. Shiny Gospel Shoes

    Shiny Gospel Shoes Active Member

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    Let us now confirm from The Desire of Ages, already being given the beginning point from the Scriptures and the Spirit of Prophecy from before.

    Large sections from The Desire of Ages will now be cited verbatim. if one does not desire to read the context, simply jump to each highlighted portion while reading the heading given by myself. Why is this amount given? To cause to cease a distraction from the Truth of the events, and that there might be perfect unity in that Truth, all built upon the Rock.

    The references will be from the book The Desire of Ages, unless otherwise noted specifically, at which time a new link will be immediately cited for the singular quotations, at which point the citations will move back to the Desire of Ages:

    But the chief priests consulted that they might put Lazarus also to death; John 12:10

    Because that by reason of him many of the Jews went away, and believed on Jesus. John 12:11

    [Judas, leaves Simon's House that Seventh Day Sabbath, and goes to Jerusalem, even to the Palace of the High Priest, to strike a deal to betray Jesus, with the Pharisees and Council, that were already in meeting that very night, on the Seventh Day Sabbath of the Lord thy God, they plotted murder!]


    “...But the look which Jesus cast upon Judas convinced him that the Saviour penetrated his hypocrisy, and read his base, contemptible character. And in commending Mary’s action, which had been so severely condemned, Christ had rebuked Judas. Prior to this, the Saviour had never given him a direct rebuke. Now the reproof rankled in his heart. He determined to be revenged. From the supper he went directly to [Page 563-564] the palace of the high priest, where he found the council assembled, and he offered to betray Jesus into their hands.

    The priests were greatly rejoiced. These leaders of Israel had been given the privilege of receiving Christ as their Saviour, without money and without price. But they refused the precious gift offered them in the most tender spirit of constraining love. They refused to accept that salvation which is of more value than gold, and bought their Lord for thirty pieces of silver. ...” [The Desire of Ages, Page 563-564]

    [Jesus, on a Colt, led by Lazarus, enters Jerusalem in the Triumphal Entry on the First Day of the Week]

    “This chapter is based on Matthew 21:1-11; Mark 11:1-10; Luke 19:29-44; John 12:12-19.

    “Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion; shout, O daughter of Jerusalem: behold, thy King cometh unto thee: He is just, and having salvation; lowly, and riding upon an ass, and upon a colt the foal of an ass.” Zechariah 9:9.
    Five hundred years before the birth of Christ, the prophet Zechariah thus foretold the coming of the King to Israel. This prophecy is now to be fulfilled. He who has so long refused royal honors now comes to Jerusalem as the promised heir to David’s throne.

    It was on the first day of the week that Christ made His triumphal entry into Jerusalem. Multitudes who had flocked to see Him at Bethany now accompanied Him, eager to witness His reception. Many people were on their way to the city to keep the Passover, and these joined the multitude attending Jesus. All nature seemed to rejoice. The trees were clothed with verdure, and their blossoms shed a delicate fragrance on the air. A new life and joy animated the people. The hope of the new kingdom was again springing up.

    Purposing to ride into Jerusalem, Jesus had sent two of His disciples to bring to Him an ass and its colt. At His birth the Saviour was dependent upon the hospitality of strangers. The manger in which He lay was a borrowed resting place. Now, although the cattle on a thousand hills are His, He is dependent on a stranger’s kindness for an animal on [page 569-570] which to enter Jerusalem as its King. But again His divinity is revealed, even in the minute directions given His disciples for this errand. As He foretold, the plea, “The Lord hath need of them,” was readily granted. Jesus chose for His use the colt on which never man had sat. The disciples, with glad enthusiasm, spread their garments on the beast, and seated their Master upon it.

    Heretofore Jesus had always traveled on foot, and the disciples had at first wondered that He should now choose to ride. But hope brightened in their hearts with the joyous thought that He was about to enter the capital, proclaim Himself King, and assert His royal power. While on their errand they communicated their glowing expectations to the friends of Jesus, and the excitement spread far and near, raising the expectations of the people to the highest pitch.

    Christ was following the Jewish custom for a royal entry. The animal on which He rode was that ridden by the kings of Israel, and prophecy had foretold that thus the Messiah should come to His kingdom. No sooner was He seated upon the colt than a loud shout of triumph rent the air. The multitude hailed Him as Messiah, their King. Jesus now accepted the homage which He had never before permitted, and the disciples received this as proof that their glad hopes were to be realized by seeing Him established on the throne. The multitude were convinced that the hour of their emancipation was at hand. In imagination they saw the Roman armies driven from Jerusalem, and Israel once more an independent nation. All were happy and excited; the people vied with one another in paying Him homage.

    They could not display outward pomp and splendor, but they gave Him the worship of happy hearts. They were unable to present Him with costly gifts, but they spread their outer garments as a carpet in His path, and they also strewed the leafy branches of the olive and the palm in the way. They could lead the triumphal procession with no royal standards, but they cut down the spreading palm boughs, Nature’s emblem of victory, and waved them aloft with loud acclamations and hosannas.

    As they proceeded, the multitude was continually increased by those who had heard of the coming of Jesus and hastened to join the procession. Spectators were constantly mingling with the throng, and asking, Who is this? What does all this commotion signify? They had all heard of Jesus, and expected Him to go to Jerusalem; but they knew that He had heretofore discouraged all effort to place Him on the throne, and they were greatly astonished to learn that this was He. They wondered what could have wrought this change in Him who had declared that His kingdom was not of this world.

    Their questionings are silenced by a shout of triumph. Again and again it is repeated by the eager throng; it is taken up by the people afar off, and echoed from the surrounding hills and valleys. And now the procession is joined by crowds from Jerusalem. From the multitudes gathered to attend the Passover, thousands go forth to welcome Jesus. They greet Him with the waving of palm branches and a burst of sacred song. The priests at the temple sound the trumpet for evening service, but there are few to respond, and the rulers say to one another in alarm. “The world is gone after Him.”

    Never before in His earthly life had Jesus permitted such a demonstration. He clearly foresaw the result. It would bring Him to the cross. But it was His purpose thus publicly to present Himself as the Redeemer. He desired to call attention to the sacrifice that was to crown His mission to a fallen world. While the people were assembling at Jerusalem to celebrate the Passover, He, the antitypical Lamb, by a voluntary act set Himself apart as an oblation. It would be needful for His church in all succeeding ages to make His death for the sins of the world a subject of deep thought and study.

    Every fact connected with it should be verified beyond a doubt. It was necessary, then, that the eyes of all people should now be directed to Him; the events which preceded His great sacrifice must be such as to call attention to the sacrifice itself. After such a demonstration as that attending His entry into Jerusalem, all eyes would follow His rapid progress to the final scene. ...” [The Desire of Ages, Page 569-571]

    [Lazarus leads the Colt upon which Jesus rides]

    “...Never before had the world seen such a triumphal procession. It was not like that of the earth’s famous conquerors. No train of mourning captives, as trophies of kingly valor, made a feature of that scene. But about the Saviour were the glorious trophies of His labors of love for sinful man. There were the captives whom He had rescued from Satan’s power, praising God for their deliverance. The blind whom He had restored to sight were leading the way. The dumb whose tongues He had loosed shouted the loudest hosannas. The cripples whom He had healed bounded with joy, and were the most active in breaking the palm branches and waving them before the Saviour. Widows and orphans were exalting the name of Jesus for His works of mercy to them. The lepers whom He had cleansed spread their untainted garments in His path, and hailed Him as the King of glory. Those whom His voice had awakened from the sleep of death were in that throng. Lazarus, whose body had seen corruption in the grave, but who now rejoiced in the strength of glorious manhood, led the beast on which the Saviour rode. ...” [The Desire of Ages, Page 572]

    [Still the First Day of the Week when Jesus approaches the Temple, sun going down]

    “...When the procession reached the brow of the hill, and was about to descend into the city, Jesus halted, and all the multitude with Him. Before them lay Jerusalem in its glory, now bathed in the light of the declining sun. The temple attracted all eyes. In stately grandeur it towered above all else, seeming to point toward heaven as if directing the people to the only true and living God. The temple had long been the pride and glory of the Jewish nation. The Romans also prided themselves in its magnificence. A king appointed by the Romans had united with the Jews to rebuild and embellish it, and the emperor of Rome had enriched it with his gifts. Its strength, richness, and magnificence had made it one of the wonders of the world.

    While the westering sun was tinting and gilding the heavens, its resplendent glory lighted up the pure white marble of the temple walls, and sparkled on its gold-capped pillars. From the crest of the hill where Jesus and His followers stood, it had the appearance of a massive structure of snow, set with golden pinnacles. At the entrance to the temple was a vine of gold and silver, with green leaves and massive clusters of grapes executed by the most skillful artists. This design represented Israel as a prosperous vine. The gold, silver, and living green were combined with rare taste and exquisite workmanship; as it twined gracefully about the white and glistening pillars, clinging with shining tendrils to their golden ornaments, it caught the splendor of the setting sun, shining as if with a glory borrowed from heaven. ...” [The Desire of Ages, Page 575]

    [Still the First Day of the Week when Jesus approaches the Temple, sun going down]

    “...While the last rays of the setting sun were lingering on temple, tower, and pinnacle, would not some good angel lead her to the Saviour’s love, and avert her doom? Beautiful and unholy city, that had stoned the prophets, that had rejected the Son of God, that was locking herself by her impenitence in fetters of bondage,—her day of mercy was almost spent!

    Yet again the Spirit of God speaks to Jerusalem. Before the day is done, another testimony is borne to Christ. The voice of witness is lifted up, responding to the call from a prophetic past. If Jerusalem will hear the call, if she will receive the Saviour who is entering her gates, she may yet be saved. ...” [The Desire of Ages, Page 578]

    [Jesus approaches the Temple, still on the First Day of the Week, sun setting, then leaves with the Disciples to Bethany, [First Day becomes Second Day at sunset, evening] where Jesus spends all night in prayer, and comes back to the Temple in the morning of the Second Day of the Week]

    “...They represented that He was about to take possession of the temple, and reign as king in Jerusalem. …

    ...Meanwhile Jesus passed unnoticed to the temple. All was quiet there, for the scene upon Olivet had called away the people. For a short time Jesus remained at the temple, looking upon it with sorrowful eyes. Then He withdrew with His disciples, and returned to Bethany. When the people sought for Him to place Him on the throne, He was not to be found.

    The entire night Jesus spent in prayer, and in the morning He came again to the temple. On the way He passed a fig orchard. He was hungry, “and seeing a fig tree afar off having leaves, He came, if haply He might find anything thereon: and when He came to it, He found nothing but leaves; for the time of figs was not yet.” ...” [The Desire of Ages, Page 581]
     
  3. Shiny Gospel Shoes

    Shiny Gospel Shoes Active Member

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    [Jesus, coming from Bethany, approaches the Temple for the second time. In the morning of the Second Day of the Week, Jesus seeing a fruitless fig tree, curses it.]

    “Christ uttered against it a withering curse. “No man eat fruit of thee hereafter forever,” He said. The next morning, as the Saviour and His disciples were again on their way to the city, the blasted branches and drooping leaves attracted their attention. “Master,” said Peter, “behold, the fig tree which Thou cursedst is withered away.” ...” [The Desire of Ages, Page 582]

    [Jesus enters the Temple again, and cleanses it for the second time, on the Second Day of the Week.]

    “This chapter is based on Matthew 21:12-16, 23-46; Mark 11:15-19, 27-33; Mark 12:1-12; Luke 19:45-48; Luke 20:1-19.

    At the beginning of His ministry, Christ had driven from the temple those who defiled it by their unholy traffic; and His stern and godlike demeanor had struck terror to the hearts of the scheming traders. At the close of His mission He came again to the temple, and found it still desecrated as before. The condition of things was even worse than before. The outer court of the temple was like a vast cattle yard. With the cries of the animals and the sharp chinking of coin was mingled the sound of angry altercation between traffickers, and among them were heard the voices of men in sacred office. The dignitaries of the temple were themselves engaged in buying and selling and the exchange of money. So completely were they controlled by their greed of gain that in the sight of God they were no better than thieves. ...” [The Desire of Ages, Page 589]

    [Jesus in the Temple, cleanses it, and the sick and lame come in, and some time [“a season”] passes on the Second Day of the Week, which another reference shows that this event takes place the very next day after the day of shouting Hosannas in Jesus' Triumphal Entry into Jerusalem, which happened on the First Day of the Week.]

    “...On the way from the temple they were met by a throng who came with their sick inquiring for the Great Healer. The report given by the fleeing people caused some of these to turn back. They feared to meet One so powerful, whose very look had driven the priests and rulers from His presence. But a large number pressed through the hurrying crowd, eager to reach Him who was their only hope. When the multitude fled from the temple, many had remained behind. These were now joined by the newcomers. Again the temple court was filled by the sick and the dying, and once more Jesus ministered to them.

    After a season the priests and rulers ventured back to the temple. When the panic had abated, they were seized with anxiety to know what would be the next movement of Jesus. They expected Him to take the throne of David. Quietly returning to the temple, they heard the voices of men, women, and children praising God. Upon entering, they stood transfixed before the wonderful scene. They saw the sick healed, the blind restored to sight, and deaf receive their hearing, and the crippled leap for joy. The children were foremost in the rejoicing. Jesus had healed their maladies; He had clasped them in His arms, received their kisses of grateful affection, and some of them had fallen asleep upon His breast as He was teaching the people. Now with glad voices the children sounded His praise. They repeated the hosannas of the day before, and waved palm branches triumphantly before the Saviour. The temple echoed and re-echoed with their acclamations, “Blessed be He that cometh in the name of the Lord!” “Behold, thy King cometh unto thee; He is just, and having salvation!” Psalm 118:26; Zechariah 9:9. “Hosanna to the Son of David!” ...” [The Desire of Ages, Page 592]

    [Jesus is in the Temple, and was not taken, due to the people surrounding Him, which the Rulers feared. They could not take Him until Judas made a deal to betray Him, as foretold. The Pharisees could do nothing that day, the Second Day of the Week, and so a day passes, and the next morning comes, being the Third Day of the Week, where we find again find Jesus in the Temple teaching again, now having taught the 1st, 2nd and 3rd Days of the Week.]

    “...The Pharisees were utterly perplexed and disconcerted. One whom they could not intimidate was in command. Jesus had taken His position as guardian of the temple. Never before had He assumed such kingly authority. Never before had His words and works possessed so great power. He had done marvelous works throughout Jerusalem, but never before in a manner so solemn and impressive. In presence of the people who had witnessed His wonderful works, the priests and rulers dared not show Him open hostility. Though enraged and confounded by His answer, they were unable to accomplish anything further that day.

    The next morning the Sanhedrin again considered what course to pursue toward Jesus. Three years before, they had demanded a sign of His Messiahship. Since that time He had wrought mighty works throughout the land. He had healed the sick, miraculously fed thousands of people, walked upon the waves, and spoken peace to the troubled sea. He had repeatedly read the hearts of men as an open book; He had cast out demons, and raised the dead. The rulers had before them the evidences of His Messiahship. They now decided to demand no sign of His authority, but to draw out some admission or declaration by which He might be condemned.

    Repairing to the temple where He was teaching, they proceeded to question Him: “By what authority doest Thou these things? and who gave Thee this authority?” They expected Him to claim that His authority was from God. Such an assertion they intended to deny. But Jesus met them with a question apparently pertaining to another subject, and He made His reply to them conditional on their answering this question. “The baptism of John,” He said, “whence was it? from heaven, or of men?” ...” [The Desire of Ages, Page 593]

    [Jesus, is not taken by the Pharisees, for fear of the multitude, still in the Temple, Third Day of the Week.]


    “...The hearers recognized the warning. But notwithstanding the sentence they themselves had pronounced, the priests and rulers were ready to fill out the picture by saying, “This is the heir; come, let us kill him.” “But when they sought to lay hands on Him, they feared the multitude,” for the public sentiment was in Christ’s favor. ...” [The Desire of Ages, Page 597]

    [A further reference to the First Day of the Week, when Jesus entered Jerusalem, and taught in the Temple]


    “...The Pharisees had gathered close about Jesus as He answered the question of the scribe. Now turning He put a question to them: “What think ye of Christ? whose son is He?” This question was designed to test their belief concerning the Messiah,—to show whether they regarded Him simply as a man or as the Son of God. A chorus of voices answered, “The Son of David.” This was the title which prophecy had given to the Messiah. When Jesus revealed His divinity by His mighty miracles, when He healed the sick and raised the dead, the people had inquired among themselves, “Is not this the Son of David?” The Syrophoenician woman, blind Bartimaeus, and many others had cried to Him for help, “Have mercy on me, O Lord, Thou Son of David.” Matthew 15:22.

    While riding into Jerusalem He had been hailed with the [page 608-609] joyful shout, “Hosanna to the Son of David: Blessed is He that cometh in the name of the Lord.” Matthew 21:9. And the little children in the temple had that day echoed the glad ascription. But many who called Jesus the Son of David did not recognize His divinity. They did not understand that the Son of David was also the Son of God. ...” [The Desire of Ages, Pages 608-609]

    [Jesus teaching in the Temple, still the Third Day of the Week, and from that Day forward, they asked Him no more questions. See also the Desire of Ages, Page 725, “Only a few days before this the Pharisees had tried to entrap Christ with the question, “Is it lawful for us to give tribute unto Caesar?””]

    “...In reply to the statement that Christ was the Son of David, Jesus said, “How then doth David in Spirit [the Spirit of Inspiration from God] call Him Lord, saying, The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit Thou on My right hand, till I make Thine enemies Thy footstool? If David then call Him Lord, how is He his son? And no man was able to answer Him a word, neither durst any man from that day forth ask Him any more questions.” ...” [The Desire of Ages, Page 609]

    [The Third Day of the Week, is the Last Day of Christ's teaching in the temple, which He had been doing for the previous days of the Week; 1st, 2nd, 3rd.]

    “This chapter is based on Matthew 23; Mark 12:41-44; Luke 20:45-47; Luke 21:1-4.

    It was the last day of Christ’s teaching in the temple. Of the vast throngs that were gathered at Jerusalem, the attention of all had been attracted to Him; the people had crowded the temple courts, watching the contest that had been in progress, and they eagerly caught every word that fell from His lips. Never before had such a scene been witnessed. There stood the young Galilean, bearing no earthly honor or royal badge.

    Surrounding Him were priests in their rich apparel, rulers with robes and badges significant of their exalted station, and scribes with scrolls in their hands, to which they made frequent reference. Jesus stood calmly before them, with the dignity of a king. As one invested with the authority of heaven, He looked unflinchingly upon His adversaries, who had rejected and despised His teachings, and who thirsted for His life. They had assailed Him in great numbers, but their schemes to ensnare and condemn Him had been in vain. Challenge after challenge He had met, presenting the pure, bright truth in contrast to the darkness and errors of the priests and Pharisees. He had set before these leaders their real condition, and the retribution sure to follow persistence in their evil deeds. The warning had been faithfully given. ...” [The Desire of Ages, Page 610]

    [Jesus is still in the court of the Temple on the Third Day of the Week, when the woman with the Two Mites comes in.]

    “... Jesus was in the court where were the treasure chests, and He watched those who came to deposit their gifts. Many of the rich brought large sums, which they presented with great ostentation. Jesus looked upon them sadly, but made no comment on their liberal offerings. Presently His countenance lighted as He saw a poor widow approach hesitatingly, as though fearful of being observed. As the rich and haughty swept by, to deposit their offerings, she shrank back as if hardly daring to venture farther. And yet she longed to do something, little though it might be, for the cause she loved. She looked at the gift in her hand. It was very small in comparison with the gifts of those around her, yet it was her all.” [The Desire of Ages, Page 614]

    [Jesus, the victor, begins to leave the Temple, “Behold your house is left to you desolate.”, The Third Day of the Week.]

    “...Divine pity marked the countenance of the Son of God as He cast one lingering look upon the temple and then upon His hearers. In a voice choked by deep anguish of heart and bitter tears He exclaimed, “O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, thou that killest the prophets, and stonest them which are sent unto thee, how often would I have gathered thy children together, even as a hen gathereth her chickens under her wings, and ye would not!” This is the separation struggle. In the lamentation of Christ the very heart of God is pouring itself forth. It is the mysterious farewell of the long-suffering love of the Deity.

    Pharisees and Sadducees were alike silenced. Jesus summoned His disciples, and prepared to leave the temple, not as one defeated and forced from the presence of his adversaries, but as one whose work was accomplished. He retired a victor from the contest. ...” [The Desire of Ages, Page 620]
     
  4. Shiny Gospel Shoes

    Shiny Gospel Shoes Active Member

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    [Jesus, now rejected, is approached by Phillip and Andrew about Greeks desiring to see Jesus, the same Third Day of the Week, while Jesus is still in the inner area of the Temple. Jesus moves out of the inner area of the Temple and goes to the outer court.]

    “Chapter 68—In the Outer Court

    This chapter is based on John 12:20-42.

    “And there were certain Greeks among them that came up to worship at the feast: the same came therefore to Philip, which was of Bethsaida of Galilee, and desired him, saying, Sir, we would see Jesus. Philip cometh and telleth Andrew: and again Andrew and Philip tell Jesus.”

    At this time Christ’s work bore the appearance of cruel defeat. He had been victor in the controversy with the priests and Pharisees, but it was evident that He would never be received by them as the Messiah. The final separation had come. To His disciples the case seemed hopeless. But Christ was approaching the consummation of His work. The great event which concerned not only the Jewish nation, but the whole world, was about to take place. When Christ heard the eager request, “We would see Jesus,” echoing the hungering cry of the world, His countenance lighted up, and He said, “The hour is come, that the Son of man should be glorified.” In the request of the Greeks He saw an earnest of the results of His great sacrifice.

    These men came from the West to find the Saviour at the close of His life, as the wise men had come from the East at the beginning. At the time of Christ’s birth the Jewish people were so engrossed with their own ambitious plans that they knew not of His advent. The magi [page 621-622] from a heathen land came to the manger with their gifts, to worship the Saviour. So these Greeks, representing the nations, tribes, and peoples of the world, came to see Jesus. So the people of all lands and all ages would be drawn by the Saviour’s cross. So shall many “come from the east and west, and shall sit down with Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob, in the kingdom of heaven.” Matthew 8:11.

    The Greeks had heard of Christ’s triumphal entry into Jerusalem. Some supposed, and had circulated the report, that He had driven the priests and rulers from the temple, and that He was to take possession of David’s throne, and reign as king of Israel. The Greeks longed to know the truth in regard to His mission. “We would see Jesus,” they said. Their desire was granted. When the request was brought to Jesus, He was in that part of the temple from which all except Jews were excluded, but He went out to the Greeks in the outer court, and had a personal interview with them. ...” [The Desire of Ages, Pages 621-622

    [Jesus, leaves the Temple forever after the voice of the Father is spoken, still the Third Day of the Week.]

    “...Alas for those who knew not the time of their visitation! Slowly and regretfully Christ left forever the precincts of the temple.” [The Desire of Ages, Page 626]

    [Jesus, while leaving behind the Temple, heading to the Mount of Olives to the East of Jerusalem, as in Ezekiel, is pointed to its magnificence in the light of the setting sun, still the Third Day of the Week.]

    “This chapter is based on Matthew 24; Mark 13; Luke 21:5-38.

    Christ’s words to the priests and rulers, “Behold, your house is left unto you desolate” (Matthew 23:38), had struck terror to their hearts. They affected indifference, but the question kept rising in their minds as to the import of these words. An unseen danger seemed to threaten them. Could it be that the magnificent temple, which was the nation’s glory, was soon to be a heap of ruins? The foreboding of evil was shared by the disciples, and they anxiously waited for some more definite statement from Jesus. As they passed with Him out of the temple, they called His attention to its strength and beauty. The stones of the temple were of the purest marble, of perfect whiteness, and some of them of almost fabulous size. A portion of the wall had withstood the siege by Nebuchadnezzar’s army. In its perfect masonry it appeared like one solid stone dug entire from the quarry. How those mighty walls could be overthrown the disciples could not comprehend. ...” [The Desire of Ages, Pages 627]

    [Jesus, is now on the Mount of Olives, having left the Temple behind and the city of Jerusalem, still the Third Day of the Week]

    “Christ’s words had been spoken in the hearing of a large number of people; but when He was alone, Peter, John, James, and Andrew came to Him as He sat upon the Mount of Olives. ...” [The Desire of Ages, Page 628]

    [Jesus, after a long discourse about future events to His disciples, is still on the Mount of Olives, still the Third Day of the Week]

    “This chapter is based on Matthew 25:31-46.

    “When the Son of man shall come in His glory, and all the holy angels with Him, then shall He sit upon the throne of His glory: and before Him shall be gathered all nations: and He shall separate them one from another.” Thus Christ on the Mount of Olives pictured to His disciples the scene of the great judgment day. ...” [The Desire of Ages, Page 637]

    [Jesus is on the Mount of Olives, the Third Day of the Week [Tuesday Afternoon, heading into Evening], being “two days before the Passover”, which took place on the Thursday Afternoon/Night, which is the timeframe of the Fifth Day of the Week, transitioning into the Sixth Day of the Week, at first Evening.]


    “...Two days before the Passover, when Christ had for the last time departed from the temple, after denouncing the hypocrisy of the Jewish rulers, He again went out with His disciples to the Mount of Olives and seated Himself with them upon the grassy slope overlooking the city. Once more He gazed upon its walls, its towers, and its palaces. Once more He beheld the temple in its dazzling splendor, a diadem of beauty crowning the sacred mount. …” [The Great Controversy, Page 23; see also the Spirit of Prophecy, Volume 4, Page 23; see also From Here to Forever, Page 19]

    text . egwwritings . org/publication.php?pubtype=Book&bookCode=GC&lang=en&collection=2&section=all&pagenumber=23

    text . egwwritings . org/publication.php?pubtype=Book&bookCode=4SP&lang=en&collection=2&section=all&pagenumber=23&QUERY=after+two+days+passover&resultId=3

    text . egwwritings . org/publication.php?pubtype=Book&bookCode=HF&lang=en&collection=2&section=all&pagenumber=19&QUERY=after+two+days+passover&resultId=2

    [Jesus, after those two days, then is seen next in the Upper Chamber dwelling in Jerusalem, gathered with His Disciples, celebrating the Passover, at first Evening, now being the Sixth Day of the Week]

    “This chapter is based on Luke 22:7-18, 24; John 13:1-17.

    In the upper chamber of a dwelling at Jerusalem, Christ was sitting at table with His disciples. They had gathered to celebrate the Passover. The Saviour desired to keep this feast alone with the twelve. He knew that His hour was come; He Himself was the true paschal lamb, and on the day the Passover was eaten He was to be sacrificed. He was about to drink the cup of wrath; He must soon receive the final baptism of suffering. But a few quiet hours yet remained to Him, and these were to be spent for the benefit of His beloved disciples.

    The whole life of Christ had been a life of unselfish service. “Not to be ministered unto, but to minister,” (Matthew 20:28), had been the lesson of His every act. But not yet had the disciples learned the lesson. At this last Passover supper, Jesus repeated His teaching by an illustration that impressed it forever on their minds and hearts.

    The interviews between Jesus and His disciples were usually seasons of calm joy, highly prized by them all. The Passover suppers had been scenes of special interest; but upon this occasion Jesus was troubled. His heart was burdened, and a shadow rested upon His countenance.” [The Desire of Ages, Page 642]

    [Jesus, spends precious moments speaking with His Disciples, this Passover Evening, the 14th of Aviv/Nisan, the Sixth Day of the Week, at first Evening]

    “...On this last evening with His disciples, Jesus had much to tell them. If they had been prepared to receive what He longed to impart, they would have been saved from heartbreaking anguish, from disappointment and unbelief. But Jesus saw that they could not bear what He had to say. As He looked into their faces, the words of warning and comfort were stayed upon His lips. Moments passed in silence. Jesus appeared to be waiting. The disciples were ill at ease. The sympathy and tenderness awakened by Christ’s grief seemed to have passed away. His sorrowful words, pointing to His own suffering, had made little impression. The glances they cast upon each other told of jealousy and contention. ...” [The Desire of Ages, Page 642]

    [Judas, before this Passover, and after his first meeting on the Seventh Day Sabbath of the LORD, had met a second time [Matthew 26:2-16] with the Priests and Scribes, see also the Desire of Ages, Page 655, “After he had twice covenanted to betray his Lord ...”, see also the Desire of Ages, Page 716, “A little before the Passover, Judas had renewed his contract with the priests to deliver Jesus into their hands.”, see also the Desire of Ages, Page 720, “Even after he had twice pledged himself to betray the Saviour, there was opportunity for repentance.”]

    “...Before the Passover Judas had met a second time with the priests and scribes, and had closed the contract to deliver Jesus into their hands. ...” [The Desire of Ages, Page 645]

    [Jesus, during the Passover supper, then institutes the Lord's Supper, the same night, the Sixth Day of the Week, at first evening]


    “This chapter is based on Matthew 26:20-29; Mark 14:17-25; Luke 22:14-23; John 13:18-30

    “The Lord Jesus the same night in which He was betrayed took bread: and when He had given thanks, He brake it, and said, Take, eat: this is My body, which is broken for you: this do in remembrance of Me. After the same manner also He took the cup, when He had supped, saying, This cup is the new testament in My blood: this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of Me. For as often as ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye do show the Lord’s death till He come.” 1 Corinthians 11:23-26.

    Christ was standing at the point of transition between two economies and their two great festivals. He, the spotless Lamb of God, was about to present Himself as a sin offering, that He would thus bring to an end the system of types and ceremonies that for four thousand years had pointed to His death. As He ate the Passover with His disciples, He instituted in its place the service that was to be the memorial of His great sacrifice. The national festival of the Jews was to pass away forever. The service which Christ established was to be observed by His followers in all lands and through all ages. ...” [The Desire of Ages, Page 652]

    [At the Passover supper, Judas, is the discovered Betrayer, he flees into the Night, being still the Sixth Day of the Week, at Night]

    “...In surprise and confusion at the exposure of his purpose, Judas rose hastily to leave the room. “Then said Jesus unto him, That thou doest, do quickly.... He then having received the sop went immediately out: and it was nightNight it was to the traitor as he turned away from Christ into the outer darkness. ...” [The Desire of Ages, Page 654]

    [Before Jesus leaves the Upper Room, He sings a Passover song, still the Sixth Day of the Week, at Night]

    “...Before leaving the upper chamber, the Saviour led His disciples in a song of praise. His voice was heard, not in the strains of some mournful lament, but in the joyful notes of the Passover hallel:

    “O praise the Lord, all ye nations:
    Praise Him, all ye people.
    For His merciful kindness is great toward us:
    And the truth of the Lord endureth forever.
    Praise ye the Lord.” Psalm 117.” [The Desire of Ages, Page 672]

    [Jesus and the Disciples, leave Jerusalem, out of the Gates, and head toward the Mount of Olives, still the Sixth Day of the Week, at Night]

    “After the hymn, they went out. Through the crowded streets they made their way, passing out of the city gate toward the Mount of Olives. Slowly they proceeded, each busy with his own thoughts. As they began to descend toward the mount, Jesus said, in a tone of deepest sadness, “All ye shall be offended because of Me this night: for it is written, I will smite the shepherd, and the sheep of the flock shall be scattered abroad.” Matthew 26:31. ...” [The Desire of Ages, Page 673]
     
  5. Shiny Gospel Shoes

    Shiny Gospel Shoes Active Member

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    [Jesus and the Disciples head toward Gethsemane and the foot of Mount Olivet, the Moon is shining bright, a full moon, still the Sixth Day of the Week, at Night]

    “... Jesus and the disciples were on the way to Gethsemane, at the foot of Mount Olivet, a retired spot which He had often visited for meditation and prayer. The Saviour had been explaining to His disciples His mission to the world, and the spiritual relation to Him which they were to sustain. Now He illustrates the lesson. The moon is shining bright, and reveals to Him a flourishing grapevine. Drawing the attention of the disciples to it, He employs it as a symbol. ...” [The Desire of Ages, Page 674]

    [Jesus and the Disciples still head toward the garden of Gethsemane and the foot of Mount Olivet, the Moon is shining bright, a full moon, still the Sixth Day of the Week, at Night]

    “This chapter is based on Matthew 26:36-56; Mark 14:32-50; Luke 22:39-53; John 18:1-12.

    In company with His disciples, the Saviour slowly made His way to the garden of Gethsemane. The Passover moon, broad and full, shone from a cloudless sky. The city of pilgrims’ tents was hushed into silence.

    Jesus had been earnestly conversing with His disciples and instructing them; but as He neared Gethsemane, He became strangely silent. He had often visited this spot for meditation and prayer; but never with a heart so full of sorrow as upon this night of His last agony. Throughout His life on earth He had walked in the light of God’s presence. When in conflict with men who were inspired by the very spirit of Satan, He could say, “He that sent Me is with Me: the Father hath not left Me alone; for I do always those things that please Him.” John 8:29. But now He seemed to be shut out from the light of God’s sustaining presence. Now He was numbered with the transgressors. The guilt of fallen humanity He must bear. Upon Him who knew no sin must be laid the iniquity of us all. So dreadful does sin appear to Him, so great is the weight of guilt which He must bear, that He is tempted to fear it will shut Him out forever from His Father’s love.

    Feeling how terrible is the wrath of God against transgression, He exclaims, “My soul is exceeding sorrowful, even unto death.”

    As they approached the garden, the disciples had marked the change that came over their Master. ...” [The Desire of Ages, Page 685]

    [Jesus reaches the Garden, separates from some of the Disciples, and goes further in to spend the Night in prayer, it is still the Sixth Day of the Week, at Night]

    “...Upon reaching the garden, the disciples looked anxiously for His usual place of retirement, that their Master might rest. Every step that He now took was with labored effort. He groaned aloud, as if suffering under the pressure of a terrible burden. Twice His companions supported Him, or He would have fallen to the earth.

    Near the entrance to the garden, Jesus left all but three of the disciples, bidding them pray for themselves and for Him. With Peter, James, and John, He entered its secluded recesses. These three disciples were Christ’s closest companions. They had beheld His glory on the mount of transfiguration; they had seen Moses and Elijah talking with Him; they had heard the voice from heaven; now in His great struggle, Christ desired their presence near Him. Often they had passed the night with Him in this retreat. On these occasions, after a season of watching and prayer, they would sleep undisturbed at a little distance from their Master, until He awoke them in the morning to go forth anew to labor. But now He desired them to spend the night with Him in prayer. Yet He could not bear that even they should witness the agony He was to endure. ...” [The Desire of Ages, Page 686]

    [Jesus, falls down to the ground with the weight of sin, it is still the Sixth Day of the Week, at Night]

    “...Behold Him contemplating the price to be paid for the human soul. In His agony He clings to the cold ground, as if to prevent Himself from being drawn farther from God. The chilling dew of night falls upon His prostrate form, but He heeds it not. From His pale lips comes the bitter cry, “O My Father, if it be possible, let this cup pass from Me.” Yet even now He adds, “Nevertheless not as I will, but as Thou wilt.” ...” [The Desire of Ages, Page 686]

    [Then was the hour of the power of darkness, still the Sixth Day of the Week, at deepest Night]

    “...Now had come the hour of the power of darkness. Now His voice was heard on the still evening air, not in tones of triumph, but full of human anguish. ...” [The Desire of Ages, Page 690]

    [Jesus, arising from the ground, strengthened by Gabriel, finds the disciples sleeping again, moving to them, He tells them to get up, the Betrayer, Judas, and the throng from the Priests arrive, still Night, the Sixth Day of the Week]

    “...Looking sorrowfully upon them He says, “Sleep on now, and take your rest: behold, the hour is at hand, and the Son of man is betrayed into the hands of sinners.”

    Even as He spoke these words, He heard the footsteps of the mob in search of Him, and said, “Rise, let us be going: behold, he is at hand that doth betray Me.”

    No traces of His recent agony were visible as Jesus stepped forth to meet His betrayer. Standing in advance of His disciples He said, “Whom seek ye?” They answered, “Jesus of Nazareth.” Jesus replied, “I am He.” As these words were spoken, the angel who had lately ministered to Jesus moved between Him and the mob. A divine light illuminated the Saviour’s face, and a dovelike form overshadowed Him. In the presence of this divine glory, the murderous throng could not stand for a moment. They staggered back.

    Priests, elders, soldiers, and even Judas, fell as dead men to the ground.

    The angel withdrew, and the light faded away. Jesus had opportunity to escape, but He remained, calm and self-possessed. As one glorified He stood in the midst of that hardened band, now prostrate and helpless at His feet. The disciples looked on, silent with wonder and awe. ...” [The Desire of Ages, Page 694]

    [Judas was closely followed by the High Priest, at Midnight, the Sixth Day of the Week, see also the Desire of Ages, Page 699, “The midnight seizure by a mob...”, see also the Desire of Ages, Page 760, “Oh, fearful scene! the Saviour seized at midnight in Gethsemane ...”]

    “... Judas the betrayer did not forget the part he was to act. When the mob entered the garden, he had led the way, closely followed by the high priest. ...” [The Desire of Ages, Page 695]

    [Jesus had been in the Temple, Day by Day, not just on the Seventh Day Sabbath of the Lord]


    “Turning to the priests and elders, Christ fixed upon them His searching glance. The words He spoke they would never forget as long as life should last. They were as the sharp arrows of the Almighty. With dignity He said: You come out against Me with swords and staves as you would against a thief or a robber. Day by day I sat teaching in the temple. You had every opportunity of laying hands upon Me, and you did nothing. The night is better suited to your work. “This is your hour, and the power of darkness.” ...” [The Desire of Ages, Page 697]
     
  6. Shiny Gospel Shoes

    Shiny Gospel Shoes Active Member

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    [Jesus is taken, and led back to Jerusalem, and taken to the Palace of Annas, the ex-High Priest [Trial 1], it is now past Midnight, still the Sixth Day of the Week]

    “This chapter is based on Matthew 26:57-75; Matthew 27:1; Mark 14:53-72; Mark 15:1; Luke 22:54-71; John 18:13-27.

    Over the brook Kedron, past gardens and olive groves, and through the hushed streets of the sleeping city, they hurried Jesus. It was past midnight, and the cries of the hooting mob that followed Him broke sharply upon the still air. The Saviour was bound and closely guarded, and He moved painfully. But in eager haste His captors made their way with Him to the palace of Annas, the ex-high priest.

    Annas was the head of the officiating priestly family, and in deference to his age he was recognized by the people as high priest. His counsel was sought and carried out as the voice of God. He must first see Jesus a captive to priestly power. He must be present at the examination of the prisoner, for fear that the less-experienced Caiaphas might fail of securing the object for which they were working. His artifice, cunning, and subtlety must be used on this occasion; for, at all events, Christ’s condemnation must be secured.

    Christ was to be tried formally before the Sanhedrin; but before Annas He was subjected to a preliminary trial. ...” [The Desire of Ages, Page 698]

    [Annas, the ex-Highpriest sends Jesus to Caiaphas the Highpriest [Trial 2], and is now Early Morning and very Dark, still the Sixth Day of the Week]

    “...But first of all, an accusation was to be found. They had gained nothing as yet. Annas ordered Jesus to be taken to Caiaphas. Caiaphas belonged to the Sadducees, some of whom were now the most desperate enemies of Jesus. He himself, though wanting in force of character, was fully as severe, heartless, and unscrupulous as was Annas. He would leave no means untried to destroy Jesus. It was now early morning, and very dark; by the light of torches and lanterns the armed band with their prisoner proceeded to the high priest’s palace. Here, while the members of the Sanhedrin were coming together, Annas and Caiaphas again questioned Jesus, but without success.

    When the council had assembled in the judgment hall, Caiaphas took his seat as presiding officer. On either side were the judges, and those specially interested in the trial. ...” [The Desire of Ages, Page 703]

    [Jesus says, “Destroy this Temple, and in three days I will raise it up.”, speaking of the Crucifixion, Death, Burial and Resurrection. It was three days from these things that Christ Jesus raised.]


    “...Early in His ministry Christ had said, “Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up.” In the figurative language of prophecy, He had thus foretold His own death and resurrection. “He spake of the temple of His body.” John 2:19, 21. These words the Jews had understood in a literal sense, as referring to the temple at Jerusalem. ...” [The Desire of Ages, Page 705]

    [Jesus, after the 2nd Trial, which took place before Caiaphas, was taken to the guardroom, it is still Night, the Sixth Day of the Week.]

    “The Sanhedrin had pronounced Jesus worthy of death; but it was contrary to the Jewish law to try a prisoner by night. In legal condemnation nothing could be done except in the light of day and before a full session of the council. Notwithstanding this, the Saviour was now treated as a condemned criminal, and given up to be abused by the lowest and vilest of humankind. The palace of the high priest surrounded an open court in which the soldiers and the multitude had gathered. Through this court, Jesus was taken to the guardroom, on every side meeting with mockery of His claim to be the Son of God. His own words, “sitting on the right hand of power,” and, “coming in the clouds of heaven,” were jeeringly repeated. While in the guardroom, awaiting His legal trial, He was not protected. The ignorant rabble had seen the cruelty with which He was treated before the council, and from this they took license to manifest all the satanic elements of their nature. Christ’s very nobility and godlike bearing goaded them to madness. His meekness, His innocence, His majestic patience, filled them with hatred born of Satan.

    Mercy and justice were trampled upon. Never was criminal treated in so inhuman a manner as was the Son of God. ...” [The Desire of Ages, Page 710]

    [John and Peter followed the mob from a distance, and entered into the Palace of the High Priest, and Peter was outside in the courtyard while Jesus was tried, being the coldest hour of the night, just before dawn, still the Sixth Day of the Week. Judas had also followed, see the Desire of Ages, Page 721, “But as hour after hour went by, and Jesus submitted to all the abuse heaped upon Him, a terrible fear came to the traitor that he had sold his Master to His death. As the trial drew to a close, Judas could endure the torture of his guilty conscience no longer. Suddenly a hoarse voice rang through the hall, sending a thrill of terror to all hearts: He is innocent; spare Him, O Caiaphas!”]

    “...In the court a fire had been kindled; for it was the coldest hour of the night, being just before the dawn. A company drew about the fire, and Peter presumptuously took his place with them. He did not wish to be recognized as a disciple of Jesus. By mingling carelessly with the crowd, he hoped to be taken for one of those who had brought Jesus to the hall. ...” [The Desire of Ages, Page 710]

    [Peter denies Jesus for the First Time, the Cock Crows the First Time, morning is approaching, the Sixth Day of the Week]

    “...Peter felt compelled to answer, and said angrily, “Woman, I know Him not.” This was the first denial, and immediately the cock crew. O Peter, so soon ashamed of thy Master! so soon to deny thy Lord! ...” [The Desire of Ages, Page 711]

    [Peter denies Jesus two more times, and the Cock Crows the Second Time, time passes, and daylight is coming, the Sixth Day of the Week. See also the Desire of Ages, Page 713, “Peter called to mind his promise of a few short hours before that he would go with his Lord to prison and to death.” and “He pressed on in solitude and darkness, he knew not and cared not whither. At last he found himself in Gethsemane. The scene of a few hours before came vividly to his mind.” and the Desire of Ages, Page 714, “Had those hours in the garden been spent in watching and prayer, Peter would not have been left to depend upon his own feeble strength.”]

    “...Attention was called to him the second time, and he was again charged with being a follower of Jesus. He now declared with an oath, “I do not know the Man.” Still another opportunity was given him. An hour had passed, when one of the servants of the high priest, being a near kinsman of the man whose ear Peter had cut off, asked him, “Did not I see thee in the garden with Him?” “Surely thou art one of them: for thou art a Galilean, and thy speech agreeth thereto.” At this Peter flew into a rage. The disciples of Jesus were noted for the purity of their language, and in order fully to deceive his questioners, and justify his assumed character, Peter now denied his Master with cursing and swearing. Again the cock crew. Peter heard it then, and he remembered the words of Jesus, “Before the cock crow twice, thou shalt deny Me thrice.” Mark 14:30. ...” [The Desire of Ages, Page 712]

    [Jesus is brought to the 3rd Trial, before the assembled Sanhedrin, it is now daylight, the Sixth Day of the Week. See also the Desire of Ages, Page 714, “And so by the third condemnation of the Jewish authorities, Jesus was to die.”]

    “... As soon as it was day, the Sanhedrin again assembled, and again Jesus was brought into the council room. He had declared Himself the Son of God, and they had construed His words into a charge against Him. But they could not condemn Him on this, for many of them had not been present at the night session, and they had not heard His words. And they knew that the Roman tribunal would find in them nothing worthy of death. But if from His own lips they could all hear those words repeated, their object might be gained. His claim to the Messiahship they might construe into a seditious political claim. ...” [The Desire of Ages, Page 714]

    [After Judas had confessed his sin in the Second Night trial, before Caiaphas and Jesus, he ran out and hung himself.]

    “Judas saw that his entreaties were in vain, and he rushed from the hall exclaiming, It is too late! It is too late! He felt that he could not live to see Jesus crucified, and in despair went out and hanged himself.

    Later that same day, on the road from Pilate’s hall to Calvary, there came an interruption to the shouts and jeers of the wicked throng who were leading Jesus to the place of crucifixion. As they passed a retired spot, they saw at the foot of a lifeless tree, the body of Judas. It was a most revolting sight. His weight had broken the cord by which he had hanged himself to the tree. In falling, his body had been horribly mangled, and dogs were now devouring it. His remains were immediately buried out of sight; but there was less mockery among the throng, and many a pale face revealed the thoughts within. Retribution seemed already visiting those who were guilty of the blood of Jesus. ...” [The Desire of Ages, Page 722]

    [Jesus is borne to Pilate's Judgment Hall, the 4th Trial, the Sixth Day of the Week, Early Morning. See also the Desire of Ages, Page 724, “Assuming his severest expression, he turned to see what kind of man he had to examine, that he had been called from his repose at so early an hour.”]

    “This chapter is based on Matthew 27:2, 11-31; Mark 15:1-20; Luke 23:1-25; John 18:28-40; John 19:1-16

    In the judgment hall of Pilate, the Roman governor, Christ stands bound as a prisoner. About Him are the guard of soldiers, and the hall is fast filling with spectators. Just outside the entrance are the judges of the Sanhedrin, priests, rulers, elders, and the mob.

    After condemning Jesus, the council of the Sanhedrin had come to Pilate to have the sentence confirmed and executed. But these Jewish officials would not enter the Roman judgment hall. According to their ceremonial law they would be defiled thereby, and thus prevented from taking part in the feast of the Passover. In their blindness they did not see that murderous hatred had defiled their hearts. They did not see that Christ was the real Passover lamb, and that, since they had rejected Him, the great feast had for them lost its significance.

    When the Saviour was brought into the judgment hall, Pilate looked upon Him with no friendly eyes. The Roman governor had been called from his bedchamber in haste, and he determined to do his work as quickly as possible. ...” [The Desire of Ages, Page 723]

    [Jesus passes from Pilate's Judgment Hall to Herod's Palace, the 5th Trial, the Sixth Day of the Week.]

    “...Pilate at this time had no thought of condemning Jesus. He knew that the Jews had accused Him through hatred and prejudice. He knew what his duty was. Justice demanded that Christ should be immediately released. But Pilate dreaded the ill will of the people. Should he refuse to give Jesus into their hands, a tumult would be raised, and this he feared to meet. When he heard that Christ was from Galilee, he decided to send Him to Herod, the ruler of that province, who was then in Jerusalem. By this course, Pilate thought to shift the responsibility of the trial from himself to Herod. He also thought this a good opportunity to heal an old quarrel between himself and Herod. And so it proved. The two magistrates made friends over the trial of the Saviour.

    Pilate delivered Jesus again to the soldiers, and amid the jeers and insults of the mob He was hurried to the judgment hall of Herod. “When Herod saw Jesus, he was exceeding glad.” He had never before met the Saviour, but “he was desirous to see Him of a long season, because he had heard many things of Him; and he hoped to have seen some miracle done by Him.” This Herod was he whose hands were stained with the blood of John the Baptist. ...” [The Desire of Ages, Page 728]

    [Jesus passes from Herod's Palace back to Pilate's Judgment Hall, the 6th Trial, the Sixth Day of the Week.]

    “...Hardened as he was, Herod dared not ratify the condemnation of Christ. He wished to relieve himself of the terrible responsibility, and he sent Jesus back to the Roman judgment hall.

    Pilate was disappointed and much displeased. When the Jews returned with their prisoner, he asked impatiently what they would have him do. He reminded them that he had already examined Jesus, and found no fault in Him; he told them that they had brought complaints against Him, but they had not been able to prove a single charge. He had sent Jesus to Herod, the tetrarch of Galilee, and one of their own nation, but he also had found in Him nothing worthy of death. “I will therefore chastise Him,” Pilate said, “and release Him.” ...” [The Desire of Ages, Page 731]

    [Jesus, before the People, and the Judgment Seat of Pilate, the 7th Trial, Jesus totally rejected, the Sixth Day of the Week. See also the Desire of Ages, Page 760, “Oh, fearful scene! the Saviour seized at midnight in Gethsemane, dragged to and fro from palace to judgment hall, arraigned twice before the priests, twice before the Sanhedrin, twice before Pilate, and once before Herod, mocked, scourged, condemned, and led out to be crucified, bearing the heavy burden of the cross, amid the wailing of the daughters of Jerusalem and the jeering of the rabble.”]

    “...Pilate then took his place on the judgment seat, and again presented Jesus to the people, saying, “Behold your King!” Again the mad cry was heard, “Away with Him, crucify Him.” In a voice that was heard far and near, Pilate asked, “Shall I crucify your King?” But from profane, blasphemous lips went forth the words, “We have no king but Caesar.” ...” [The Desire of Ages, Page 737]
     
  7. Shiny Gospel Shoes

    Shiny Gospel Shoes Active Member

    633
    +7
    SDA
    [Jesus is led out of the Sheep Gate to the Place of the Skull, Golgatha, Calvary, the Sixth Day of the Week.]

    “This chapter is based on Matthew 27:31-53; Mark 14:20-38; Luke 23:26-46; John 19:16-30.

    “And when they were come to the place, which is called Calvary, there they crucified Him.”

    “That He might sanctify the people with His own blood,” Christ “suffered without the gate.” Hebrews 13:12. For transgression of the law of God, Adam and Eve were banished from Eden. Christ, our substitute, was to suffer without the boundaries of Jerusalem. He died outside the gate, where felons and murderers were executed. Full of significance are the words, “Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us.” Galatians 3:13.

    A vast multitude followed Jesus from the judgment hall to Calvary. The news of His condemnation had spread throughout Jerusalem, and people of all classes and all ranks flocked toward the place of crucifixion. The priests and rulers had been bound by a promise not to molest Christ’s followers if He Himself were delivered to them, and the disciples and believers from the city and the surrounding region joined the throng that followed the Saviour.

    As Jesus passed the gate of Pilate’s court, the cross which had been prepared for Barabbas was laid upon His bruised and bleeding shoulders ...” [The Desire of Ages, Page 741]

    [Jesus, hangs upon the Cross, even after long hours of agony, reviling and mockery, the Sixth Day of the Week. See also the Desire of Ages, Page 754, “Through long hours of agony Christ had been gazed upon by the jeering multitude.”]

    “...For long hours of agony, reviling and mockery have fallen upon the ears of Jesus. As He hangs upon the cross, ...” [The Desire of Ages, Page 750]

    [Darkness covers the land, unto the ninth hour, 3PM, the Sixth Day of the Week]

    “...With amazement angels witnessed the Saviour’s despairing agony. The hosts of heaven veiled their faces from the fearful sight. Inanimate nature expressed sympathy with its insulted and dying Author. The sun refused to look upon the awful scene. Its full, bright rays were illuminating the earth at midday, when suddenly it seemed to be blotted out. Complete darkness, like a funeral pall, enveloped the cross. “There was darkness over all the land unto the ninth hour.” There was no eclipse or other natural cause for this darkness, which was as deep as midnight without moon or stars. It was a miraculous testimony given by God that the faith of after generations might be confirmed.

    In that thick darkness God’s presence was hidden. He makes darkness His pavilion, and conceals His glory from human eyes. ...” [The Desire of Ages, Page 753]

    [At the Ninth Hour, 3 PM the Darkness lifts from the people, but still covers Jesus]

    “... At the ninth hour the darkness lifted from the people, but still enveloped the Saviour. It was a symbol of the agony and horror that weighed upon His heart. No eye could pierce the gloom that surrounded the cross, and none could penetrate the deeper gloom that enshrouded the suffering soul of Christ. The angry lightnings seemed to be hurled at Him as He hung upon the cross. Then “Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani?” “My God, My God, why hast Thou forsaken Me?” As the outer gloom settled about the Saviour, many voices exclaimed: The vengeance of heaven is upon Him. The bolts of God’s wrath are hurled at Him, because He claimed to be the Son of God. Many who believed on Him heard His despairing cry. Hope left them. If God had forsaken Jesus, in what could His followers trust? ...” [The Desire of Ages, Page 754]

    [The very Hour of the Evening Sacrifice, the Passover was slain, the Sixth Day of the Week.]

    “In silence the beholders watched for the end of the fearful scene. The sun shone forth; but the cross was still enveloped in darkness. Priests and rulers looked toward Jerusalem; and lo, the dense cloud had settled over the city and the plains of Judea. The Sun of Righteousness, the Light of the world, was withdrawing His beams from the once favored city of Jerusalem. The fierce lightnings of God’s wrath were directed against the fated city.

    Suddenly the gloom lifted from the cross, and in clear, trumpetlike tones, that seemed to resound throughout creation, Jesus cried, “It is finished.” “Father, into Thy hands I commend My spirit.” A light encircled the cross, and the face of the Saviour shone with a glory like the sun. He then bowed His head upon His breast, and died.

    Amid the awful darkness, apparently forsaken of God, Christ had drained the last dregs in the cup of human woe. In those dreadful hours He had relied upon the evidence of His Father’s acceptance heretofore given Him. He was acquainted with the character of His Father; He understood His justice, His mercy, and His great love. By faith He rested in Him whom it had ever been His joy to obey. And as in submission He committed Himself to God, the sense of the loss of His Father’s favor was withdrawn. By faith, Christ was victor.

    Never before had the earth witnessed such a scene. The multitude stood paralyzed, and with bated breath gazed upon the Saviour. Again darkness settled upon the earth, and a hoarse rumbling, like heavy thunder, was heard. There was a violent earthquake. The people were shaken together in heaps. The wildest confusion and consternation ensued. In the surrounding mountains, rocks were rent asunder, and went crashing down into the plains. Sepulchers were broken open, and the dead were cast out of their tombs. Creation seemed to be shivering to atoms. Priests, rulers, soldiers, executioners, and people, mute with terror, lay prostrate upon the ground.

    When the loud cry, “It is finished,” came from the lips of Christ, the priests were officiating in the temple. It was the hour of the evening sacrifice. The lamb representing Christ had been brought to be slain. ...” [The Desire of Ages, Page 756]

    [Jesus, is finally at Rest, and placed in the Tomb of Joseph the Sixth Day of the Week, turns into the Seventh Day Sabbath of the Lord thy God!]

    “At last Jesus was at rest. The long day of shame and torture was ended. As the last rays of the setting sun ushered in the Sabbath, the Son of God lay in quietude in Joseph’s tomb. His work completed, His hands folded in peace, He rested through the sacred hours of the Sabbath day.

    In the beginning the Father and the Son had rested upon the Sabbath after Their work of creation. When “the heavens and the earth were finished, and all the host of them” (Genesis 2:1), the Creator and all heavenly beings rejoiced in contemplation of the glorious scene. “The morning stars sang together, and all the sons of God shouted for joy.” Job 38:7. Now Jesus rested from the work of redemption; and though there was grief among those who loved Him on earth, yet there was joy in heaven. Glorious to the eyes of heavenly beings was the promise of the future. A restored creation, a redeemed race, that having conquered sin could never fall,—this, the result to flow from Christ’s completed work, God and angels saw. With this scene the day upon which Jesus rested is forever linked. For “His work is perfect;” and “whatsoever God doeth, it shall be forever.” Deuteronomy 32:4; Ecclesiastes 3:14. When there shall be a “restitution of all things, which God hath spoken by the mouth of all His holy prophets since the world began” (Acts 3:21), the creation Sabbath, the [Page 769-770] day on which Jesus lay at rest in Joseph’s tomb, will still be a day of rest and rejoicing. Heaven and earth will unite in praise, as “from one Sabbath to another” (Isaiah 66:23) the nations of the saved shall bow in joyful worship to God and the Lamb.

    In the closing events of the crucifixion day, fresh evidence was given of the fulfillment of prophecy, and new witness borne to Christ’s divinity. When the darkness had lifted from the cross, and the Saviour’s dying cry had been uttered, immediately another voice was heard, saying, “Truly this was the Son of God.” Matthew 27:54.

    These words were said in no whispered tones. All eyes were turned to see whence they came. Who had spoken? It was the centurion, the Roman soldier. The divine patience of the Saviour, and His sudden death, with the cry of victory upon His lips, had impressed this heathen. In the bruised, broken body hanging upon the cross, the centurion recognized the form of the Son of God. He could not refrain from confessing his faith. Thus again evidence was given that our Redeemer was to see of the travail of His soul. Upon the very day of His death, three men, differing widely from one another, had declared their faith,—he who commanded the Roman guard, he who bore the cross of the Saviour, and he who died upon the cross at His side.

    As evening drew on, an unearthly stillness hung over Calvary. The crowd dispersed, and many returned to Jerusalem greatly changed in spirit from what they had been in the morning. Many had flocked to the crucifixion from curiosity, and not from hatred toward Christ. Still they believed the accusations of the priests, and looked upon Christ as a malefactor. Under an unnatural excitement they had united with the mob in railing against Him. But when the earth was wrapped in blackness, and they stood accused by their own consciences, they felt guilty of a great wrong. No jest or mocking laughter was heard in the midst of that fearful gloom; and when it was lifted, they made their way to their homes in solemn silence. They were convinced that the charges of the priests were false, that Jesus was no pretender; and a few weeks later, when Peter preached upon the day of Pentecost, they were among the thousands who became converts to Christ. ...” [The Desire of Ages, Page 769-770]

    [The 7th Day Sabbath of the Lord thy God had been drawing on after the death of Jesus upon the Cross, the Sixth Day of the Week.]

    “They had been jealous of Christ’s influence with the people when living; they were jealous of Him even in death. They dreaded the dead Christ more, far more, than they had ever feared the living Christ. They dreaded to have the attention of the people directed any further to the events attending His crucifixion. They feared the results of that day’s work. Not on any account would they have had His body remain on the cross during the Sabbath. The Sabbath was now drawing on, and it would be a violation of its sanctity for the bodies to hang upon the cross. So, using this as a pretext, the leading Jews requested Pilate that the death of the victims might be hastened, and their bodies be removed before the setting of the sun.

    Pilate was as unwilling as they for the body of Jesus to remain upon the cross. His consent having been obtained, the legs of the two thieves were broken to hasten their death; but Jesus was found to be already dead. The rude soldiers had been softened by what they had heard and seen of Christ, and they were restrained from breaking His limbs. Thus in the offering of the Lamb of God was fulfilled the law of the Passover, “They shall leave none of it unto the morning, nor break any bone of it: according to all the ordinances of the Passover they shall keep it.” Numbers 9:12 ...” [The Desire of Ages, Page 771]

    [Jesus died within six hours of Crucifixion.]

    “... It was an unheard-of thing for one to die within six hours of crucifixion. ...” [The Desire of Ages, Page 772]

    [Jesus, at rest in the tomb, the Seventh Day the Sabbath of the Lord thy God, even according to the Commandment, not the ordinance.]

    “Gently and reverently they removed with their own hands the body of Jesus from the cross. Their tears of sympathy fell fast as they looked upon His bruised and lacerated form. Joseph owned a new tomb, hewn in a rock. This he was reserving for himself; but it was near Calvary, and he now prepared it for Jesus. The body, together with the spices brought by Nicodemus, was carefully wrapped in a linen sheet, and the Redeemer was borne to the tomb. There the three disciples straightened the mangled limbs, and folded the bruised hands upon the pulseless breast. The Galilean women came to see that all had been done that could be done for the lifeless form of their beloved Teacher. Then they saw the heavy stone rolled against the entrance of the tomb, and the Saviour was left at rest. The women were last at the cross, and last at the tomb of Christ. While the evening shades were gathering, Mary Magdalene and the other Marys lingered about the resting place of their Lord, shedding tears of sorrow over the fate of Him whom they loved. “And they returned, ... and rested the Sabbath day according to the commandment.” Luke 23:56.

    That was a never-to-be-forgotten Sabbath to the sorrowing disciples, and also to the priests, rulers, scribes, and people. At the setting of the sun on the evening of the preparation day the trumpets sounded, signifying that the Sabbath had begun. The Passover was observed as it had been for centuries, while He to whom it pointed had been slain by wicked hands, and lay in Joseph’s tomb. On the Sabbath the courts of the temple were filled with worshipers. The high priest from Golgotha was there, splendidly robed in his sacerdotal garments. White-turbaned priests, full of activity, performed their duties. But some present were not at rest as the blood of bulls and goats was offered for sin. They were not conscious that type had met antitype, that an infinite sacrifice had been made for the sins of the world. They knew not that there was no further value in the performance of the ritual service. ...” [The Desire of Ages, Page 774]

    [Nicodemus reflects upon the words of Jesus, the Seventh Day the Sabbath of the Lord thy God.]

    “... Nicodemus, when he saw Jesus lifted up on the cross, remembered His words spoken by night in the Mount of Olives: “As Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of man be lifted up: that whosoever believeth in Him should not perish, but have eternal life.” John 3:14, 15. On that Sabbath, when Christ lay in the grave, Nicodemus had opportunity for reflection. ...” [The Desire of Ages, Page 775]
     
  8. Shiny Gospel Shoes

    Shiny Gospel Shoes Active Member

    633
    +7
    SDA
    [Crucified, and in three days raised up!]

    “... The revenge which the priests had thought would be so sweet was already bitterness to them. They knew that they were meeting the severe censure of the people; they knew that the very ones whom they had influenced against Jesus were now horrified by their own shameful work. These priests had tried to believe Jesus a deceiver; but it was in vain. Some of them had stood by the grave of Lazarus, and had seen the dead brought back to life. They trembled for fear that Christ would Himself rise from the dead, and again appear before them. They had heard Him declare that He had power to lay down His life and to take it again. They remembered that He had said, “Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up.” John 2:19. Judas had told them the words spoken by Jesus to the disciples while on the last journey to Jerusalem: “Behold, we go up to Jerusalem; and the Son of man shall be betrayed unto the chief priests and unto the scribes, and they shall condemn Him to death, and shall deliver Him to the Gentiles to mock, and to scourge, and to crucify Him: and the third day He shall rise againMatthew 20:18, 19. When they heard these words, they had mocked and ridiculed. But now they remembered that Christ’s predictions had so far been fulfilled. He had said that He would rise again the third day, and who could say that this also would not come to pass? They longed to shut out these thoughts, but they could not. Like their father, the devil, they believed and trembled.

    Now that the frenzy of excitement was past, the image of Christ would intrude upon their minds. They beheld Him as He stood serene and uncomplaining before His enemies, suffering without a murmur their taunts and abuse. All the events of His trial and crucifixion came back to them with an overpowering conviction that He was the Son of God. They felt that He might at any time stand before them, the accused to become the accuser, the condemned to condemn, the slain to demand justice in the death of His murderers.

    They could rest little upon the Sabbath. ...” [The Desire of Ages, Page 777]

    [The chief Priests and Pharisees fear that Christ Jesus would be raised in three days of the Crucifixion.]

    “... Death and the grave must hold Him whom they had crucified. “The chief priests and Pharisees came together unto Pilate, saying, Sir, we remember that that deceiver said, while He was yet alive, After three days I will rise again. Command therefore that the sepulcher be made sure until the third day, lest His disciples come by night, and steal Him away, and say unto the people, He is risen from the dead: so the last error shall be worse than the first. Pilate said unto them, Ye have a watch: go your way, make it as sure as ye can.” Matthew 27:62-65. ...” [The Desire of Ages, Page 778]

    [The Seventh Day the Sabbath of the Lord thy God, passes on, and the First Day of the Week, comes again... Jesus is resurrected! He Lives!!!]

    “This chapter is based on Matthew 28:2-4, 11-15.

    The night of the first day of the week had worn slowly away. The darkest hour, just before daybreak, had come. Christ was still a prisoner in His narrow tomb. The great stone was in its place; the Roman seal was unbroken; the Roman guards were keeping their watch. And there were unseen watchers. Hosts of evil angels were gathered about the place. Had it been possible, the prince of darkness with his apostate army would have kept forever sealed the tomb that held the Son of God. But a heavenly host surrounded the sepulcher. Angels that excel in strength were guarding the tomb, and waiting to welcome the Prince of life.

    “And, behold, there was a great earthquake: for the angel of the Lord descended from heaven.” Clothed with the panoply of God, this angel left the heavenly courts. The bright beams of God’s glory went before him, and illuminated his pathway. “His countenance was like lightning, and his raiment white as snow: and for fear of him the keepers did shake, and became as dead men.”

    Now, priests and rulers, where is the power of your guard? Brave soldiers that have never been afraid of human power are now as captives taken without sword or spear. The face they look upon is not the face [Page 779-780] of mortal warrior; it is the face of the mightiest of the Lord’s host. This messenger is he who fills the position from which Satan fell. It is he who on the hills of Bethlehem proclaimed Christ’s birth. The earth trembles at his approach, the hosts of darkness flee, and as he rolls away the stone, heaven seems to come down to the earth. The soldiers see him removing the stone as he would a pebble, and hear him cry, Son of God, come forth; Thy Father calls Thee.

    They see Jesus come forth from the grave, and hear Him proclaim over the rent sepulcher, “I am the resurrection, and the life.” As He comes forth in majesty and glory, the angel host bow low in adoration before the Redeemer, and welcome Him with songs of praise.

    An earthquake marked the hour when Christ laid down His life, and another earthquake witnessed the moment when He took it up in triumph. He who had vanquished death and the grave came forth from the tomb with the tread of a conqueror, amid the reeling of the earth, the flashing of lightning, and the roaring of thunder. When He shall come to the earth again, He will shake “not the earth only, but also heaven.” “The earth shall reel to and fro like a drunkard, and shall be removed like a cottage.” “The heavens shall be rolled together as a scroll;” “the elements shall melt with fervent heat, the earth also and the works that are therein shall be burned up.” But “the Lord will be the hope of His people, and the strength of the children of Israel.” Hebrews 12:26; Isaiah 24:20; 34:4; 2 Peter 3:10; Joel 3:16.

    At the death of Jesus the soldiers had beheld the earth wrapped in darkness at midday; but at the resurrection they saw the brightness of the angels illuminate the night, and heard the inhabitants of heaven singing with great joy and triumph: Thou hast vanquished Satan and the powers of darkness; Thou hast swallowed up death in victory!
    Christ came forth from the tomb glorified, and the Roman guard beheld Him. Their eyes were riveted upon the face of Him whom they had so recently mocked and derided. In this glorified Being they beheld the prisoner whom they had seen in the judgment hall, the one for whom they had plaited a crown of thorns. This was the One who had stood unresisting before Pilate and Herod, His form lacerated by the cruel scourge. This was He who had been nailed to the cross, at whom the priests and rulers, full of self-satisfaction, had wagged their heads, saying, “He saved others; Himself He cannot save.” Matthew 27:42. This was He who had been laid in Joseph’s new tomb. ...” [The Desire of Ages, Page 779-780]

    [Jesus, the Anti-Type, the Firstfruits and Wavesheaf, the First Day of the Week, even the 16th of Aviv/Nisan.]

    “... When the voice of the mighty angel was heard at Christ’s tomb, saying, Thy Father calls Thee, the Saviour came forth from the grave by the life that was in Himself. Now was proved the truth of His words, “I lay down My life, that I might take it again.... I have power to lay it down, and I have power to take it again.” Now was fulfilled the prophecy He had spoken to the priests and rulers, “Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up.” John 10:17, 18; 2:19.

    Over the rent sepulcher of Joseph, Christ had proclaimed in triumph, “I am the resurrection, and the life.” These words could be spoken only by the Deity. All created beings live by the will and power of God. They are dependent recipients of the life of God. From the highest seraph to the humblest animate being, all are replenished from the Source of life. Only He who is one with God could say, I have power to lay down My life, and I have power to take it again. In His divinity, Christ possessed the power to break the bonds of death.

    Christ arose from the dead as the first fruits of those that slept. He was the antitype of the wave sheaf, and His resurrection took place on [Page 785-786] the very day when the wave sheaf was to be presented before the Lord. For more than a thousand years this symbolic ceremony had been performed. From the harvest fields the first heads of ripened grain were gathered, and when the people went up to Jerusalem to the Passover, the sheaf of first fruits was waved as a thank offering before the Lord. Not until this was presented could the sickle be put to the grain, and it be gathered into sheaves. The sheaf dedicated to God represented the harvest. So Christ the first fruits represented the great spiritual harvest to be gathered for the kingdom of God. His resurrection is the type and pledge of the resurrection of all the righteous dead. “For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so them also which sleep in Jesus will God bring with Him.” 1 Thessalonians 4:14.

    As Christ arose, He brought from the grave a multitude of captives. The earthquake at His death had rent open their graves, and when He arose, they came forth with Him. They were those who had been co-laborers with God, and who at the cost of their lives had borne testimony to the truth. Now they were to be witnesses for Him who had raised them from the dead.

    During His ministry, Jesus had raised the dead to life. He had raised the son of the widow of Nain, and the ruler’s daughter and Lazarus. But these were not clothed with immortality. After they were raised, they were still subject to death. But those who came forth from the grave at Christ’s resurrection were raised to everlasting life. They ascended with Him as trophies of His victory over death and the grave. These, said Christ, are no longer the captives of Satan; I have redeemed them. I have brought them from the grave as the first fruits of My power, to be with Me where I am, nevermore to see death or experience sorrow.

    These went into the city, and appeared unto many, declaring, Christ has risen from the dead, and we be risen with Him. Thus was immortalized the sacred truth of the resurrection. The risen saints bore witness to the truth of the words, “Thy dead men shall live, together with My dead body shall they arise.” Their resurrection was an illustration of the fulfillment of the prophecy, “Awake and sing, ye that dwell in dust: for thy dew is as the dew of herbs, and the earth shall cast out the dead.” Isaiah 26:19. ...” [The Desire of Ages, Page 785-786]

    [The Witness of the Women, the First Day of the Week, very early before sunrise.]

    “This chapter is based on Matthew 28:1, 5-8; Mark 16:1-8; Luke 24:1-12; John 20:1-18.

    The women who had stood by the cross of Christ waited and watched for the hours of the Sabbath to pass. On the first day of the week, very early, they made their way to the tomb, taking with them precious spices to anoint the Saviour’s body. They did not think about His rising from the dead. The sun of their hope had set, and night had settled down on their hearts. As they walked, they recounted Christ’s works of mercy and His words of comfort. But they remembered not His words, “I will see you again.” John 16:22.

    Ignorant of what was even then taking place, they drew near the garden, saying as they went, “Who shall roll us away the stone from the door of the sepulcher?” They knew that they could not remove the stone, yet they kept on their way. And lo, the heavens were suddenly alight with glory that came not from the rising sun. The earth trembled. They saw that the great stone was rolled away. The grave was empty. ...” [The Desire of Ages, Page 788]

    [The Angel declares that Christ Jesus is risen as foretold!]

    “... Yet about him the light of the heavenly glory was still shining, and the women were afraid. They turned to flee, but the angel’s words stayed their steps. “Fear not ye,” he said; “for I know that ye seek Jesus, which was crucified. He is not here: for He is risen, as He said. Come, see the place where the Lord lay. And go quickly, and tell His disciples that He is risen from the dead.” Again they look into the tomb, and again they hear the wonderful news. Another angel in human form is there, and he says, “Why seek ye the living among the dead? He is not here, but is risen: remember how He spake unto you when He was yet in Galilee, saying, The Son of man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men, and be crucified, and the third day rise again.” ...” [The Desire of Ages, Page 789]

    [That Day was a day of Rejoicing in all of Heaven! First ascension.]

    “... While the Saviour was in God’s presence, receiving gifts for His church, the disciples thought upon His empty tomb, and mourned and wept. The day that was a day of rejoicing to all heaven was to the disciples a day of uncertainty, confusion, and perplexity. ...” [The Desire of Ages, Page 790]

    [The Sixth Day, the Seventh Day and the First Day of the Week]

    “... Trouble seemed crowding upon trouble. On the sixth day of the week they had seen their Master die; on the first day of the next week they found themselves deprived of His body, and they were accused of having stolen it away for the sake of deceiving the people. They despaired of ever correcting the false impressions that were gaining ground against them. They feared the enmity of the priests and the wrath of the people. They longed for the presence of Jesus, who had helped them in every perplexity. ...” [The Desire of Ages, Page 794
     
  9. Shiny Gospel Shoes

    Shiny Gospel Shoes Active Member

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    [The Road to Emmaus, The First Day of the Week]

    “... “He said unto them, What manner of communications are these that ye have one to another, as ye walk, and are sad? And the one of them, whose name was Cleopas, answering said unto Him, Art Thou only a stranger in Jerusalem, and hast not known the things which are come to pass there in these days?” They told Him of their disappointment in regard to their Master, “which was a prophet mighty in deed and word before God and all the people;” but “the chief priests and our rulers,” they said, “delivered Him to be condemned to death, and have crucified Him.” With hearts sore with disappointment, and with quivering lips, they added, “We trusted that it had been He which should have redeemed Israel: and beside all this, today is the third day since these things were done

    Strange that the disciples did not remember Christ’s words, and realize that He had foretold the events which had come to pass! They did not realize that the last part of His disclosure would be just as verily fulfilled as the first part, that the third day He would rise again. This was the part they should have remembered. The priests and rulers did not forget this. On the day “that followed the day of the preparation, the chief priests and Pharisees came together unto Pilate, saying, Sir, we remember that that deceiver said, while He was yet alive, After three days I will rise again.” Matthew 27:62, 63. But the disciples did not remember these words. ...” [The Desire of Ages, Page 796]

    [First Day of the Week turns to night, and becomes the Second Day of the Week]

    “... During the journey the sun had gone down, and before the travelers reached their place of rest, the laborers in the fields had left their work. As the disciples were about to enter their home, the stranger appeared as though He would continue His journey. But the disciples felt drawn to Him. Their souls hungered to hear more from Him. “Abide with us,” they said. He did not seem to accept the invitation, but they pressed it upon Him, urging, “It is toward evening, and the day is far spent.” Christ yielded to this entreaty and “went in to tarry with them.”

    Had the disciples failed to press their invitation, they would not have known that their traveling companion was the risen Lord. Christ never forces His company upon anyone. He interests Himself in those who need Him. Gladly will He enter the humblest home, and cheer the lowliest heart. But if men are too indifferent to think of the heavenly Guest, or ask Him to abide with them, He passes on. Thus many meet with great loss. They do not know Christ any more than did the disciples as He walked with them by the way.

    The simple evening meal of bread is soon prepared. It is placed before the guest, who has taken His seat at the head of the table. Now He puts forth His hands to bless the food. The disciples start back in astonishment. Their companion spreads forth His hands in exactly the same way as their Master used to do. They look again, and lo, they see in His hands the print of nails. Both exclaim at once, It is the Lord Jesus! He has risen from the dead! ...” [The Desire of Ages, Page 800]

    [The Night, First Evening of the Second Day of the Week, is dark as the two Disciples from Emaus, run back to Jerusalem]

    “... The night is dark, but the Sun of Righteousness is shining upon them. Their hearts leap for joy. They seem to be in a new world. Christ is a living Saviour. They no longer mourn over Him as dead. Christ is risen—over and over again they repeat it. This is the message they are carrying to the sorrowing ones. They must tell them the wonderful story of the walk to Emmaus. They must tell who joined them by the way. They carry the greatest message ever given to the world, a message of glad tidings upon which the hopes of the human family for time and for eternity depend. ...” [The Desire of Ages, Page 801]

    [The Two Disciples from Emaus, enter Jerusalem by Night at the eastern gate]

    “... This chapter is based on Luke 24:33-48; John 20:19-29.

    On reaching Jerusalem the two disciples enter at the eastern gate, which is open at night on festal occasions. The houses are dark and silent, but the travelers make their way through the narrow streets by the light of the rising moon. They go to the upper chamber where Jesus spent the hours of the last evening before His death. Here they know that their brethren are to be found. Late as it is, they know that the disciples will not sleep till they learn for a certainty what has become of the body of their Lord. They find the door of the chamber securely barred. They knock for admission, but no answer comes. All is still. Then they give their names. The door is carefully unbarred, they enter, and Another, unseen, enters with them. Then the door is again fastened, to keep out spies.

    The travelers find all in surprised excitement. The voices of those in the room break out into thanksgiving and praise, saying, “The Lord is risen indeed, and hath appeared to Simon.” Then the two travelers, panting with the haste with which they have made their journey, tell the wondrous story of how Jesus has appeared to them. They have just ended, and some are saying that they cannot believe it, for it is too good to be true, when behold, another Person stands before them. Every eye is fastened upon the stranger. No one has knocked for entrance. ...” [The Desire of Ages, Page 802]

    [Ten Days before Pentecost, Jesus ascends from the Mount of Olives.]

    “... Before leaving His disciples, Christ plainly stated the nature of His kingdom. He called to their minds what He had previously told them concerning it. He declared that it was not His purpose to establish in this world a temporal, but a spiritual kingdom. He was not to reign as an earthly king on David’s throne. Again He opened to them the Scriptures, showing that all He had passed through had been ordained in heaven, in the councils between the Father and Himself. All had been foretold by men inspired by the Holy Spirit. He said, You see that all I have revealed to you concerning My rejection as the Messiah has come to pass. All I have said in regard to the humiliation I should endure and the death I should die, has been verified. On the third day I rose again. Search the Scriptures more diligently, and you will see that in all these things the specifications of prophecy concerning Me have been fulfilled. ...” [The Desire of Ages, Page 820]

    Now, that we have covered this aspect from both the Bible and Spirit of Prophecy, even the Desire of Ages, which all give very specific timeframes, the events should be demonstrated beyond doubt, but now let us go back to the Scriptures as stated earlier, and see a few more things, more closely.
     
  10. Shiny Gospel Shoes

    Shiny Gospel Shoes Active Member

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    THE THIRD DAY & THREE DAYS PASSAGES – CONTEXT, THE HANDING OVER OF JESUS, UNTO THE CRUCIFIXION BEGINS THE COUNTING:

    Let us look at the terms:

    In only one instance, Matthew 12:40 He said, “three days and three nights” which will be dealt with separately as it is referring to a specific period from the night of the Garden to the Burial and Resurrection, however, on Two occasions, Matthew 27:63; Mark 8:31 He said, “after three days.” and He referred to the same event 5 times in Matthew 26:61, 27:40; Mark 15:29; John 2:19-20 as “in three days”, and on Twelve occasions it is said, “the third day.” Matthew 16:21, 17:23, 20:19; Mark 9:31, 10:34; Luke 9:22, 13:32, 18:33, 24:7,46; Acts 10:40; 1 Corinthians 15:4.

    [Q1] What is this “third day” to be counted from? Is it the “third day” from a specifically given event, such as the Crucifixion or something else, as others intimate attempting to link Genesis 1 or Daniel 9?

    [A1] The answer from scripture, is that it is the “third day” from the 'crucifixion', wherein Jesus was “killed” or also when the “temple” “his body” was “destroyed”.


    Jesus said and taught that it was from His death upon the Cross, that the counting of the three days was to begin and in the third day He was to be raised to life “again”. Jesus was Crucified the sixth day of the week, known as the “preparation”[ Luke 23:52-56; see also “...on the sixth day they shall prepare ...” Exodus 16:5].

    From that time forth began Jesus to shew unto his disciples, how that he must go unto Jerusalem, and suffer many things of the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and be raised again the third day. Matthew 16:21

    And while they abode in Galilee, Jesus said unto them, The Son of man shall be betrayed into the hands of men: Matthew 17:22

    And they shall kill him, and the third day he shall be raised again. And they were exceeding sorry. Matthew 17:23

    Behold, we go up to Jerusalem; and the Son of man shall be betrayed unto the chief priests and unto the scribes, and they shall condemn him to death, Matthew 20:18

    And shall deliver him to the Gentiles to mock, and to scourge, and to crucify him: and the third day he shall rise again. Matthew 20:19

    And he began to teach them, that the Son of man must suffer many things, and be rejected of the elders, and of the chief priests, and scribes, and be killed, and after three days rise again. Mark 8:31

    For he taught his disciples, and said unto them, The Son of man is delivered into the hands of men, and they shall kill him; and after that he is killed, he shall rise the third day. Mark 9:31

    And they were in the way going up to Jerusalem; and Jesus went before them: and they were amazed; and as they followed, they were afraid. And he took again the twelve, and began to tell them what things should happen unto him, Mark 10:32

    Saying, Behold, we go up to Jerusalem; and the Son of man shall be delivered unto the chief priests, and unto the scribes; and they shall condemn him to death, and shall deliver him to the Gentiles: Mark 10:33

    And they shall mock him, and shall scourge him, and shall spit upon him, and shall kill him: and the third day he shall rise again. Mark 10:34

    Saying, The Son of man must suffer many things, and be rejected of the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be slain, and be raised the third day. Luke 9:22

    Then he took unto him the twelve, and said unto them, Behold, we go up to Jerusalem, and all things that are written by the prophets concerning the Son of man shall be accomplished. Luke 18:31

    For he shall be delivered unto the Gentiles, and shall be mocked, and spitefully entreated, and spitted on: Luke 18:32

    And they shall scourge him, and put him to death: and the third day he shall rise again. Luke 18:33

    And said unto them, Thus it is written, and thus it behoved Christ to suffer, and to rise from the dead the third day: Luke 24:46

    Jesus answered and said unto them, Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up. John 2:19

    Then said the Jews, Forty and six years was this temple in building, and wilt thou rear it up in three days? John 2:20

    But he spake of the temple of his body. John 2:21

    The Angels confirm what Jesus stated, that it was from His death:

    And as they were afraid, and bowed down their faces to the earth, they said unto them, Why seek ye the living among the dead? Luke 24:5

    He is not here, but is risen: remember how he spake unto you when he was yet in Galilee, Luke 24:6

    Saying, The Son of man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men, and be crucified, and the third day rise again. Luke 24:7

    Peter in Acts Confirms that it was from the death of Jesus:

    The word which God sent unto the children of Israel, preaching peace by Jesus Christ: (he is Lord of all: ) Acts 10:36

    That word, I say, ye know, which was published throughout all Judaea, and began from Galilee, after the baptism which John preached; Acts 10:37

    How God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost and with power: who went about doing good, and healing all that were oppressed of the devil; for God was with him. Acts 10:38

    And we are witnesses of all things which he did both in the land of the Jews, and in Jerusalem; whom they slew and hanged on a tree: Acts 10:39

    Him God raised up the third day, and shewed him openly; Acts 10:40

    Not to all the people, but unto witnesses chosen before of God, even to us, who did eat and drink with him after he rose from the dead. Acts 10:41

    Paul in Corinthians confirms, that it was from the death of Jesus:

    For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received, how that Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures; 1 Corinthians 15:3

    And that he was buried, and that he rose again the third day according to the scriptures: 1 Corinthians 15:4

    The false witnesses stated, something close to what Jesus actually said, and notice again the connection with the destruction of the temple and from that time three days were counted:

    And said, This fellow said, I am able to destroy the temple of God, and to build it in three days. Matthew 26:61

    The people believing the false witnesses and misunderstanding Jesus said similar:

    And saying, Thou that destroyest the temple, and buildest it in three days, save thyself. If thou be the Son of God, come down from the cross. Matthew 27:40

    Likewise also the chief priests mocking him, with the scribes and elders, said, Matthew 27:41

    He saved others; himself he cannot save. If he be the King of Israel, let him now come down from the cross, and we will believe him. Matthew 27:42

    Saying, Sir, we remember that that deceiver said, while he was yet alive, After three days I will rise again. Matthew 27:63

    And they that passed by railed on him, wagging their heads, and saying, Ah, thou that destroyest the temple, and buildest it in three days, Mark 15:29

    Save thyself, and come down from the cross. Mark 15:30

    Likewise also the chief priests mocking said among themselves with the scribes, He saved others; himself he cannot save. Mark 15:31

    Let Christ the King of Israel descend now from the cross, that we may see and believe. And they that were crucified with him reviled him. Mark 15:32

    These Passages in Luke are unique in that they speak of the events leading up to the handing over of Jesus in the Garden, to be led away to His trials and death:


    And he said unto them, Go ye, and tell that fox, Behold, I cast out devils, and I do cures to day and to morrow, and the third day I shall be perfected. Luke 13:32

    Nevertheless I must walk to day, and to morrow, and the day following: for it cannot be that a prophet perish out of Jerusalem. Luke 13:33

    We shall look at that "Three Days and Three Nights" passage, and contexts in a bit.
     
  11. Shiny Gospel Shoes

    Shiny Gospel Shoes Active Member

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    RESURRECTION, DEFINITELY SUNDAY, THE FIRST DAY OF THE WEEK; SPIRT OF PROPHECY:

    “... The hours of Saturday night passed silently until the darkest time of all, just before dawn. And all the while, Jesus lay as a prisoner of death in the grave. The great stone stood firmly in its place, the Roman seal remained unbroken, and the Roman guards continued on duty. Suddenly a great earthquake shook the land at the approach of an angel from heaven, surrounded by God’s glory. All the soldiers fell to the ground as if they were dead. … [Page 58] …

    … [Page 61] … As long as Jesus lay in the grave, Satan hoped that Jesus would not take up His life again. On Friday afternoon Satan claimed the Lord’s body and set his own angels to guard the tomb. He felt bitterly angry when the angel from heaven arrived on Sunday morning and scared away his angels! As Satan watched Jesus step out of the grave alive, he knew that his kingdom was doomed and that he would ultimately die.

    The priests became the tools of Satan when they arranged for Jesus to be put to death, and on Sunday morning they were still entirely in his power. When they heard the report of the resurrection, they were afraid of the reaction of the people and felt that their own lives were in danger. Their only hope was to try to cast Jesus as an impostor and to deny His resurrection. So they bribed the soldiers, secured Pilate’s silence, and spread their lies as far as they could.

    However, there were some witnesses they could not silence. Many people had heard the soldiers’ startling report on their way into the city. Also, there were others who had been raised from the dead at the same time that Jesus rose. Then Jesus Himself appeared to some, confirming that He was alive. ...” [A Call To Stand Apart; Chapter 11, Grand Resurrection; Page 58,61] - text . egwwritings . org/publication.php?pubtype=Book&bookCode=AC&lang=en&collection=2&section=all&pagenumber=58

    “... Two of them went that same day to a village called Emmaus, which was from Jerusalem about threescore furlongs. And they talked together of all these things which had happened. Luke 24:13, 14.

    On the first day of the week after Christ’s crucifixion, the disciples had everything to fill their hearts with rejoicing. But this day was not a day of joy to all. To some it was a day of uncertainty, confusion, and perplexity.... The women brought tidings that ... positively affirmed that Christ had risen from the dead, and that they themselves had seen Jesus alive in the garden.

    But still the disciples seemed unbelieving. Their hopes had died with Christ. And when the news of His resurrection was brought to them, it was so different from what they had anticipated that they could not believe it.... From eyewitnesses some of the disciples had obtained quite a full account of the events of Friday. Others beheld the scenes of the crucifixion with their own eyes. In the afternoon of the first day of the week, two of the disciples, restless and unhappy, decided to return to their home in Emmaus, a village about eight miles from Jerusalem. …

    They had not advanced far on their journey when they were joined by a stranger. But they were so absorbed in their gloom and disappointment that they did not observe Him closely. They continued their conversation, expressing the thoughts of their hearts.... Jesus knew that their hearts were bound up with Him in love, and He longed to take them in His arms and wipe away their tears, and put joy and gladness in their hearts. But He must first give them lessons that they would never forget....

    They told Him of their disappointment in regard to their Master, “how the chief priests and our rulers delivered him to be condemned to death, and have crucified him.” With hearts sore with disappointment and with quivering lips they said, “We trusted that it had been he which should have redeemed Israel: and beside all this, today is the third day since these things were done.”

    Why did not the disciples remember Christ’s words, and realize that events were to be as they had been? Why did not they realize that the last part of His disclosure would be just as verily fulfilled as the first part, that the third day He would rise again? This was the part they should have remembered. The priests and rulers did not forget this.—Manuscript 113, 1897.” [Christ Triumphant; Two Disciples Went From Despair To Hope, October 15; Page 295] - text . egwwritings . org/publication.php?pubtype=Book&bookCode=CTr&lang=en&collection=2&section=all&pagenumber=295

    “ … The Father and the Son rested after Their work of Creation. “Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, and all the host of them. And on the seventh day God ended His work which He had made.... And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it He had rested.” Genesis 2:1-3. The death of Christ was designed to be at the very time in which it [Page 425-426] took place. It was in God’s plan that the work which Christ had engaged to do should be completed on a Friday, and that on the Sabbath He should rest in the tomb, even as the Father and Son had rested after completing Their creative work. The hour of Christ’s apparent defeat was the hour of His victory. The great plan, devised before the foundations of the earth were laid, was successfully carried out.—Manuscript 25, 1898, 3, 4. (“The Man of Sorrows,” typed, February 24, 1898.)

    Released February, 1968.” [Manuscript Releases Volume Three [Nos. 162-209]; Pages 425-426] - text . egwwritings . org/publication.php?pubtype=Book&bookCode=3MR&lang=en&collection=2&section=all&pagenumber=425&QUERY=Manuscript+Releases+Volume+Three&resultId=1
     
  12. Shiny Gospel Shoes

    Shiny Gospel Shoes Active Member

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    Textual references, from the Gospels and more:

    From that time forth began Jesus to shew unto his disciples, how that he must go unto Jerusalem, and suffer many things of the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and be raised again the third day. Matthew 16:21

    And while they abode in Galilee, Jesus said unto them, The Son of man shall be betrayed into the hands of men: Matthew 17:22

    And they shall kill him, and the third day he shall be raised again. And they were exceeding sorry. Matthew 17:23

    Behold, we go up to Jerusalem; and the Son of man shall be betrayed unto the chief priests and unto the scribes, and they shall condemn him to death, Matthew 20:18

    And shall deliver him to the Gentiles to mock, and to scourge, and to crucify [him]: and the third day he shall rise again. Matthew 20:19

    And he began to teach them, that the Son of man must suffer many things, and be rejected of the elders, and [of] the chief priests, and scribes, and be killed, and after three days rise again. Mark 8:31

    For he taught his disciples, and said unto them, The Son of man is delivered into the hands of men, and they shall kill him; and after that he is killed, he shall rise the third day. Mark 9:31

    And they shall mock him, and shall scourge him, and shall spit upon him, and shall kill him: and the third day he shall rise again. Mark 10:34

    Saying, The Son of man must suffer many things, and be rejected of the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be slain, and be raised the third day. Luke 9:22

    Then he took [unto him] the twelve, and said unto them, Behold, we go up to Jerusalem, and all things that are written by the prophets concerning the Son of man shall be accomplished. Luke 18:31

    For he shall be delivered unto the Gentiles, and shall be mocked, and spitefully entreated, and spitted on: Luke 18:32

    And they shall scourge [him], and put him to death: and the third day he shall rise again. Luke 18:33

    Saying, The Son of man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men, and be crucified, and the third day rise again. Luke 24:7

    And the one of them, whose name was Cleopas, answering said unto him, Art thou only a stranger in Jerusalem, and hast not known the things which are come to pass there in these days? Luke 24:18

    And how the chief priests and our rulers delivered him to be condemned to death, and have crucified him. Luke 24:20

    But we trusted that it had been he which should have redeemed Israel: and beside all this, to day is the third day since these things were done. Luke 24:21

    And said unto them, Thus it is written, and thus it behoved Christ to suffer, and to rise from the dead the third day: Luke 24:46

    Jesus answered and said unto them, Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up. John 2:19

    Then said the Jews, Forty and six years was this temple in building, and wilt thou rear it up in three days? John 2:20

    But he spake of the temple of his body. John 2:21

    When therefore he was risen from the dead, his disciples remembered that he had said this unto them; and they believed the scripture, and the word which Jesus had said. John 2:22

    The God of Abraham, and of Isaac, and of Jacob, the God of our fathers, hath glorified his Son Jesus; whom ye delivered up, and denied him in the presence of Pilate, when he was determined to let [him] go. Acts 3:13

    But ye denied the Holy One and the Just, and desired a murderer to be granted unto you; Acts 3:14

    And killed the Prince of life, whom God hath raised from the dead; whereof we are witnesses. Acts 3:15

    And now, brethren, I wot that through ignorance ye did [it], as [did] also your rulers. Acts 3:17

    But those things, which God before had shewed by the mouth of all his prophets, that Christ should suffer, he hath so fulfilled. Acts 3:18

    And we are witnesses of all things which he did both in the land of the Jews, and in Jerusalem; whom they slew and hanged on a tree: Acts 10:39

    Him God raised up the third day, and shewed him openly; Acts 10:40

    For they that dwell at Jerusalem, and their rulers, because they knew him not, nor yet the voices of the prophets which are read every sabbath day, they have fulfilled [them] in condemning [him]. Acts 13:27

    And though they found no cause of death [in him], yet desired they Pilate that he should be slain. Acts 13:28

    And when they had fulfilled all that was written of him, they took [him] down from the tree, and laid [him] in a sepulchre. Acts 13:29

    But God raised him from the dead: Acts 13:30

    God hath fulfilled the same unto us their children, in that he hath raised up Jesus again; as it is also written in the second psalm, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee. Acts 13:33

    For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received, how that Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures, 1 Corinthians 15:3

    And that he was buried, and that he rose again the third day according to the scriptures: 1 Corinthians 15:4

    And that he was seen of Cephas, then of the twelve: 1 Corinthians 15:5
     
  13. Shiny Gospel Shoes

    Shiny Gospel Shoes Active Member

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    Matthew 12:40 He said, “three days and three nights”... and so much confusion is made out of this, when if only we prayed asking for guidance from God, searched the Scriptures and compare to Scripture, line upon line, and study the prophecies, and the typology of the Sanctuary itself, being the pattern, we would all come to the exact same conclusions...

    The real events of the great prophet Jonah/Jonas are a type, a pattern, a shadow which were to point to the reality, the substance of the fulfillment of prophecy and typology in Christ Jesus, even as it is written:

    And beginning at Moses and all the prophets, he expounded unto them in all the scriptures the things concerning himself. Luke 24:27

    See also: Matthew 1:22, 2:5,7,15-17,23, 3:3,15, 4:14,17, 5:17, 8:17, 11:13, 12:17,39, 13:17,35, 16:4,21, 21:4, 24:15,34, 26:18,54,56, 27:9,35; Mark 1:2,15, 13:4,14, 14:41,49, 15:28; Luke 1:20,38,70,76, 2:43, 3:4, 4:17-21, 9:51, 10:24, 11:29,50, 12:56, 16:16,29,31, 18:31, 19:44, 21:22,24,32, 22:16, 24:25,27,44; John 1:23,45, 5:39, 6:14,45, 7:6,8,40, 12:38, 13:18, 15:25, 16:4,25, 17:12,13, 18:9,32, 19:24,28,36; Acts 2:16,30, 3:18,21-24, 7:37, 8:28-35, 10:43, 13:22,23,27-41, 15:15, 17:2-3, 18:28, 26,22, 24:14, 26:22,27, 28:23; Romans 1:2-4, 3:21, 5:6, 13:11, 16:26; 1 Corinthians 15:3-4; 2 Corinthians 6:2; Galatians 4:2-4; Ephesians 2:20, 3:11; 1 Thessalonians 2:15; 1 Timothy 2:6; Hebrews 1:1, 8:5, 9:9,10,28; 1 Peter 1:10,11; 2 Peter 1:21, 3:2; Revelation 1:3,22:10, etc.

    (CONTEXT of Matthew 12:39)

    Then certain of the scribes and of the Pharisees answered, saying, Master, we would see a sign from thee. Matthew 12:38 But he answered and said unto them, An evil and adulterous generation seeketh after a sign; and there shall no sign be given to it, but the sign of the prophet Jonas: Matthew 12:39 For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale's belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. Matthew 12:40 The men of Nineveh shall rise in judgment with this generation, and shall condemn it: because they repented at the preaching of Jonas; and, behold, a greater than Jonas [is] here. Matthew 12:41 The queen of the south shall rise up in the judgment with this generation, and shall condemn it: for she came from the uttermost parts of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon; and, behold, a greater than Solomon [is] here. Matthew 12:42

    (CONTEXT of Matthew 16:4)
    The Pharisees also with the Sadducees came, and tempting desired him that he would shew them a sign from heaven. Matthew 16:1 He answered and said unto them, When it is evening, ye say, [It will be] fair weather: for the sky is red. Matthew 16:2 And in the morning, [It will be] foul weather to day: for the sky is red and lowring. O [ye] hypocrites, ye can discern the face of the sky; but can ye not [discern] the signs of the times? Matthew 16:3 A wicked and adulterous generation seeketh after a sign; and there shall no sign be given unto it, but the sign of the prophet Jonas. And he left them, and departed. Matthew 16:4

    (CONTEXT of Luke 11:29)
    And when the people were gathered thick together, he began to say, This is an evil generation: they seek a sign; and there shall no sign be given it, but the sign of Jonas the prophet. Luke 11:29 For as Jonas was a sign unto the Ninevites, so shall also the Son of man be to this generation. Luke 11:30 The queen of the south shall rise up in the judgment with the men of this generation, and condemn them: for she came from the utmost parts of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon; and, behold, a greater than Solomon [is] here. Luke 11:31 The men of Nineve shall rise up in the judgment with this generation, and shall condemn it: for they repented at the preaching of Jonas; and, behold, a greater than Jonas [is] here. Luke 11:32

    Now, before moving an inch, go back and read Jonah. All of it. Slowly.

    In immediate context, we see that it was "the Pharisees, also with the Sadducces" and "certain of the scribes" [being called "hypocrites"] who asked of a sign of Jesus and not the disciples.

    Notice that Jesus said, "as Jonas was a sign unto the Ninevites, so also the Son of man be to this generation". The "generation" that Jesus then spake of was the "evil", "wicked and adulterous generation" that sought and asked after the "sign".

    Notice, that they were not converted to the preaching of Jesus, and His way of life set before them, for they cared not for those things, but merely only wanted a visual miraculous confirmation. Even if they had received it, they would not have believed, even as the atheist and hardened skeptic today. They are not really looking for evidence, for the Bible says it has already been made known unto them, and they would find excuse no matter the sign given (Romans 1:19).

    However, there is even more to it than this as Jonah was not dead (“fainted” in type) in the "whale's belly" the entirety of time, but rather he was very much alive and praying through a great portion of the event:

    Then Jonah prayed unto the LORD his God out of the fish's belly, Jonah 2:1 And said, I cried by reason of mine affliction unto the LORD, and he heard me; out of the belly of hell cried I, [and] thou heardest my voice. Jonah 2:2 When my soul fainted within me I remembered the LORD: and my prayer came in unto thee, into thine holy temple. Jonah 2:7 But I will sacrifice unto thee with the voice of thanksgiving; I will pay [that] that I have vowed. Salvation [is] of the LORD. Jonah 2:9

    Just as Jonah (Jonas) preached that in 40 days Ninevah would be destroyed if it did not repent, so too Jesus, also foretold that in 40 years (day/year principle) Jerusalem would also be destroyed (and in AD 70, Under Titus it surely was).

    Was Jonah in the belly of the Great Fish Three Days and Three Nights? Yes, but even in the Biblical reckoning of time, this still does not have to mean a literal “72 hours”, as any piece of time can be counted for a day or night, even if it is 1 minute before sundown, or 1 minute after sunset, and/or a “day and night” can also simply mean 1 “day”. This is called 'inclusive reckoning', and we even do today in our own lives. However, we shall need to look at the day and night parts, since there are three each that did indeed take place.

    What happened to Jonah as the typological, pointing unto the reality, which is Christ Jesus? He went down to the lowest part and then came back up:

    I went down to the bottoms of the mountains; the earth with her bars [was] about me for ever: yet hast thou brought up my life from corruption, O LORD my God. Jonah 2:6 But I will sacrifice unto thee with the voice of thanksgiving; I will pay [that] that I have vowed. Salvation [is] of the LORD. Jonah 2:9 And the LORD spake unto the fish, and it vomited out Jonah upon the dry [land]. Jonah 2:10

    Jesus is the Passover (Exodus 12:18; Leviticus 23:5; Numbers 9:2-5; 1 Corinthians 5:7) Lamb (Genesis 22:8; John 1:29,36). Christ Jesus, began the suffering, not upon the Cross, but rather in the Garden of Gethsemane (Luke 22:44; John 18:1,26).

    It was Night Time then, and so He was taken in that same night and arrested and held in trial. Jesus then the very next morning went through more trials and finally a crucifixion (“the sixth hour” John 19:14; see also Matthew 27:45; Mark 15:33; Luke 23:44).

    Jesus dies on that day [the 6th Day, aka 'Friday', “preparation”, Matthew 27:62; Mark 15:42; Luke 23:54; John 19:14,31,42; see also Exodus 16:5] a few hours [3 hours, “ninth hour”] before sunset (Matthew 27:45; Mark 15:33; Luke 23:44) [sunset is the 12th hour, John 11:9, the full day beginning with the “night” or “evening”; Genesis 1:5,8,13,19,23,31, etc].

    This was the First Night and First Day [“evening”/”night” (Matthew 26:31,34; Mark 14:27,30) and “morning” (Matthew 27:21; Mark 15:1)].

    So we see that after praying and being sorrowful unto death (Matthew 26:38; Mark 14:34), was taken that night at the Garden, betrayed by Judas (Matthew 26:47; Mark 14:43; Luke 22:47-48; John 18:3-5), then held captive in the hands of his enemies and bound (Matthew 27:2; Mark 15:1; John 18:12,24).

    Then taken before Pharisees and leaders at various trials (Ananias/Annas, Caiaphas, Herod, Pilate and Populace, a total of 7 Trials [1] Before Ananias/Annas; John 18:12-14, 19-23; [2] Before Caiaphas; Matthew 26:57,59-68; Mark 14:53,55-65; Luke 22:54,63-65; John 18:24; [3] Before the Sanhedrin; Matthew 27:1; Mark 15:1; Luke 22:66-71; [4] Before Pilate First Time; Matthew 27:2,11-14; Mark 15:1-5; Luke 23:1-5; John 18:28-38; [5] Before Herod; Luke 23:6-12; [6] Before Pilate Second Time; Matthew 27:15-23; Mark 15:6-14; Luke 23:13-22; John 18:39-19:6; [7] The Populace reject Jesus; Matthew 27:24-31; Mark 15:15-20; Luke 23:23-25; John 19:7-16), pummeled, spat upon (Matthew 27:30; Mark 10:34, 15:19), struck, whipped (Matthew 27:26; Mark 15:15; John 19:1), beaten, cursed, yelled and laughed at (Matthew 27:29,31; Mark 15:20; Luke 22:63, 23:11,36), all the while in their hands from that night he was taken until his final breath upon the Cross (Matthew 27:50; Mark 15:37,39; Luke 23:46; John 19:30).

    Jesus was then laid in the tomb (Matthew 27:58-66; Mark 15:42-47; Luke 23:52-53; John 19:38-42), and remained there the whole 7th Day Sabbath (Matthew 28:1; Mark 15:42; Luke 23:54,“...rested the sabbath day according to the commandment.” Luke 23:56;p; John 19:31), which also happened to be a seasonal feast “sabbath” that year, being the First Day of Unleavened Bread, the day which followed the Passover, and thus an “high day” (John 19:31), and so Seasonal Feast sabbath (Leviticus 23:5-8) and 7th Day Sabbath of the Lord thy God (Genesis 2:2-3; Exodus 20:8-11; Deuteronomy 5:12-15; Leviticus 23:3) combined, forever linking Creation and Redemption together. This is the Second Night and the Second Day.

    Jonas, himself after praying in the midst, finally faints [type, death], taken down to the lowest depths [type, burial/grave], and remains so, until brought up and released [type, resurrection]. Just as the whale did not retain Jonah, so too the Grave could not retain Jesus (Acts 2:24). Then Jonas preached about “40 days” (Jonah 3:4) unto Ninevah, even as Jesus remained for “40 days” (Acts 1:3) before finally ascending the second time (type Aaron; High Priest; Leviticus 8:12; Acts 1:9-11; Psalms 133:1-3; Revelation 12:5; the first being just after resurrection, then he came right back; type Moses; Leviticus 8:10; John 20:17,19, etc) for good from the Mount of Olives, until He shall come back in His second Advent (Hebrews 9:28; etc).

    Jesus thus remained in the tomb until his Resurrection on “the first [day] of the week” (aka 'Sunday'; Matthew 28:1; Mark 16:2,9; Luke 24:1; 20:1,19), which when we read in the Transliterated Greek, reads:

    Matthew 28:1 - oye de sabbatwn and eiV mian sabbatwn
    Mark 16:2 - kai lian prwi ths mias sabbatwn
    Mark 16:9 - anastas de prwi prwth sabbatou
    Luke 24:1 - th de mia twn sabbatwn
    John 20:1 - th de mia twn sabbatwn
    John 20:19 - th mia twn sabbatwn

    ...all of which mean, “one or first towards the 7th day sabbath, the culmination after the 6 days”. Additionally, there were multiple sabbaths ending, the 7th Day and the festal sabbath, and there were two also the following week, being again the 7th day, and just before it, there was the another festal sabbath, the latter for the feast of Unleavened bread. Do not make such a big deal out of Matthew 28:1, it is easy, there were 2 weeks with multiple sabbaths because of the 7th day and the festal unleavened bread. And therefore Jesus was raised on “the third day”, being the First day of the week, sometime at/around the rising of the sun (Matthew 28:1; Mark 16:2; Luke 24:1; John 20:1), and then showed Himself alive in several instances that same day. This is the “Third Night and Third Day”.

    Even as Jonah preached unto repentance, and many were converted, so too with Christ Jesus, and many believed on Him after the resurrection – for He is greater than the prophet Jonah, for even today many are still believing on Him.

    Do we see, from the scripture itself, that there must of necessity be events included in the “Three Days and Three Nights” reckoning, such as the scourgings, trials, etc of Jesus, even before the Cross itself? It must be so, for it must parallel the type, the pattern, the shadow of Jonah/Jonas.

    Garden to Trials to Death -- Friday Night [1] to Friday Day to Evening -- Day 1

    Death to Burial to Disciples mourning -- Friday Night [2] / Saturday Night [1] to Saturday Day to Evening - Day 2

    Saturday Night [2] / Sunday Night [1] to Sunday Morning, Early Sunrise, Christ Resurrected and Shown - Day 3
     
  14. Shiny Gospel Shoes

    Shiny Gospel Shoes Active Member

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    Extra: What about the Women and the Spices, where did they get them?

    And there came also
    Nicodemus, which at the first came to Jesus by night, and brought a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about an hundred pound [weight]. John 19:39

    Then took they the body of Jesus, and wound it in linen clothes with
    the spices, as the manner of the Jews is to bury. John 19:40

    And
    he took it down, and wrapped it in linen, and laid it in a sepulchre that was hewn in stone, wherein never man before was laid. Luke 23:52

    Now in the place where he was crucified there was a garden; and in the garden a new sepulchre, wherein was never man yet laid. John 19:41

    There
    laid they Jesus therefore because of the Jews' preparation [day]; for the sepulchre was nigh at hand. John 19:42

    And
    that day was the preparation, and the sabbath drew on. Luke 23:53

    And
    the women also, which came with him from Galilee, followed after, and beheld the sepulchre, and how his body was laid. Luke 23:55

    And
    they returned, and prepared spices and ointments; and rested the sabbath day according to the commandment. Luke 23:56

    The
    first [day] of the week cometh Mary Magdalene early, when it was yet dark, unto the sepulchre, and seeth the stone taken away from the sepulchre. John 20:1

    Now
    upon the first [day] of the week, very early in the morning, they came unto the sepulchre, bringing the spices which they had prepared, and certain [others] with them. Luke 24:1

    Nicodemus brought the spices on the very day of Jesus Death, Friday, preparation day to have him prepared for burial that day. It was just that they did not have enough time to complete the embalming/burial with them, and had to lay Jesus in the Tomb, before sunset, and the women went to see, and they too desired to anoint their LORD with spices, returned and prepared the spices they had already purchased before sunset, and the 7th Day Sabbath commenced [combined that year with the seasonal feast sabbath], and they rested according to the commandment, and at the first opportunity, they returned sunday morning with their prepared spices.

    And when the sabbath was past, Mary Magdalene, and Mary the [mother] of James, and Salome,
    had bought [iow, already having had purchased, sometime in the past] sweet spices, that they might come and anoint him. Mark 16:1

    "had bought" -

    Tense: Aorist
    Voice: Active
    Mood: Indicative
    Person: third
    Number: Plural

    ...is a past tense action, and the aorist indicative reveals that it is already past and done, without determining the exact moment of purchase in the past [sometime before sabbath and the first day].

    Also see -
    biblelight . net/pasover . htm

    ...I hope that this is helpful to all, and furthers your study in the Scriptures, and to know that truly, "the scriptures cannot be broken" [John 10:35]


    However, there is still a bit more to come.
     
  15. Shiny Gospel Shoes

    Shiny Gospel Shoes Active Member

    633
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    SDA
    Additionally, we can take another look at the Greek:

    The Greek for “heart” in this passage (Matthew 12:40) (the one and only time the particular phraseology, "in the heart of the earth" is used) is “kardia” “καρδία” (which is where the English gets the term “Cardiac”) and it means: “heart (as in the physical organ, whether or man or beast), also the center of the spiritual or physical life, the center of the will, or seat of the mind, inmost thoughts, emotions, feelings or being, or the inmost part of anything whether animate or inanimate” [Strong's Concordance, Thayer's Lexicon, Vine's Expository].

    The Greek for “earth” in this particular passage (Matthew 12:40) is “gē” “γῆ” and it means “arable land, ground, earth as a standing place, earthly material out of which something is formed, earth as a whole, the whole inhabited world or earth, country, land or region” [Strong's Concordance, Thayer's Lexicon].

    The scripture in saying “in the heart of the earth” does not mean that Jesus would be in the grave exactly for “three days and three nights” (a full 72 hours). In fact, there is nowhere any references to this statement “in the heart of the earth” meaning “the grave” or “buried” or “dead” at all, for there are other words used to mean the "Grave" and "Death", such as “Sheol” or “Hades”, of which neither term is in this passage used.

    The phrase “Heart of the Earth”, means in the center of all attention of the world, for was it not written that the whole world followed after Him? (John 12:19, now compare that statement to Daniel 11:43 and the Beast in Revelation 13, in its counterfeit of Christ, for is it not written that all the world will wonder after the Beast?), in the very midst of His people, and everyone’s focus, including even the angels, would be upon Him. Even as He has said, “And I, if I be lifted up from the earth, will draw all [men] unto me.” (John 12:32) and “Look unto me, and be ye saved, all the ends of the earth: for I [am] God, and [there is] none else.” (Isaiah 45:22)

    In fact, all of the unfallen worlds and universe was interested in this.

    Let us look at the terms:

    In only one instance, Matthew 12:40 He said, “three days and three nights”, but on Two occasions, Matthew 27:63; Mark 8:31 He said, “after three days.” and He referred to the same event 5 times in Matthew 26:61, 27:40; Mark 15:29; John 2:19-20 as “in three days”, and on Twelve occasions it is said, “the third day.” Matthew 16:21, 17:23, 20:19; Mark 9:31, 10:34; Luke 9:22, 13:32, 18:33, 24:7,46; Acts 10:40; 1 Corinthians 15:4.

    If these expressions are all to be taken literally, in the strictest sense, then the Bible, nay moreso, Jesus, is in complete contradiction, for it is clear that they would then have differing total times, for one says “in”, another “after”, still another “the” and the latter “three days and three nights”, no more and no less if we are to take them all in the strictest literal sense. However, when we search the scriptures, we will find that the Bible uses inclusive reckoning over and over again (Genesis 7:4,10; Genesis 17:12; Luke 1:59, 2:21; Genesis 42:17-19; 2 Chronicles 10:5,12; Ester 4:16, 5:1; Acts 10:3-30, etc), and so therefore which saying is correct? All of them, for they are all verily saying the same thing.

    Jesus was not and cannot be in the strictest literal sense, without destruction to His own words, literally Three Days and Three Nights (as some see as a full '72 hours') in the Grave, as scripture and typology will show. Let us see how by looking at the Time Clock Jesus was going by according to the seasonal feasts which He, Himself, gave (Leviticus 23), specifically the seasonal Spring Feasts, as well as the Manna from Heaven in Exodus 16:

    THE CHOOSING OF THE SPOTLESS LAMB [Exodus 12:3] 1st Month (Pre-Babylonian-Abib/Aviv, Post Babylonian-Nisan) 10th Day after the New Moon. Choose the spotless Lamb as designated by God, a Lamb for every man, for every house (to be held for 3 1/2 days). Jesus begins ministry (John 1:29,36) at age 30 (Luke 3:23), according to type (Numbers 4:3,23,30,35,39,40,43,47), and preaches 3 ½ years according to Scripture and Prophecy of Daniel (Daniel 9:27).

    PASSOVER FEAST [Leviticus 23:5] 1st Month (Pre-Babylonian-Abib/Aviv, Post Babylonian-Nisan) 14th Day after the New Moon at Even. Spotless Lamb slain (after being held 3 1/2 days), roasted by fire, eaten with bitter herbs, in a state of readiness to depart, with no bone of the Lamb being broken, its shed blood applied to the doorposts and lintel [Exodus 12:7-8]. [Jesus dies AD 31; Nisan 14th]

    UNLEAVENED BREAD FEAST [Leviticus 23:6-8] 1st Month (Pre-Babylonian-Abib/Aviv, Post Babylonian-Nisan) 15th Day after the New Moon - until the 21st Day of the same Month (7 days). On the 1st Day (15th) a holy convocation and no servile work (seasonal feast sabbath) [Jesus in the Tomb; Nisan 15th], unleavened is eaten for 7 days (all leaven removed from the 1st Day). A holy convocation and no servile work on the 7th Day, being the 21st Day of the same Month (seasonal feast sabbath).

    FIRSTFRUITS OF HARVEST, WAVE SHEAF [Leviticus 23:10-14] 1st Month (Pre-Babylonian-Abib/Aviv, Post Babylonian-Nisan) 16th Day after the New Moon [Jesus resurrected; Nisan 16th]. A Wave Sheaf of the Firstfruits of the Harvest on the morrow after the Sabbath. This day not being a Sabbath. A spotless he-lamb burnt offering the same day as the wave sheaf. "Meat" (bread) offering - two tenth deals of fine flour mingled with oil, an offering made by fire unto the LORD [for] a sweet savour: and the drink offering thereof [shall be] of wine, the fourth [part] of an hin. Begin to count 7, 7th Day Sabbaths, plus one more Day unto Pentecost (7x7=49+1=50).

    The Calender:

    (First Month of the Year, Abib/Aviv) (Exodus 12:2; Deuteronomy 16:1) and later became changed to Nisan (after Babylonian Captivity, Esther 3:7; Ezra 6:19)

    NEW MOON 1 MONTH DAY 1 - (A Solemn Feast Day according to Psalms 81:3; Numbers 10:10 (CYCLE DAY 7; 7th DAY SABBATH Genesis 2:2-3, Exodus 20:8-11)),

    1 MONTH DAY 2, (CYCLE DAY 1)
    1 MONTH DAY 3, (CYCLE DAY 2)
    1 MONTH DAY 4, (CYCLE DAY 3)
    1 MONTH DAY 5, (CYCLE DAY 4)
    1 MONTH DAY 6, (CYCLE DAY 5)
    1 MONTH DAY 7, (CYCLE DAY 6)

    1 MONTH DAY 8, (CYCLE DAY 7; 7th DAY SABBATH Genesis 2:2-3, Exodus 20:8-11)

    1 MONTH DAY 9, (CYCLE DAY 1)

    1 MONTH DAY 10, (typological Getting Lamb for Passover; Exodus 12:3 (CYCLE DAY 2) Reality CHRIST is the LAMB of GOD; John 1:29,36; Jesus begins ministry for 3 ½ years; Daniel 9:27; [and ended on the time so specified] Luke 13:32-33, etc)


    1 MONTH DAY 11, (CYCLE DAY 3)
    1 MONTH DAY 12, (CYCLE DAY 4)
    1 MONTH DAY 13, (CYCLE DAY 5)

    1 MONTH DAY 14, (typological Passover at Even; Leviticus 23:5; Reality of CHRIST's DEATH - CYCLE DAY 6, 'aka Friday', known as the Preparation day (Mark 15:42; Luke 23:54; John 19:31), the True Temple was Destroyed (First day of the Three Prophesied by JESUS; John 2:19, etc) also see the typology of the Manna in Exodus 16:5,22; and see 1 Corinthians 5:7)

    1 MONTH DAY 15, (typological First Day of Unleavened Bread, feast sabbath; Exodus 12:16; Leviticus 23:6-7; Reality of CHRIST's BURIAL - CYCLE DAY 7, 'aka Saturday' (Luke 23:56; 7th Day SABBATH OF THE LORD GOD in the 4th COMMANDMENT), the two (seasonal feast sabbath and 7th DAY SABBATH) combined that year of JESUS and was called an "HIGH DAY" John 19:31, JESUS remained in the tomb (being the Second Day of the Three Prophesied by JESUS; John 2:19, etc); also see the typology of the Manna in Exodus 16:23)

    1 MONTH DAY 16, (typological Wave Sheaf, First Fruits Offering, NOT A SABBATH; Leviticus 23:10-11; Joshua 5:10-12; Reality of CHRIST's RESURRECTION - CYCLE DAY 1, 'aka Sunday' Matthew 28:1; Mark 16:1-2,9; Luke 24:1; John 20:1,19; JESUS free of the Tomb (being the THIRD DAY since these things were done; Luke 24:21; John 2:19, etc), also see the typology of the Manna in Exodus 16:24-25, compare to Acts 13:37; 1 Corinthians 15:20,23...begin counting 7 Sabbaths to PENTECOST Leviticus 23:15); 1st Day)


    1 MONTH DAY 17, (CYCLE DAY 2; 2nd Day)
    1 MONTH DAY 18, (CYCLE DAY 3; 3rd Day)
    1 MONTH DAY 19, (CYCLE DAY 4; 4th Day)
    1 MONTH DAY 20, (CYCLE DAY 5; 5th Day)

    1 MONTH DAY 21, (End of Feast of Unleavened Bread, feast sabbath; Leviticus 23:8; (CYCLE DAY 6); 6th Day) … etc.

    Did you notice the multiple sabbaths ending together the first time on the 14th and near each other on the second set? Consider Matthew 28:1 in this light.

    [Matthew 28:1, speaks of two groups of [two] sabbaths [being the 7th Day Sabbath of the Commandment [Exodus 20:8-11], and the seasonal festal sabbaths of the ordinance [Leviticus 23:6-8]], specifically the first day [15th of Aviv/Nisan] of Unleavened bread and the 7th Day Sabbath [Christ's Burial] and the second reference to the last day [21st of Aviv/Nisan] of the feast of Unleavened Bread and the very next 7th Day Sabbath]

    Type is given by God to show the Reality of that which was to come - Jesus.

    The entirety of the earthly Sanctuary is merely the "pattern" [Exodus 25:9,40; Numbers 8:4, etc] of the "Heavenly" [see book of Hebrews].

    Our fathers had the tabernacle of witness in the wilderness, as he had appointed, speaking unto Moses, that he should make it according to the fashion that he had seen. Acts 7:44

    Tupos = type, pattern. Strong's G5179 - Blue Letter Bible - Lexicon

    See also Romans 5:14, Adam was the "figure" of Him who was to come.
    See also 1 Corinthians 10:6,11, "ensample" is the tupos, of that which we are to learn from, the "pattern".

    Christ Jesus is indeed our Passover, of which the Lamb was merely the Type, yes?

    "...even Christ our passover is sacrificed for us..." 1 Corinthians 5:7;p

    John the Baptist understood the type/reality, that Jesus was the Anti-typical [fulfillment/reality, that which is the substance, casting the shadow, not the shadow itself],"...Jesus coming unto him, and saith, Behold the Lamb of God..." John 1:29;p and "And looking upon Jesus as he walked, he saith, Behold the Lamb of God!" John 1:36

    Since the scripture is clear that Jesus is the "Lamb of God", and that Christ Jesus is our "Passover", it is clear that the Passover must of necessity be sacrificed upon the 14th day after trhe New Moon of Aviv/Nisan:

    And thus shall ye eat it; [with] your loins girded, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and ye shall eat it in haste: it [is] the LORD'S passover. Exodus 12:11

    Then Moses called for all the elders of Israel, and said unto them, Draw out and take you a lamb according to your families, and kill the passover. Exodus 12:21

    That ye shall say, It [is] the sacrifice of the LORD'S passover, who passed over the houses of the children of Israel in Egypt, when he smote the Egyptians, and delivered our houses. And the people bowed the head and worshipped. Exodus 12:27

    In the fourteenth [day] of the first month at even [is] the LORD'S passover. Leviticus 23:5

    This, my brother, should be enough to establish that Jesus, "our passover" was to be killed upon the 14th of Aviv/Nisan, though there is of course many more substantiating texts [Numbers 9:5, 28:16, etc], see also Joshua 5:10, where they obeyed this ordinance:

    And the children of Israel encamped in Gilgal, and kept the passover on the fourteenth day of the month at even in the plains of Jericho. Joshua 5:10

    If Jesus is not the fulfillment of the tupos/type, he being the Anti-type/reality/substance, what then is the point of John pointing to Him and saying that He is the "Lamb of God", or to Paul saying "Christ our Passover"? There of course would be no point in them doing so, if the original type did not actually exist to point to the anti-type.

    What day then immediately followed the 14th of the Passover? It was the first Day of the feast of Unleavened Bread, which took place always upon the 15th day following the New Moon of the month Aviv/Nisan:

    And on the fifteenth day of the same month [is] the feast of unleavened bread unto the LORD: seven days ye must eat unleavened bread. Levitucus 23:6

    This was the tupos or type. Unleavened is to be without sin, since this leaven was pointing to sin. Christ Jesus died without sin and was so buried, for unleavened bread was also eaten on the Passover day previous.

    This first day of the feast of Unleavened Bread was a seasonal feast sabbath, where "no servile work" could be done:

    In the first day ye shall have an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein. Leviticus 23:7

    ...this is seen in Joshua 5:11, even as the obeyed the ordinances:

    And they did eat of the old corn of the land on the morrow after the passover, unleavened cakes, and parched [corn] in the selfsame day. Joshua 5:11

    The day which immediately followed this first day of unleavened bread, was the wavesheaf/firstfruits offering:

    Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When ye be come into the land which I give unto you, and shall reap the harvest thereof, then ye shall bring a sheaf of the firstfruits of your harvest unto the priest: Leviticus 23:10

    And he shall wave the sheaf before the LORD, to be accepted for you: on the morrow after the sabbath the priest shall wave it. Leviticus 23:11

    And ye shall offer that day when ye wave the sheaf an he lamb without blemish of the first year for a burnt offering unto the LORD. Leviticus 23:12

    ...we see what God was doing even as we go back to Joshua 5, even the day which followed immediately after the first day of the feast of Unleavened bread:

    And the manna ceased on the morrow after they had eaten of the old corn of the land; neither had the children of Israel manna any more; but they did eat of the fruit of the land of Canaan that year. Joshua 5:12

    The First fruits is the type/tupos of the Resurrection, being a first part of the great harvest which belongs unto the Lord.

    If Christ Jesus was dead for the whole day of the Firstfruits, no matter the chronology, then He is not the fulfillment of the Firstfruits, and we are now stuck with brokwn scripture, for scripture says of Christ Jesus:

    But now is Christ risen from the dead, [and] become the firstfruits of them that slept. 1 Corinthians 15:20

    But every man in his own order: Christ the firstfruits; afterward they that are Christ's at his coming. 1 Corinthians 15:23

    Christ Jesus could not become the "Firstfruits" until Resurrected. Please, please consider this point most carefully.
     
  16. Shiny Gospel Shoes

    Shiny Gospel Shoes Active Member

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    Therefore, 3 consecutive days:

    14th Aviv/Nisan - Passover, Christ Jesus dies
    15th Aviv/Nisan - First day unleavened bread, seasonal sabbath, Christ Jesus without sin buried
    16th Aviv/Nisan - Firstfruits/wavesheaf, Christ Jesus resurrected


    It can only be this way. This is not only given in this way, but also in the Manna of Exodus 16, in the events of Jonah, and according to what has already been given in the OP and elesewhere.

    Jesus also fulfilled the events of Aviv/Nisan 10th [beginning ministry] and also of the Pentecost [Acts 1-3]


    Once we consider all of this, and compare with the events of the Gospels and elsewhere, "the third day since these things were done" by the two on the road to Emaus, etc, and by the written words of Luke in Luke 23:56, that the women, did not merely go back and keep the sabbath according to the statute, the ordinance, merely doing "no servile work", but instead went back and kept "the sabbath according to the commandment", being Exodus 20:8-11, which says to do "no work", and trumps the seasonal feast sabbath, and with the words "High day" in regards to this particular "sabbath", for both sabbaths [plural] met that day in that year.

    Matthew 28:1, etc make it clear that there were two sabbaths ending and yet more to come:

    οψεG3796 ADV δεG1161 CONJ
    σαββατωνG4521 N-GPN - iow "end of the sabbaths"

    Matthew 28:1 - www . scripture4all . org/OnlineInterlinear/NTpdf/mat28 . pdf

    Ὀψὲ δὲ
    σαββάτων, τῇ ἐπιφωσκούσῃ εἰς μίαν σαββάτων, ἦλθεν Μαριὰμ ἡ Μαγδαληνὴ καὶ ἡ ἄλλη Μαρία θεωρῆσαι τὸν τάφον.

    sabbatwn
    sabbatwn
    G4521
    n_ Gen
    Pln
    Of SABBATHS


    "Cyclopaedia of Biblical, theological, and ecclesiastical literature: Volume 7 John McClintock, James Strong - 1894 "... he lay in the grave on the 15th (which was a 'high day' or double Sabbath, because the weekly Sabbath coincided...""- Wikipedia, Crucifixion of Jesus - en . wikipedia . org/wiki/Crucifixion_of_Jesus

    The word "preparation" was in regards to the 6th Day, which just so happened that year AD 31, to be the Passover feast, Nisan 14.

    Here is how Josephus understood the "preparation day":

    "Caesar Augustus, high priest and tribune of the people, ordains thus: Since the nation of the Jews hath been found grateful to the Roman people, not only at this time, but in time past also, and chiefly Hyrcanus the high priest, under my father Caesar the emperor, it seemed good to me and my counselors, according to the sentence and oath of the people of Rome, that the Jews have liberty to make use of their own customs, according to the law of their forefathers, as they made use of them under Hyrcanus the high priest of the Almighty God; and that their sacred money be not touched, but be sent to Jerusalem, and that it be committed to the care of the receivers at Jerusalem; and that they be not obliged to go before any judge on the sabbath day, nor on the day of the preparation to it, after the ninth hour." — Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews, Book XVI, Chapter VI, 2. - books . google.com/books?id=TVPraYz7EGkC&pg=PA331&lpg=PA331&dq=%22nor+on+the+day+of+the+preparation+to+it,+after+the+ninth+hour.%22&source=bl&ots=qIdwk9aL5j&sig=v4O7XY9zwQhcopI7YiuJ3aHVEQE&hl=en&sa=X&ei=LK2ZUPmdGeHF0QW-lIDoAw&ved=0CD0Q6AEwBA#v=onepage&q=%22nor%20on%20the%20day%20of%20the%20preparation%20to%20it%2C%20after%20the%20ninth%20hour.%22&f=false
     
  17. Shiny Gospel Shoes

    Shiny Gospel Shoes Active Member

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    “High (From On, Most), Highly:

    "great," is translated "high" in Jhn 19:31, of the Sabbath day at the Passover season; here the meaning is virtually equivalent to "holy,"” [Vine's Expository; G3173] - www . blbclassic . org/lang/lexicon/lexicon.cfm?Strongs=G3173&t=KJV#

    Now the next day, that followed the day of the preparation, the chief priests and Pharisees came together unto Pilate, Matthew 27:62

    And now when the even was come, because it was the preparation, that is, the day before the sabbath, Matthew 15:42

    And that day was the preparation, and the sabbath drew on. Luke 23:54

    The context of Luke 23:54, is Luke 23:56:

    And they returned, and prepared spices and ointments; and rested the sabbath day according to the commandment. Luke 23:56

    There was the preparation for the 7th Day Sabbath, and for the Passover itself, which coincided that year.

    And it was the preparation of the passover, and about the sixth hour: and he saith unto the Jews, Behold your King! John 19:14

    The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation, that the bodies should not remain upon the cross on the sabbath day, (for that sabbath day was an high day,) besought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away. John 19:31

    There laid they Jesus therefore because of the Jews' preparation day; for the sepulchre was nigh at hand. John 19:42

    The word for “preparation” is the Greek “παρασκευή” [“parasceve”], which means “a making ready, preparation, equipping; 1. that which is prepared, equipment; 2. in the NT in a Jewish sense, the day of preparation; A. the day on which the Jews made necessary preparation to celebrate a sabbath or a feast” [Strong's Concordance; G3903; παρασκευή; paraskeuē] - www . blueletterbible . org/lang/Lexicon/Lexicon.cfm?strongs=G3904&t=KJV

    “Preparation, Prepare, Prepared:

    denotes "preparation, equipment." The day on which Christ died is called "the Preparation" in Mar 15:42; Jhn 19:31; in Jhn 19:42 "the Jews' Preparation," RV; in Jhn 19:14 it is described as "the Preparation of the Passover;" in Luk 23:54, RV, "the day of the Preparation (and the Sabbath drew on)." The same day is in view in Mat 27:62, where the events recorded took place on "the day after the Preparation" (RV). The reference would be to the 6th day of the week. The title arose from the need of preparing food etc. for the Sabbath. Apparently it was first applied only to the afternoon of the 6th day; later, to the whole day. In regard to the phraseology in Jhn 19:14, many hold this to indicate the "preparation" for the paschal feast. It probably means "the Preparation day," and thus falls in line with the Synoptic Gospels. In modern Greek and ecclesiastical Latin, Parasceve == Friday
    [Vine's Expository; G3904] - www . blbclassic . org/lang/lexicon/lexicon.cfm?Strongs=G3904&t=KJV

    “παρασκευή” is used in Matthew 27:62; Mark 15:42; Luke 23:54; John 19:14,31,42.

    The New Testament seems to utilize the word for both meanings,

    1. for the preparation in the 6th Day, before the 7th Day Sabbath as in Matthew 27:62; Mark 15:42; Luke 23:54-56; John 19:31 and ...

    2. also for the preparation of the passover itself, as in John 19:14,42.

    A related word “παρασκευάζω” is found in Acts 10:10 [“made ready”]; 1 Corinthians 14:8 [“prepare”]; 2 Corinthians 9:2,3 [“ready” x2].

    Passover [Aviv/Nisan 14th] itself is never a feast sabbath, though it is a feast, yet the first Day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread [Aviv/Nisan 15th] there was to be a feast sabbath [Exodus 12:16].

    In extant Greek materials, like the Didache 8:1[-2, depending], we see the word “παρασκευή” again reference to the day before the 7th Day Sabbath, which would be the 6th day of the week, or what many commonly call “friday”.

    ai de nhsteiai umwn mh estwsan meta twn upokritwn. nhsteusousi gar deutera sabbatwn kai pempth, umeiv de nhsteusate tetrada kai paraskeuhn. Didache 8:1 Greek - www-user . uni-bremen . de/~wie/texteapo/didache-greek . html

    And let not your fastings be with the hypocrites, for they fast on the second and the fifth day of the week; Didache 8:1; But do you keep your fast on the fourth and on the preparation day. Didache 8:2 – [subnotation, “In the parable of the Publican and the Pharisee in Luke 18, the Pharisee reminds God "I fast twice a week." Both Jews and Christians fasted twice a week, but on different days. The day of (Jewish) preparation (for the Sabbath) was the sixth day; thus Christians of the early church fasted on Wednesdays and Friday, in contrast with the Jews.

    The "hypocrites" of verse 1 may be a rebuke to Christians who continued to observe Jewish customs.”] www . orthodox . cn/patristics/apostolicfathers/didache_en . htm

    Your fasts should not be with the hypocrites, for they fast on Mondays and Thursdays. You should fast on Wednesdays and Fridays. Didache 8:1 - www . paracletepress . com/didache . html

    But let not your fasts be with the hypocrites, for they fast on the second and fifth day of the week. Rather, fast on the fourth day and the Preparation (Friday). Didache 8:1 - www . earlychristianwritings . com/text/didache-roberts . html

    Further, when we look at the word “parasceve”, we find it connected with “prosabbaton” in Mark 15:42:

    And now when the even was come, because it was the preparation, that is, the day before the sabbath, Mark 15:42

    ... reads in the Greek: και ηδη οψιας γενομενης επει ην παρασκευη ο εστιν προσαββατον

    “ην παρασκευη ο εστιν προσαββατον” literally means, “the preparation, that [or 'which'] is, Sabbath eve [or 'before Sabbath']”, the 7th Day of the Lord:

    In the LXX [Septuagint], “προσαββατου” occurs in Psalms 93:1 [92:1 KJV]:

    Εἰς τὴν ἡμέραν τοῦ προσαββάτου, ὅτε κατῴ κισται ἡ γῆ· αἶνος ᾠδῆς τῷ Δαυιδ. Ὁ κύριος ἐβασίλευσεν, εὐπρέπειαν ἐνεδύσατο, ἐνεδύσατο κύριος δύναμιν καὶ περιεζώσατο· καὶ γὰρ ἐστερέωσεν τὴν οἰκουμένην, ἥτις οὐ σαλευθήσεται. Psalms 93:1 LXX [92:1 KJV]

    [[A Psalm or Song for the sabbath day.]] It is a good thing to give thanks unto the LORD, and to sing praises unto thy name, O most High: Psalms 92:1 KJV

    In apocryphal material, like Judith 8:6 and 2 Maccabees 8:26, the word “prosabbaton” or “pro tou sabbatou”, is again the day just “before the Sabbath” [or Sabbath eve], or what Scripture designates as the 6th day of the week, with the 7th Day the Sabbath of the Lord:

    And she fasted all the days of her widowhood, save the eves of the sabbaths, and the sabbaths, and the eves of the new moons, and the new moons and the feasts and solemn days of the house of Israel. Judith 8:6 KJV w/apochrypha - www . unravelingtheword . info/TheApocrypha/Judith/judith08 . htm

    καὶ ἐνήστευε πάσας τὰς ἡμέρας τῆς χηρεύσεως αὐτῆς χωρὶς προσαββάτων καὶ σαββάτων καὶ προνουμηνιῶν καὶ νουμηνιῶν καὶ ἑορτῶν καὶ χαρμοσυνῶν οἴκου Ισραηλ. Judith 8:6 LXX [E-Sword]

    For it was the day before the sabbath, and therefore they would no longer pursue them. 2 Maccabees 8:26 KJV w/apochrypha - www . kingjamesbibleonline . org/2-Maccabees-8-26/

    ἦν γὰρ ἡ πρὸ τοῦ σαββάτου, δι᾿ ἣν αἰτίαν οὐκ ἐμακροτόνησαν κατατρέχοντες αὐτούς. 2 Maccabees 8:26 LXX [E-Sword]
     
  18. Shiny Gospel Shoes

    Shiny Gospel Shoes Active Member

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    Further sources:

    Josephus says of the “παρασκευή”:

    “[162] ‘Καῖσαρ Σεβαστὸς ἀρχιερεὺς δημαρχικῆς ἐξουσίας λέγει. ἐπειδὴ τὸ ἔθνος τὸ τῶν Ἰουδαίων εὐχάριστον εὑρέθη οὐ μόνον ἐν τῷ ἐνεστῶτι καιρῷ ἀλλὰ καὶ ἐν τῷ προγεγενημένῳ καὶ μάλιστα ἐπὶ τοῦ ἐμοῦ πατρὸς αὐτοκράτορος Καίσαρος πρὸς τὸν δῆμον τὸν Ῥωμαίων ὅ τε ἀρχιερεὺς αὐτῶν Ὑρκανός, [163] ἔδοξέ μοι καὶ τῷ ἐμῷ συμβουλίῳ μετὰ ὁρκωμοσίας γνώμῃ δήμου Ῥωμαίων τοὺς Ἰουδαίους χρῆσθαι τοῖς ἰδίοις θεσμοῖς κατὰ τὸν πάτριον αὐτῶν νόμον, καθὼς ἐχρῶντο ἐπὶ Ὑρκανοῦ ἀρχιερέως θεοῦ ὑψίστου, τά τε ἱερὰ * εἶναι ἐν ἀσυλίᾳ καὶ ἀναπέμπεσθαι εἰς Ἱεροσόλυμα καὶ ἀποδίδοσθαι τοῖς ἀποδοχεῦσιν Ἱεροσολύμων, ἐγγύας τε μὴ ὁμολογεῖν αὐτοὺς ἐν σάββασιν ἢ τῇ πρὸ αὐτῆς παρασκευῇ ἀπὸ ὥρας ἐνάτης. [164] ἐὰν δέ τις φωραθῇ κλέπτων τὰς ἱερὰς βίβλους αὐτῶν ἢ τὰ ἱερὰ χρήματα ἔκ τε σαββατείου ἔκ τε ἀνδρῶνος, εἶναι αὐτὸν ἱερόσυλον καὶ τὸν βίον αὐτοῦ ἐνεχθῆναι εἰς τὸ δημόσιον τῶν Ῥωμαίων. [165] τό τε ψήφισμα τὸ δοθέν μοι ὑπ᾽ αὐτῶν ὑπὲρ τῆς ἐμῆς εὐσεβείας ἧς ἔχω πρὸς πάντας ἀνθρώπους καὶ ὑπὲρ Γαΐου Μαρκίου Κηνσωρίνου καὶ τοῦτο τὸ διάταγμα κελεύω ἀνατεθῆναι ἐν ἐπισημοτάτῳ τόπῳ τῷ γενηθέντι μοι ὑπὸ τοῦ κοινοῦ τῆς Ἀσίας ἐν Ἀγκύρῃ. ἐὰν δέ τις παραβῇ τι τῶν προειρημένων, δώσει δίκην οὐ μετρίαν. ἐστηλογραφήθη ἐν τῷ Καίσαρος ναῷ.’” [Greek - Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews 16.162 or Book 16 Chapter 6 Section 2] - www . perseus . tufts . edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.01.0145%3Abook%3D16%3Awhiston+chapter%3D6%3Awhiston+section%3D2

    “[162] "Caesar Augustus, high priest and tribune of the people, ordains thus: Since the nation of the Jews hath been found grateful to the Roman people, not only at this time, but in time past also, and chiefly Hyrcanus the high priest, under my father 1 Caesar the emperor, it seemed good to me and my counselors, according to the sentence and oath of the people of Rome, that the Jews have liberty to make use of their own customs, according to the law of their forefathers, as they made use of them under Hyrcanus the high priest of the Almighty God; and that their sacred money be not touched, but be sent to Jerusalem, and that it be committed to the care of the receivers at Jerusalem; and that they be not obliged to go before any judge on the sabbath day, nor on the day of the preparation to it, after the ninth hour. 2 But if any one be caught stealing their holy books, or their sacred money, whether it be out of the synagogue or public school, he shall be deemed a sacrilegious person, and his goods shall be brought into the public treasury of the Romans. And I give order that the testimonial which they have given me, on account of my regard to that piety which I exercise toward all mankind, and out of regard to Caius Marcus Censorinus, together with the present decree, be proposed in that most eminent place which hath been consecrated to me by the community of Asia at Ancyra. And if any one transgress any part of what is above decreed, he shall be severely punished." This was inscribed upon a pillar in the temple of Caesar.

    1 Augustus here calls Julius Caesar his father, though by birth he was only his uncle, on account of his adoption by him. See the same Antiq. B. XIV. ch. 14. sect. 4.

    2 This is authentic evidence that the Jews, in the days of Augustus, began to prepare for the celebration of the sabbath at the ninth hour on Friday, as the tradition of the elders did, it seems, then require of them.” [English - Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews 16.162 or Book 16 Chapter 6 Section 2] - www . perseus . tufts . edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.01.0146%3Abook%3D16%3Asection%3D162

    The Latin Dictionary, which follows the Greek, gives for “parasceve” as “părăscēvē , ēs, f., = παρασκευή, I. the day of preparation, i. e. the day before the Sabbath, Tert. adv. Marc. 4, 12; id. adv. Psych. 14; Vulg. Matt. 27, 62; id. Luc. 23, 54.” - www . perseus . tufts . edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus:text:1999.04.0059:entry=parasceve&highlight=parasceve

    “... [6] Meminerat enim et ille hoc privilegium donatum sabbato a primordio quo dies ipse compertus est, veniam ieiunii dico. Cum enim prohibuisset creator in biduum legi manna, solummodo permisit in parasceue, ut sabbati sequentis ferias pridiana pabuli paratura ieiunio liberaret. ...” [Latin – Tertullian: Adversus Marcionem; Liber Quartus or Book IV [4], Chapter XII [12]] - www . tertullian . org/articles/evans_marc/evans_marc_09book4 . htm

    “... For he too remembered that even from the beginning, since the sabbath day was first instituted, this privilege was granted to it—I mean exemption from fasting. For when the Creator forbade the gathering of two days' supply of manna, he allowed it only on the day before the sabbath, so that by having food prepared the day before he might make immune from fasting the holy day of the sabbath that followed. ...” [English – Tertullian: Against Marcion; Book 4, Chapter 12] - www . tertullian . org/articles/evans_marc/evans_marc_10book4_eng . htm

    “XIV. 1. Horum igitur tempora obseruantes et dies et menses et annos galaticamur? Plane, si Iudaicarum caeremoniarum, si legalium sollemnitatum obseruantes sumus; illas enim apostolus dedocet compescens ueteris testamenti in Christo sepulti perseuerantiam et noui sistens. 2. Quod si noua conditio in Christo, noua et sollemnia esse debebunt: aut si omnem in totum deuotionem temporum et dierum et mensium et annorum erasit apostolus, cur pascha celebramus annuo circulo in mense primo? Cur quinquaginta exinde diebus in omni exultatione decurrimus? Cur stationibus quartam et sextam sabbati dicamus et ieiuniis parasceuen? 3. Quamquam uos etiam sabbatum, si quando, continuatis, numquam nisi in pascha ieiunandum secundum rationem alibi redditam. Nobis certe omnis dies etiam uulgata consecratione celebratur. Nec ergo apud apostolum differentiae ratio, distinguentem noua et uetera. 4. Sed et hic inaequalitas uestra ridebitur, cum uetustatum formam nobis exprobratis in quo causam nouitatis accusatis.” [Tertullian: De Ieiunio Adversus Psychicos XIV [14]] - www . tertullian . org/latin/de_ieiunio . htm

    “Chapter XIV.—Reply to the Charge of “Galaticism.”

    Being, therefore, observers of “seasons” for these things, and of “days, and months, and years,”[1] we Galaticize. Plainly we do, if we are observers of Jewish ceremonies, of legal solemnities: for those the apostle unteaches, suppressing the continuance of the Old Testament which has been buried in Christ, and establishing that of the New. But if there is a new creation in Christ,[2] our solemnities too will be bound to be new: else, if the apostle has erased all devotion absolutely “of seasons, and days, and months, and years,” why do we celebrate the passover by an annual rotation in the first month? Why in the fifty ensuing days do we spend our time in all exultation? Why do we devote to Stations the fourth and sixth days of the week, and to fasts the “preparation-day?”[3] Anyhow, you sometimes continue your Station even over the Sabbath,—a day never to be kept as a fast except at the passover season, according to a reason elsewhere given. With us, at all events, every day likewise is celebrated by an ordinary consecration. And it will not, then, be, in the eyes of the apostle, the differentiating principle—distinguishing (as he is doing) “things new and old”[4]—which will be ridiculous; but (in this case too) it will be your own unfairness, while you taunt us with the form of antiquity all the while you are laying against us the charge of novelty. ” “[1] Comp. Gal. iv. 10.; [2] Comp. Luke xxii. 20; 2 Cor. v. 17, etc.; [3] Comp. Mark xv. 42. [“And now when the even was come, because it was the preparation, that is, the day before the sabbath,” Mark 15:42 KJV]; [4] Comp. Matt. xiii. 52 ad fin.” [English - Tertullian: On Fasting, Against The Materialistic/Materialists 14; or also the Ante-Nicene Fathers Volume IV [4]; Tertullian; Fourth Part; On Fasting; Chapter 14] - en . wikisource . org/wiki/Ante-Nicene_Fathers/Volume_IV/Tertullian:_Part_Fourth/On_Fasting/Chapter_14

    Primary weekly use:

    Then said the LORD unto Moses, Behold, I will rain bread from heaven for you; and the people shall go out and gather a certain rate every day, that I may prove them, whether they will walk in my law, or no. Exodus 16:4

    And it shall come to pass, that on the sixth day they shall prepare that which they bring in; and it shall be twice as much as they gather daily. Exodus 16:5

    And he said unto them, This is that which the LORD hath said, To morrow is the rest of the holy sabbath unto the LORD: bake that which ye will bake to day, and seethe that ye will seethe; and that which remaineth over lay up for you to be kept until the morning. Exodus 16:23

    Then a secondary festal use:

    So all the service of the LORD was prepared the same day, to keep the passover, and to offer burnt offerings upon the altar of the LORD, according to the commandment of king Josiah. 2 Chronicles 35:16

    And the children of Israel that were present kept the passover at that time, and the feast of unleavened bread seven days. 2 Chronicles 35:17

    Friday is the Day of Preparation according to the Spirit of Prophecy:

    text . egwwritings . org/search.php?lang=en&collection=2&section=all&QUERY=preparation+commandment&Search=Search&hitLength=paragraph&hitsOnPage=20&sortBy=perbook
     
  19. Shiny Gospel Shoes

    Shiny Gospel Shoes Active Member

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    ANTI-TYPE OF MANNA; SCRIPTURE:

    First let us see the Type in Exodus 16:

    I have heard the murmurings of the children of Israel: speak unto them, saying, At even ye shall eat flesh, and in the morning ye shall be filled with bread; and ye shall know that I am the LORD your God. Exodus 16:12

    And it came to pass, that at even the quails came up, and covered the camp: and in the morning the dew lay round about the host. Exodus 16:13

    And when the dew that lay was gone up, behold, upon the face of the wilderness there lay a small round thing, as small as the hoar frost on the ground. Exodus 16:14

    And when the children of Israel saw it, they said one to another, It is manna: for they wist not what it was. And Moses said unto them, This is the bread which the LORD hath given you to eat. Exodus 16:15

    This is the thing which the LORD hath commanded, Gather of it every man according to his eating, an omer for every man, according to the number of your persons; take ye every man for them which are in his tents. Exodus 16:16

    And the children of Israel did so, and gathered, some more, some less. Exodus 16:17

    And when they did mete it with an omer, he that gathered much had nothing over, and he that gathered little had no lack; they gathered every man according to his eating. Exodus 16:18

    And Moses said, Let no man leave of it till the morning. Exodus 16:19

    Notwithstanding they hearkened not unto Moses; but some of them left of it until the morning, and it bred worms, and stank: and Moses was wroth with them. Exodus 16:20

    And they gathered it every morning, every man according to his eating: and when the sun waxed hot, it melted. Exodus 16:21

    And it came to pass, that on the sixth day they gathered twice as much bread, two omers for one man: and all the rulers of the congregation came and told Moses. Exodus 16:22

    And he said unto them, This is that which the LORD hath said, To morrow is the rest of the holy sabbath unto the LORD: bake that which ye will bake to day, and seethe that ye will seethe; and that which remaineth over lay up for you to be kept until the morning. Exodus 16:23

    And they laid it up till the morning, as Moses bade: and it did not stink, neither was there any worm therein. Exodus 16:24

    And Moses said, Eat that to day; for to day is a sabbath unto the LORD: to day ye shall not find it in the field. Exodus 16:25

    Six days ye shall gather it; but on the seventh day, which is the sabbath, in it there shall be none. Exodus 16:26

    And it came to pass, that there went out some of the people on the seventh day for to gather, and they found none. Exodus 16:27

    And the LORD said unto Moses, How long refuse ye to keep my commandments and my laws? Exodus 16:28

    See, for that the LORD hath given you the sabbath, therefore he giveth you on the sixth day the bread of two days; abide ye every man in his place, let no man go out of his place on the seventh day. Exodus 16:29

    So the people rested on the seventh day. Exodus 16:30

    And the house of Israel called the name thereof Manna: and it was like coriander seed, white; and the taste of it was like wafers made with honey. Exodus 16:31

    And Moses said, This is the thing which the LORD commandeth, Fill an omer of it to be kept for your generations; that they may see the bread wherewith I have fed you in the wilderness, when I brought you forth from the land of Egypt. Exodus 16:32

    And Moses said unto Aaron, Take a pot, and put an omer full of manna therein, and lay it up before the LORD, to be kept for your generations. Exodus 16:33

    As the LORD commanded Moses, so Aaron laid it up before the Testimony, to be kept. Exodus 16:34

    And he humbled thee, and suffered thee to hunger, and fed thee with manna, which thou knewest not, neither did thy fathers know; that he might make thee know that man doth not live by bread only, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of the LORD doth man live. Deuteronomy 8:3

    But he answered and said, It is written, Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God. Matthew 4:4

    And Jesus answered him, saying, It is written, That man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word of God. Luke 4:4

    Therefore my heart is glad, and my glory rejoiceth: my flesh also shall rest in hope. Psalms 16:9

    For thou wilt not leave my soul in hell; neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption. Psalms 16:10

    That he should still live for ever, and not see corruption. Psalms 49:9

    Because thou wilt not leave my soul in hell, neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption. Acts 2:27

    He seeing this before spake of the resurrection of Christ, that his soul was not left in hell, neither his flesh did see corruption. Acts 2:31

    God hath fulfilled the same unto us their children, in that he hath raised up Jesus again; as it is also written in the second psalm, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee. Acts 13:33

    And as concerning that he raised him up from the dead, now no more to return to corruption, he said on this wise, I will give you the sure mercies of David. Acts 13:34

    Wherefore he saith also in another psalm, Thou shalt not suffer thine Holy One to see corruption. Acts 13:35

    For David, after he had served his own generation by the will of God, fell on sleep, and was laid unto his fathers, and saw corruption: Acts 13:36

    But he, whom God raised again, saw no corruption. Acts 13:37
     
  20. Shiny Gospel Shoes

    Shiny Gospel Shoes Active Member

    633
    +7
    SDA
    Continuing with the Manna theme:

    John Chapter 6,


    It is the spirit that quickeneth; the flesh profiteth nothing: the words that I speak unto you, [they] are spirit, and [they] are life. John 6:63

    As the living Father hath sent me, and I live by the Father: so he that eateth me, even he shall live by me. John 6:57

    Labour not for the meat which perisheth, but for that meat which endureth unto everlasting life, which the Son of man shall give unto you: for him hath God the Father sealed. John 6:27

    What is this "meat which endureth"? It is the "words" that Jesus speaks to us. That is eternal life. What must we do about His "words", his teachings? We must "believe on Him" [Jesus] whom the Father has sent.

    Jesus answered and said unto them, This is the work of God, that ye believe on him whom he hath sent. John 6:29

    And this is the will of him that sent me, that every one which seeth the Son, and believeth on him, may have everlasting life: and I will raise him up at the last day. John 6:40

    Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that believeth on me hath everlasting life. John 6:47

    However, many of the crowd simply did not want to believe in/on Jesus as the Messiah, the Son of God, being God, the I AM [especially as the only way] without some great sign, even though a little earlier they had all just been fed and been full physically from so very little bread and fish. They wanted a way in salvation apart from Jesus, they wanted a way of works, not of faith which works.

    They did not want to understand that "He came down from Heaven" and said, "Is not this...the son of Joseph?" They did not want to take Jesus on faith. He is the living Manna.

    Jesus pointed out that even those who had been fed from miraculous manna from heaven, all had still died [and are still dead to this day, awaiting their resurrection "at the last day"; John 6:40], but those who believed on Him, the True manna, He says would not permanantly die in the 2nd death, but would sleep in death until their resurrection and would live forever, neither thirst, nor hunger.


    And Jesus said unto them, I am the bread of life: he that cometh to me shall never hunger; and he that believeth on me shall never thirst. John 6:35

    I am that bread of life. John 6:48

    This is that breadwhich came down from heaven: not as your fathers did eat manna, and are dead: he that eateth of this bread shall live for ever. John 6:58

    Not as their fathers who ate the flakes, wafers of manna, but truly Christ Jesus is the living “Bread”, the "Way", "Truth" and "Life". We must believe on Him unto salvation, and follow in His steps by His grace, obey His words, practice what He says.

    Jesus was speaking of Himself as the Messiah and Saviour, thus speaking Himself as the Messiah, the very Son of God, to believe upon and the example to follow:

    This is the bread which cometh down from heaven, that a man may eat thereof, and not die. John 6:50

    Jesus human "Flesh" and "Blood" did not come down from heaven, but He and His doctrine, His Way have. Notice how Jesus Himself lives, "by the Father" [even as he says, "...I have meat to eat that ye know not of." John 4:32; and what was this "meat"? "My meat is to do the will of him that sent me, and to finish his work." John 4:32], and so likewise we, also, by Him by heeding His words, following His example and keeping/doing His Commandments [Ten Commandments]:

    As the living Father hath sent me, and I live by the Father: so he that eateth me, even he shall live by me. John 6:57

    That is eats of HIS WORD...

    Jesus makes it abundantly clear that His words are Spirit:

    It is the spirit that quickeneth; the flesh profiteth nothing: the words that I speak unto you, [they] are spirit, and [they] are life. John 6:63

    Peter, himself, acknowledges that Jesus has the Words of Life because that He is the Messiah:

    Then Simon Peter answered him, Lord, to whom shall we go? thou hast the words of eternal life. John 6:68

    Jesus makes known who did not have eternal life and why they did not, it was because they belived not on Him, as the Christ, even though they had seen Him and the works He performed:

    But I said unto you, That ye also have seen me, and believe not. John 6:35

    And the entirety of the Chapter of John 6 is summed up in this one verse:

    And we believe and are sure that thou art that Christ, the Son of the living God. John 6:69

    That is the whole point of John 6, declaring Jesus to be the Christ, the Son of God, from personal experience and personal acknowledgment, and to follow Him.

    John 6 is focusing on who is "the Christ, the Son of the living God" and who "believe[d]" "on Him" and who did not.

    It is Belief in Christ Jesus as the "Son of the living God", the Messiah, the Christ, God manifest in the likeness of the human sinful flesh, the sent of the Father, the Saviour, etc that is the focus.


    And this is life eternal, that they might know thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom thou hast sent. John 17:3

    We are to "eat" and "drink" His words, for they are spirit and are life.


    Moreover, brethren, I would not that ye should be ignorant, how that all our fathers were under the cloud, and all passed through the sea; 1 Corinthians 10:1

    And were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea; 1 Corinthians 10:2

    And did all eat the same spiritual meat; 1 Corinthians 10:3

    And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ. 1 Corinthians 10:4

    But with many of them God was not well pleased: for they were overthrown in the wilderness. 1 Corinthians 10:5

    The Jews therefore strove among themselves, saying, How can this man give us his flesh to eat? John 6:52

    And Moses said, This shall be, when the LORD shall give you in the evening flesh to eat, and in the morning bread to the full; for that the LORD heareth your murmurings which ye murmur against him: and what are we? your murmurings are not against us, but against the LORD. Exodus 16:8

    And the mixt multitude that was among them fell a lusting: and the children of Israel also wept again, and said, Who shall give us flesh to eat? Numbers 11:4

    Whence should I have flesh to give unto all this people? for they weep unto me, saying, Give us flesh, that we may eat. Numbers 11:13

    And say thou unto the people, Sanctify yourselves against to morrow, and ye shall eat flesh: for ye have wept in the ears of the LORD, saying, Who shall give us flesh to eat? for it was well with us in Egypt: therefore the LORD will give you flesh, and ye shall eat. Numbers 11:18

    We see that Christ is the True manna, even the Word of God [John 1:1], the Bread that came down from Heaven. Just as the bread was for 6 days and on the 7th it was not to be found in the field [which is a symbol of the world; Matthew 13:38], so too Christ was not found in the world, being buried in the Tomb. Though Christ was dead, and buried, His flesh did not see corruption on the 7th Day, even as the Manna saw no corruption on the 7th Day. On the very next day, being the first [day] of the week, we see Christ Jesus arisen from the dead, and preserved forever, never to see corruption, nor death again, and so too likewise the Manna which was uncorrupted was gathered into the Golden Pot, and placed before the Ark [symbol of the Throne of God], even as Christ Jesus ascended that very morning for the first time to the Father.
     
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