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Hosea the Prophet

Discussion in 'Mariology & Hagiography' started by Kristos, Oct 17, 2008.

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  1. Kristos

    Kristos Servant

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    Hosea the Prophet
    Reading from the Synaxarion:
    According to some, Hosea, whose name means "God is help," was from the
    tribe of Issachar, or more likely, from that of Reuben; he was the son
    of Beeri. He is the first in order of the twelve minor Prophets and
    the most ancient of all. He prophesied in the days of the divided
    Kingdom; the Lord told him to take a harlot to wife (Hosea 1:2), and then
    an adulteress (ibid., 3:1). The harlot, a known sinner, was a figure
    of the Kingdom of Israel in Samaria, which openly worshipped idols;
    the adulteress, lawfully married yet sinning secretly with her
    lovers, was a figure of the Kingdom of Judah in Jerusalem, which, while
    having the Temple, and the priesthood, and the divine worship according
    to the Law, stealthily served the idols also. The Prophet Hosea
    prophesied for sixty years, and lived for some ninety years, from 810 to 720
    B.C. His book is divided into fourteen chapters.
     
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  2. Kristos

    Kristos Servant

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  3. Mary of Bethany

    Mary of Bethany Only one thing is needful. Supporter

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    Mary
     
  4. Sphinx777

    Sphinx777 Well-Known Member

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    Hosea (Hebrew: [FONT=David,Narkisim,Arial]הוֹשֵׁעַ,[/FONT] Standard Hošeaʿ Tiberian Hôšēăʿ ; "Salvation is/of the Lord", Greek Ὠσηέ = Ōsēe) was the son of Beeri and a prophet in Israel in the 8th century BCE. He is one of the Twelve Prophets of the Jewish Hebrew Bible, also known as the Minor Prophets of the Christian Old Testament.

    We know practically nothing about the life or social status of Hosea. According to the Book of Hosea, he married the prostitute Gomer, the daughter of Diblaim, at God's command. He lived in the Northern Kingdom in the period 740–725 BCE. In Hosea 5:8 ff., there is a reference to the wars which led to the capture of the kingdom by the Assyrians (ca. 734–732 BCE). It is not certain if he has also experienced the destruction of Samaria, which is foreseen in Hosea 14:1.

    Hosea's family life reflected the "adulterous" relationship which Israel had built with polytheistic gods. His children's names made them like walking prophecies of the fall of the ruling dynasty and the severed covenant with God — much like the prophet Isaiah a generation later. Hosea is often seen as a "prophet of doom", but underneath his message of destruction is a promise of restoration. The Talmud (Pesachim 87a) claims that he was the greatest prophet of his generation, which included the more famous Isaiah.

    He is commemorated with the other Minor prophets in the Calendar of Saints of the Armenian Apostolic Church on July 31. He is commemorated on the Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar, with a feast day on October 17 (for those churches which follow the Julian Calendar, October 17 currently falls on October 30 of the modern Gregorian Calendar). He is also commemorated on the Sunday of the Holy Fathers (the Sunday before the Nativity of the Lord).


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