Abrahamic Covenant: Based on an Unconditional Promise from & cut by God Himself.
Gen 15:8-18 Abram is alseep as God Himself walks between the slain animals & Gen 22:16-18 ""By myself have I sworn"" saith the LORD
Ultimately this Covenant is fulfilled by Jesus. Abraham’s Covenant was based entirely on faith/belief placed in God. Gen 15:6 Abraham believed in the LORD; and he counted it to him for righteousness. Also see Rom 4:3 & Gal 3:6
Mosaic Covenant: Established 430 years (Gal 3:17) after God's promise's to Abraham. The Mosaic covenant is conditional, based on man's performance. Deut 28:1 (B) if thou shalt hearken diligently unto the voice of the LORD thy God, to observe and to do all his commandments which I command thee this day, that the LORD thy God will set thee on high above all nations of the earth:
The next 15 verses discribe: ALL THE BLESSINGS that will come. IF YOU OBSERVE & DO, ALL that the LORD COMMANDS.
The rest of the chapter: Gives ALL the CURSES that NOT KEEPING these LAWS will bring.
New Covenant (the gift/outpouring of the indwelling Holy Spirit): The New Covenant has its origin in the Abrahamic Covenant. It to like the Gen 22 covenant is FAITH based & NOT PROFORMANCE based. Through faithfulness & obedience the Lord Himself cuts, keeps & despenses this covenant on FAITH based promises. Found in the finished, sin redemptive work of Jesus the Christ. His death (sins required wage, PAID), burial (proof he died) & resurrection (God's receipt, payment received & accepted) And just like Abraham, when we place our faith/belief in Christ's redemptive work. A sovreign God judicially declares us righteous.
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