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  #1  
Unread 30th August 2005, 09:16 AM
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Post Resurgence of Hinduism in Indonesia

The resurgence of Hinduism in Indonesia is occurring in all parts of the country. In the early seventies, the Toraja people of Sulawesi were the first to be identified under the umbrella of 'Hinduism', followed by the Karo Batak of Sumatra in 1977 and the Ngaju Dayak of Kalimantan in 1980.

The growth of Hinduism has been driven also by the famous Javanese prophesies of Sabdapalon and Jayabaya.

Many recent converts to Hinduism had been members of the families of Sukarno's PNI, and now support Megawati Sukarnoputri. This return return to the 'religion of Majapahit' (Hinduism) is a matter of nationalist pride.

The new Hindu communities in Java tend to be concentrated around recently built temples (pura) or around archaeological temple sites (candi) which are being reclaimed as places of Hindu worship. An important new Hindu temple in eastern Java is Pura Mandaragiri Sumeru Agung, located on the slope of Mt. Semeru, Java's highest mountain. Mass conversions have also occurred in the region around Pura Agung Blambangan, another new temple, built on a site with minor archaeological remnants attributed to the kingdom of Blambangan, the last Hindu polity on Java, and Pura Loka Moksa Jayabaya (in the village of Menang near Kediri), where the Hindu king and prophet Jayabaya is said to have achieved spiritual liberation (moksa). Another site is the new Pura Pucak Raung in East Java, which is mentioned in Balinese literature as the place from where Maharishi Markandeya took Hinduism to Bali in the fifth century AD.

An example of resurgence around major archaeological remains of ancient Hindu temple sites was observed in Trowulan near Mojokerto,the capital of the legendary Hindu empire Majapahit. A local Hindu movement is struggling to gain control of a newly excavated temple building which they wish to see restored as a site of active Hindu worship. The temple is to be dedicated to Gajah Mada, the man attributed with transforming the small Hindu kingdom of Majapahit into an empire. Although there has been a more pronounced history of resistance to Islamization in East Java, Hindu communities are also expanding in Central Java near the ancient Hindu monuments of Prambanan.

The current estimates of Hinduism in Indonesia range from 4 to 8 percent. Famous Bali island is 98% Hindu dominated.

Last edited by ander_cool; 30th August 2005 at 11:11 AM.
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  #2  
Unread 30th August 2005, 10:20 AM
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Indonesians are very proud of there Hindu heritage (unlike other muslim countries which completely reject there history) and Majapahit (last hindu king) is respected almost allover in Indonesia. Hindu culture is deep rooted even today in muslim population of Indonesia. I have read many articles describing Hindu revivalism in Indonesia specially in and around Java.

Very interesting thing is the study of two prophesies of Sabdapalon and Joyoboyo which are very popular and respected in Indonesia. Acc. to these prophesies, Indonesia will again come to it's Hindu roots.

I found this article very interesting which was originally published in "The Australian Journal of Anthropology". It explains in detail reasons and speed of Hinduism's revival in Indonesia.
http://www.swaveda.com/articles.php?action=show&id=49

In an unpublished report in 1999, the National Indonesian Bureau of Statistics tacitly admits that nearly 100.000 Javanese have officially converted or 'reconverted' from Islam to Hinduism over the last two decades. At the same time, the East Javanese branch of the government Hindu organization PHDI (below) in an annual report claims the 'Hindu congregation' (umat hindu) of this province to have grown by 76000 souls in this year alone. The figures are not entirely reliable or objective, nor can they adequately reflect the proportions of Java's new Hindu revival movement, based as they are on the religion stated on people's identity cards (kartu tanda penduduk or 'KTP') or on other measures of formal religious affiliation. According to my own observations, many conversions are informal only, at least for now. In addition, formal figures often do not adequately distinguish between religious conversions and general population growth, given that most government agencies only record people's religion at birth.

Problems with estimating rates of conversion aside, it is remarkable that despite their local minority status the total number of Hindus in Java now exceeds that of Hindus in Bali. Data collected independently during my preliminary research in Eastern Java further suggest that the rate of conversion accelerated dramatically during and after the collapse of former President Suharto's authoritarian regime in 1998.

A further prophesy, well-known throughout Java and Indonesia, is the Ramalan (or Jangka) Jayabaya. A recent publication on these prophesies by Soesetro & Arief (1999) has become a national best seller. The predictions of Jayabaya are also discussed frequently in daily newspapers. These ancient prophesies, indeed, are very much a part of a current public debate on the ideal shape of a new and genuinely democratic Indonesia.

Sabdapalon was a priest and adviser to Brawijaya V, the last ruler of the Hindu empire Majapahit in Java. He is also said to have cursed his king upon the conversion of the latter to Islam in 1478. Sabdapalon then promised to return, after 500 years and at a time of widespread political corruption and natural disasters, to sweep Islam from the island and restore Hindu-Javanese religion and civilization. Some of the first new Hindu temples built in Java were indeed completed around 1978, for example Pura Blambangan in the regency of Banyuwangi. As the prophesies foretold, Mt. Semeru erupted around the same time. All this is taken as evidence of the accuracy of Sabdapalon's predictions.
http://www.swaveda.com/articles.php?action=show&id=49

Last edited by MAXX; 30th August 2005 at 11:59 AM.
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  #3  
Unread 30th August 2005, 03:15 PM
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Interesting info.... Specially the two prophesies of Hindu Sabdapalon and Joyoboyo which are respected by both Hindus and Muslims in Indonesia.
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Unread 31st August 2005, 10:42 AM
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Indonesia was rich and powerful under the Majapahit Hindu Empire, when Islam took over everything fall apart, its rich culture everything, The Hindu survivers fled to Bali. it was not a peaceful conversion, it was forced upon by Islamic Onslaught.

I'm happy that Some part of Sanatana Dharma is coming back in indonesia, Muslims now feel the heat of the poor islamic heritage compared to the rich Hindu one.
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  #5  
Unread 31st August 2005, 04:33 PM
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Originally Posted by MAXX
Indonesians are very proud of there Hindu heritage (unlike other muslim countries which completely reject there history) and Majapahit (last hindu king) is respected almost allover in Indonesia. Hindu culture is deep rooted even today in muslim population of Indonesia. I have read many articles describing Hindu revivalism in Indonesia specially in and around Java.
And this is the main reason why Hindu revival in indonesia is smooth and without any backlash because even Muslims are not ready to oppose there Hindu background. This is very very different situation from rest of arab muslim countries where Muslims think there history started when they converted to Islam. At these places they don't want to remember there History before Islam.

Very interesting thing is the study of two prophesies of Sabdapalon and Joyoboyo which are very popular and respected in Indonesia. Acc. to these prophesies, Indonesia will again come to it's Hindu roots.

I found this article very interesting which was originally published in "The Australian Journal of Anthropology". It explains in detail reasons and speed of Hinduism's revival in Indonesia.
http://www.swaveda.com/articles.php?action=show&id=49





Thanks for sharing this paper. It will proove to be a great help for my project related to Indonesia.
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  #6  
Unread 31st August 2005, 05:49 PM
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I guess the next question would be, will Arabs ever return to their pre-islamic roots?
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Unread 31st August 2005, 06:29 PM
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Originally Posted by ander_cool
And this is the main reason why Hindu revival in indonesia is smooth and without any backlash because even Muslims are not ready to oppose there Hindu background. This is very very different situation from rest of arab muslim countries where Muslims think there history started when they converted to Islam. At these places they don't want to remember there History before Islam.
what a load of ****
i love it that there are so many people around here who are arrogant and selfloving enough to make such broad statements.
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  #8  
Unread 3rd September 2005, 09:47 AM
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Originally Posted by mala
what a load of ****
i love it that there are so many people around here who are arrogant and selfloving enough to make such broad statements.

What is arrogance in my statement? Anybody who knows about Indonesian and Arab muslims can see the difference. There is more intolerance in Arab than in Indonesia. Indonesians are proud of Hindu History of Majapahit and before whereas in Arab all signs of pre-Islamic History are History now.
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Unread 3rd September 2005, 08:29 PM
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What I have found fascinating is the number of Indonesian Theravada Buddhists. I am in a University town in Iowa and the Indonesians hosted a meditation group.

I don't Think that Arabs will anytimes soone go back to their preMuslim religions.
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Unread 3rd September 2005, 09:38 PM
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Originally Posted by mala
what a load of ****
i love it that there are so many people around here who are arrogant and selfloving enough to make such broad statements.
Was hinduism in pre islamic arabia? I was gong to search for it but I might get a load of ++++. What religion were the pagans?
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